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Philipp Bouhler

Picture of Philipp Bouhler

Date of Birth: 11/11/1899

Age: 45

Place of birth: Munich

Citizenship: Germany

Background

Born in Munich in the family of a retired colonel. In 1912 he entered the Royal Bavarian cadet corps and in July 1916 was released fanenyunkerom in the Army. During the First World War with the July 6, 1916 he served in the 1st Bavarian artillery regiment fanenyunkerom non-commissioned officer, July 17, 1917 was promoted to lieutenant. He was seriously wounded in August 1917 and at the same time discharged from the army with the rank of Oberleutnant. For military distinctions awarded the Prussian "Iron Cross" 2nd class and the Bavarian Order "For Military Merit" 4th class with swords. In 1919-1920 he listened 4 semesters of philosophy at the University of Munich. In 1919 - a member of the nationalist German People`s shooting and offensive alliance.

In 1921 he joined the NSDAP. Since November 1921 he worked in the main newspaper of the NSDAP "Volkischer Beobachter". Since 1922 - deputy manager of the NSDAP Max Amann. After the failed "Beer Hall Putsch" in 1924 was managing the affairs of Germany once the national soobschestva.V 1925-1934 - Imperial Clerk Party (Reichsgeschaftsf & # 252; hrer der NSDAP). In 1932 he published a biography of Hitler. In June 1933 he was elected to the Reichstag by the South Westphalia. April 20, 1933 joined the SS (ticket number 54932), and received the rank of SS Gruppenfuhrer. In 1933, he was appointed Commissioner of Cultural Affairs in the Nazi Party Chancellery party. On September 1, 1934 - President of Munich policeman. November 17, 1934, after the establishment of the Office of the leader of the party, was appointed its chief. Bowler also headed the Commission for the Protection of National Socialist literature in the Nazi Party Chancellery. The commission determines which works are suitable for Nazi society, and which are not. On April 4, 1936 - a member of the Imperial Senate culture.

The Office of the leader of the party provided the personal needs of Adolf Hitler spent processing incoming to his name of party affairs (if they were outside the competence of other services), including the Nazis considered the question of pardoning convicted by sentencing Party vessels or vessels with a total yuridiktsii. The Office was also involved in the processing Bowler coming in the name of Hitler`s correspondence from ordinary Germans, which contained a request for financial assistance or even kakoy-libo, various proposals, as well as greetings and wishes for the birthday of Adolf Hitler. In addition, in the Office of the leader of the party was part of Adolf Hitler Adyutantura headed younger brother, chief of Party Chancellery Martin Bormann, Albert Bormann. During the war, the impact Bowler Adolf Hitler conceded unless the influence of Martin Bormann.

September 1, 1939 Hitler ordered him to carry out the euthanasia program was carried out during which the destruction of the mentally ill and physically handicapped people. It is estimated that in the course of the Nazi euthanasia program, about 70 thousand people were killed. The experience and knowledge gained in the implementation of the program of euthanasia later became used for mass extermination in the Nazi concentration camps.

April 23, 1945, while in the south of Germany, together with GG Lammers and General Karl Koller supported the initiative taken by Goering G.Geringa the functions of head of the government, because of the impossibility of Hitler from Berlin to lead the country. On the same day on the orders of M. Bormann F. Bowler with G. Hering, GG Lammers and K. Koller was arrested by the SS detachment on charges of treason. M. Bormann in a special telegram to the chief of the RSHA E. Kaltenbrunner ordered the execution of traitors, but the order was not executed. May 5, 1945 a detachment of SS guards gave conspirators units of the Luftwaffe, after which they were immediately released.

Bowler and his wife committed suicide May 19, 1945, cyanide poisoning, after they had been detained by US forces and taken to the Dachau concentration camp.