Pietro Bembo (Pietro Bembo) (May 20, 1470, Venice - January 18, 1547, Rome) - Italian humanist scholar and Cardinal.
Pietro Bembo was born in a noble Venetian patrician family, his first teacher was his father, Bernardo, Practicing humanistic traditions and occupied high positions in the Republic of Venice. Since 1478 he lives with his family in Florence. Pietro well checkered languages, he quickly learned the Tuscan dialect, later Latin and Greek in Messina to the famous connoisseur of Greek culture at the time of Constantine Lascaris. Pietro took holy orders, but devoted himself to science and lived in Ferrara, Urbino and Rome, where he became a prominent member of the Academy scientists Aldus Manutius. In 1513 Bembo became secretary of Pope Leo X, on the pontificate of Adrian VI and Clement VII returned to Padua, where his mistress lived Morosini. Until his death in 1535 Morosini Bembo gave birth to three children, but he never married her, not wanting to give up their lucrative church offices. In 1529 Pietro Bembo became historian of the Venetian Republic, and from 1530 he was the head library of St. Mark. In 1539 he received the title of cardinal, and the Bishopric of Gubbio in 1541 Cardinal Pietro Bembo thanks to its versatile education was considered a long time as a candidate for pope.
In the vast literary heritage Bembo (tracts, letters, dialogues, the story of Venice in 1487 for the 1513 verses), the most celebrated were "Azolanskie conversations" - dialogues in Italian in prose and verse. First published in 1505, "Azolanskie conversation" over which Bembo continued to work in the following years, repeatedly reprinted (in the XVI century. There were more than twenty of their publications) and have received wide recognition. His essay devoted Bembo famous Lucrezia Borgia may have inspired him to create "Azolanskih conversations." They affect a profound effect Neo-Platonic philosophy of love and beauty: the emphasis is placed on the divine origin of beauty, to the gradual transformation of sensual love in the spiritual. Bembo acted as theoretical problems of formation of the Italian language. In his treatise "The arguments in prose of the national language" (1525) he defended the advantages of the Tuscan dialect, which saw the foundation of the Italian literary language, and encouraged to apply to the language of Petrarch and Boccaccio. In the style of Petrarch wrote many lyrical poems Bembo, who became the ancestor of poetry petrarkizma. Fans of the great poet poetry in Italy and its borders - in England, France, Poland, Dalmatia - cultured style of Petrarch, the dimensions of poetry, but especially - the range of feelings of love, complementing its idealized schemes in the spirit of neo-Platonic philosophy.