Celebiography.net

Radola Gayda

Picture of Radola Gayda

Date of Birth: 02/14/1892

Age: 56

Citizenship: Czech Republic

Background

Military paramedic Austro-Hungarian army, then arrogated to himself the rank of officer (lieutenant). Passed 30 October 1914 on the side of the Montenegrin army, gave himself a prisoner for the captain, he joined the Montenegrin army. Realized Montenegrin troops retreat to the sea through Albania, maintaining morale. I passed in Petrograd with a sanitary train, posing as a Russian doctor. Enrolled in the Serbian division with Russian command, she returned with her to the front. After September 1916 transferred to a junior officer in the 2 nd Czechoslovak regiment soon he became the commander of the company, then - the battalion. In Ukraine, he joined the Czechoslovak legions created there, in the spring of 1917, after the battle of Zborov, where Gayda showed personal courage and heroism was awarded for this officer`s Cross of St. George 4-th degree, was given command of the 7th Regiment of the Czechoslovak Corps. Attended May 20, 1918 at the Congress of the delegates of all parts of the body in Chelyabinsk, where he was selected in the War Council to coordinate disparate groups of the body and communicating with the local anti-Bolshevik groups. Being a member of the Czechoslovak Corps, on the night of May 25, 1918 the first in the Czechoslovak Corps, with the rank of captain, he lifted the successful uprising in Novonikolaevsk surrounded and arrested by the local Soviet of Workers, Peasants `and Soldiers` Deputies. He has attained great successes and made a meteoric career, becoming one of the most prominent military leaders. The commander of one of the parts of the Siberian groups Czechoslovak Corps (4500). His troops took part in the battles Maryanovsky 24 - May 28, 1918 at Omsk, during which the Bolsheviks had suffered a major defeat, predetermined the fall of Omsk, taken by his troops June 7, 1918 His power June 10, 1918 joined Omsk to Chelyabinsk grouping Czechoslovak corps, and July 11, 1918 - met with the Trans-Baikal near Irkutsk Siberian group Diterikhs groups. He played a prominent role in the capture of the Trans-Siberian Railway in June - July 1918 and was instrumental in establishing power in Omsk West Siberian Commissariat. Having played his retreat near Irkutsk in July - August 1918, he lured superior Red forces ambushed and defeated them. It took vital for whites Circum-Baikal tunnels, keep them intact, to prevent the destruction. He made a quick maneuver through Baikal, dealing a devastating blow to the Bolsheviks in their rear. August 7, 1918, together with the troops Pepelyaeva defeated a large red squad on the Baikal Front. This event went down in history as "a disaster for the Ambassadors." For victory in VostochnoySibiri he received the rank of colonel, then - Major General. Made friends with the SRs, joined the supporters of the Siberian Regional Duma. In August 1918, he ordered Semenov and Croatia to come to him and threatened for failing a court-martial. Horvath has fulfilled his orders, Semenov - no, insisting on the withdrawal of Guides from the post of commander of the Siberian Army, Vologda promised to replace A. Pepelyaev. A. Pepeliaev began between Hyde and Semenov mediator in pacifying them. Gaida invited Semenov and Pepelyaeva for lunch, which they were. Semenov was invited to return Hyde lunch where they have eliminated the misunderstanding between them. This was largely due to the approach of the Japanese cavalry Semenov. Gajda has denied any involvement in the order that caused the conflict. Unsuccessfully sought in August - September 1918, his appointment commander of anti-Bolshevik forces in Siberia. His support in this part of the ministers, who hoped through the appointment Gayda instead Ivanova-Rinow get US support. In September 1918, - General - Major General, commander of the 2nd Czechoslovak division. He played a positive role in eliminating ODS, having received from A. Pepelyaeva arrested for interfering in the affairs of Siberia Gloss. He was nominated for the post of Commander of the Siberian Army September 21, 1918 in Vladivostok, Gins and Vologda after their convictions in this lieutenant Kalashnikov. From October 1918 to January 1919, headed by the Ekaterinburg team Siberian army troops (22 thousand infantry and cavalry). He was a Russophile among the troops of the Czechoslovak Corps. Largely thanks to him that the Russian troops (People`s Army Komuch and others) that were under the control of the Czechs and Slovaks, passed in November 1918 on the side of Kolchak. A supporter of the dictatorship in the fight against the Bolsheviks. Commander Kolchak Siberian Army, Lieutenant-General. Under his command, taken from the Bolsheviks in March 1919 Okhansk and Wasp, achieved communication with the troops of the Northern Region, in April taken Sarapul and Izhevsk. In conflict with the chief of staff of Kolchak - Lebedev, expressing general dissatisfaction with him in Siberia for the failure of the spring offensive in 1919 during the advance of the Red Army in May - June 1919 continued their own offensive in the north in the center of the front, took the eye, but soon He was forced to also begin to retreat, blaming the Lebedev and Khanzhin. His demoted and departure from Siberia as a military adventurer demanded Stefanek Minister of Czechoslovakia (Stefanek) at the end of 1918, but under the pressure of the environment Kolchak refused it, predicting the death of the White cause in the east of Russia because of the Guides. For intrigue and disobeying orders relieved of his command, otpravilsyana Far East "in a foreign vacation" in July 1919, a special train from Kolchak received 70 thousand francs in gold. According to one version, I tried to take it enormous value. Arriving in August 1919 in Vladivostok, he was one of the leaders antikolchakovskogo movement organized by the Socialist-Revolutionaries, making contact with Medvedev, Moravian, Yakushev, Krakovetskiy, Boldyrev, Croatia. With Zhernakova, Zakharov, Yudin and other leaders of the SRs contacted through his orderly Molotkovsky. Contact these rarely implemented. Gaida November 17, 1919 made an unsuccessful attempt to seize power in Vladivostok, seized by the troops of General Rozanov, but released at the disposal of the command of the Czechoslovak Corps under the pressure of "allies." During the negotiations for his release Gajda was forced to leave in the hands of the Rozanov his followers captured the Whites. In December 1919, he went to Czechoslovakia. In 1924 there came his memoirs. On gold, rescued from Russia, along with other prominent members of the organized Legiobank Prague. Prepared fascist coup, exposed, prosecuted, demoted. During the occupation of Czechoslovakia by Germany - collaborator, Czech fascist. Arrested in June 1945 SMERSH. Convicted of action in the 1918 - 1919 biennium. in the Soviet Union, with the support of the war in Germany against the Soviet Union. The verdict of the court hanged.

