Pierre Bayle

Picture of Pierre Bayle

Date of Birth: 11/18/1647

Age: 59

Place of birth: Karl-le-Comte

Citizenship: France


Bailey, Pierre (Bayle, Pierre) (1647-1706), French philosopher, historian and critic of religious dogma. Born November 18, 1647 in Karl-le-Comte in the south of France. Calvinist, like his father, a pastor, he was converted to Catholicism while studying at the University of Toulouse (1669), but a year later returned to their original convictions. Later he studied in Geneva, served as a tutor, become a professor of philosophy at the Protestant Sedanskoy Academy (1675-1681). He was forced to leave France and settle in Rotterdam, when Louis XIV closed the Academy in 1681. He was influenced by Montaigne and Descartes, as well as other representatives of the "new" philosophy. In Holland Bayle taught (he was a professor at the University of Rotterdam until 1693), and wrote a lot, winning popularity among scientists and the reputation of a tireless fighter for the freedom of thought and religious tolerance, including in relation to the atheists. Published the magazine "News of the literary republic