Philip Herbert

Picture of Philip Herbert

Date of Birth: 05/01/1652

Age: 31

Citizenship: United Kingdom


Philip Herbert, 7th Earl of Pembroke, 4th Earl of Montgomery, was born on January 5, 1652 th and 1653rd. He grew up in Wiltshire estate of Earl of Pembroke of the Herbert kind. Philip was the son of Philip Herbert, 5th Earl of Pembroke, from his second marriage. 5th Earl of Pembroke, married for the second time - Catherine Villiers (Katherine Villiers), daughter of Sir William Villiers (William Villiers) and his wife Rebecca Roper (Rebecca Roper).

Grandma Herbert maternal line was the first wife of the 4th Earl, and his half-grandmother was Anne Clifford (Anne Clifford), the daughter of George Clifford (George Clifford), 3rd Earl of Cumberland, and the widow of Richard Sackville (Richard Sackville), 3- Earl of Dorset. Growing up, his regression Herbert soon began to compare with his grandfather, Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke, although grandson later proved himself a more somber side.

July 8, 1674-th, at the age of 22 years, Herbert succeeded his elder brother William, Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery Count. 17 December of the same year he married Henriette de Kerual (Henrietta de K & # 233; roualle), sister of the mistress` merry korolya` Charles II (Charles II), Louise de Kerual (Louise de K & # 233; roualle). However, their marriage was childless.

Philip served as a so-called custodian of the scrolls (Custos Rotulorum) in Pembrokeshire (Pembrokeshire) and Glamorgan (Glamorgan), starting with the 1647-th, and then May 20, 1648 th until his death - Keeper of the Rolls and Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire (Wiltshire) .

In 1677 th he almost killed a man in a duel. January 28, 1678 the first, Charles II ordered Herbert concluded in Tower of London (Tower of London) `for uttering loud horrible and blasphemous words, which simply can not be repeated in any Christian Assembly, as well as other proven bogohulstva`. Philip sent a request for help to the House of Lords, denying all charges and praying that his colleagues` would not believe the charge because of the applicant is not capable of such a terrible prestuplenie`. Lords contributed to the release of Herbert, although its main patrons were seven bishops and the Duke of York. Then the king gave the Count freedom on 30 January.

Less than a week later, on January 5, a man complained to the House of Lords that Herbert napalna him in the Strand (Strand), and Herbert Chamber ordered to pay the injured party ? 2,000 to keep the peace. However, by the time the hot Earl had already killed a man named Nathaniel Coney (Nathaniel Cony) in a brawl in a tavern - and a few days later a grand jury Middlesex (Middlesex) accused him of murder.

April 4, 1678-th Philip was judged equal in position along with it people. He was found guilty of premeditated murder (eighteen votes to six), but guilty of manslaughter. He was released from prison after paying all duties assigned to him. Yet the chairman of the court of peers, the Duke of Ormond, Herbert cautioned that `His Grace would not hurt to pay attention to the fact that no one because of its position can not double-emerge unscathed if land in similar situatsiyu`.

October 17, 1678 th Sir Edmund Godfrey (Edmund Godfrey), which is Herbert pursued for murder, was found dead in a ditch on Primrose Hill, pierced by his own sword. This unexplained death caused a storm of indignation against the Roman Catholics. John Dickson Carr (John Dickson Carr), arguing in his book on the death of Godfrey, came to the conclusion that it was Herbert dealt with him for revenge. This theory is supported by the latest historian Hugh Ross Williamson (Hugh Ross Williamson).

August 18, 1680 th 7th Earl of Pembroke William killed SMIS (William Smeeth), the watch commander, after a drunken evening at Turnham Green. June 21, 1681 th Middlesex grand jury re-filed Herbert charged with murder - and this time he could not even think about the fact that the matter will be hushed up because of his high position. Yet his clemency petition, directed to the king, signed twenty-four representative of the aristocracy. The king granted the pardon.

The English writer John Aubrey (John Aubrey) said that Herbert was in Wiltshire mastiff 52, 30 hounds, a few bears and a lion. However, the inner circle of the graph, there are about 60 people, it was far more bestial than all these animals.

Philip Herbert died on August 29, 1683-th. He was buried on the territory of the Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary. His legacy passed to his brother Thomas (Thomas).