Conversation with Kolchak

... Gajda treated while in Vologda on the appointment of himself Chief of the Russian and Czech armed forces operating on the territory of Siberia to government sanctioned his authority. "How would you react to this? - He asked me. I said, "For me, the issue of subordination of one or another armed force is always determined by practical. I do not know the composition of the Russian forces, if you are more organized and strategically is of great value, it is quite natural that the command must belong to you.

If the ratio is changed in the direction of Russian, the Russian command has to be - otherwise you can not solve the problem in any way. Tell me, what directory and what does it represent? "He says:" This generation will certainly not viable. I do not believe that this directory could combine all of the Russian and the forces acting here, in Siberia, and in another territory. I personally think that it can not, and I am informed that the Omsk Government refers in general to this venture is negative. Vologda But he became a member of the Directory, and thus appeared as if in submission. " I said, "What kind of power under these circumstances would you consider the best?" - "I, - he says, - I think that in this period and in these conditions, there can be only a military dictatorship." I said, "The military dictatorship, first of all, involves the army, upon which the dictator, and therefore, it may be only the power of the person in possession of the army. But this person does not exist, because it does not even have a common command. For the dictatorship is necessary, first of all, a large military name that the army believed that she would know, and only in such an environment as possible. Dictatorship is military control, and it is based, after all, entirely on military force. And once this military force there is, how do you create this dictatorship? ". To this he says to me: "Of course, this is - the question of the future tense, because right now is still in the period of creation, development. But I personally believe that it is - the only way out, which only can be. " In this conversation we parted.

AV Kolchak.

Minutes of the meeting of special commission of inquiry in the case of Kolchak. (Transcript). The meeting of the Extraordinary Commission of Inquiry January 23, 1920 Op. in the book .: The neighborhood Kolchak: documents and materials. Compiled by Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor AV Kvakina. Moscow, 2007. Pp. 425-426.

DV Filat about Haidee

... A certain Gajda, the one that was tried recently in Prague for espionage in favor of the Bolsheviks. Hyde began his military career as a medical assistant in the Austrian army, found remarkable military abilities, and was produced during the war in the first officer`s rank. Together with other Czechs, he was captured by us and continued his service in one of the Czech part on our front. In Siberia, he quickly reached the rank of general and was one of the few Czech superiors that advocated the continuation of the fight with the Czechs Russian anti-Bolshevik. His ambition and thirst for dominion had no limit. He possessed great political flair and with skill converge with social elements. His bold plan and the energy he completely subdued naive Admiral Kolchak, who believed Hyde his faithful and devoted friend.

However, the Czechs themselves Hyde knew better, and to the request for permission to go to the Russian service of the Czech Minister of Stefanek, who was in Omsk, said, "Take it, but I warn you that you are wrong in it. It will either be your field marshal, or your a traitor. "

DV Filatov. The disaster of the White movement in Siberia: 1818-1922 gg. Impressions eyewitness. - Paris, 1985. 144 p. Here he quoted from the book .: The neighborhood Kolchak: documents and materials. Compiled by Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor AV Kvakina. M., 2007, pp 221-222.