Date of Birth: 07/02/1700
Place of Birth: La Neuville-au-Pont
first royal geographer
Philip Byuash was born February 7, 1700 in the town of La Neuville-au-Pont (La Neuville-au-Pont) in the north-east of France (France). He studied architecture and in 1721 won the Royal Academy of Architecture (Academie royale d `architecture), a scientific society founded by King Louis XIV (Louis XIV). This award was the forerunner of the Rome Prize (Prix de Rome).
Byuash year he studied at the French Academy in Rome (Academie de France a Rome). In addition, he studied under the geographer Guillaume Delisle (Guillaume Delisle), whose daughter he married, and which in 1730 was replaced in his position at the Academy of Sciences (Academie des sciences).
In 1729 he was appointed chief Byuash royal geographer.
The main merit of Philip Byuasha was the division of the world by the seas and river systems, dependent on each other. Innovations Byuasha, though certainly not always correct, much advanced geography as the science forward and in many ways made it popular with the general public.
Curiously, Byuash believed in the existence of a southern continent, and later confirmed this hypothesis open other navigators. Careful examination of cards led him to the conclusion that there must be a transition between America (America) and Asia (Asia) in the Bering Strait (Bering strait), and Byuash put on their cards peninsula, later called Alaska (Alaska) and the Aleutian Islands (Aleutian islands) before opening them.
Carefully read the story of Admiral de Fuente (Admiral de Fuente), Byuash drew a map of the eastern coast of North America (North America), then virtually unexplored, and this card is used seafarers.
In 1754 Byuash published `Physical atlas` (Atlas physique), and a few years later wrote extensive memoirs.
His nephew was Jean-Nicolas Byuash (Jean-Nicolas Buache, 1741-1825), who also served as a royal geographer.
Philip Byuash died in Paris (Paris) January 24, 1773.
Among his works are the key works in the history of geography as a `Considerations geographiques et physiques sur les decouvertes nouvelles dans la grande mer` (Paris, 1754); `Le parallele des fleuves des quatre parties du monde pour servir a determiner la hauteur des montagnes` (1757); `Memoire sur la traversee de la mer glaciale arctique` (1759) and `Considerations geographiques sur les terres australes et antarctiques` (1761).