Petr Vologodskiy

Picture of Petr Vologodskiy

Date of Birth: 01/30/1863

Age: 65

Place of birth: a. Kuryshinskoe

Citizenship: Russia


In 1885, he attracted the attention of police relations with one of the leaders of the St. Petersburg revolutionary group Velizhinskim Henry. It meets Yadrintsev. He walks to his rallies, February 8, 1886 Vologda attended a meeting, held at Yadrintseva, he was among the students who are temporarily removed from the university on the day of the anniversary of the university. In 1887 belonged to the "Siberian mug", is seen in dealing with members of the "circle of the Kuban and the Don." Excluded from the university in 1887 "for the behavior of the general disapproval" to the deprivation of the right to act again in schools, live in St. Petersburg and the province and with the subordination of secret surveillance. In 1888 in Irkutsk been searched due to suspicion of Vologda in correspondence with politically unreliable persons. Among the revolutionaries had the nickname of "Owl".

In July and October 1888 his application to the authorities for permission to re-take exams for university admission, the right to be a candidate at the University of Kazan, were rejected. Vologda managed to get permission to hold public examinations in 1889 (according to other sources, in 1892) at Kharkov University for the title of Candidate of law, after the successful completion of which he served in the Office of the judicial desk steppes Governor General, then, in 1893 - a judge in the town of Vern and fellow Semipalatinsk regional prosecutor. He served in the Office of Justice "by master" deputy prosecutor. When administered in Siberia legal regulations in 1897 moved to the attorneys, and has since remained in that position, being repeatedly elected to the board members of the jury vice-chairman of the board. Represented at the Congress of the Tomsk Duma rural and urban workers in Moscow. In the early twentieth century - one of the leaders of the Siberian regionalists. In 1900 he applied for permission to publish a newspaper in Tomsk "Siberian speech". In 1903, together with Gratsianovym, Zagibalovym, Timofeyev and others organized a partnership on equal footing for the publication of the newspaper of the SR direction "Siberian Journal", closed by the government in 1905. In November 1905 Vologda was delegated to the Congress of rural and urban workers. Throughout the activity evolves in the views of the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries to the Cadets in 1919 According to the Head of the Police Department of Tomsk, at that time belonged to the Socialist-Revolutionary Party. He played a prominent role among the SRs Tomsk City Duma. It was in the Siberian Union of Socialist Revolutionaries.

As a defender, Vologda acted in a number of major political developments: protecting participants Tomsk anti-government demonstration in 1905, chairman of the council of workers` deputies of Krasnoyarsk railway workshops and other, he acted in the case of the known Tomsk pogrom. Many of their clients PV Vologda saved them from threatening the death penalty, including Derbera, open and courageous opponent of which he has always been. The independence of opinion and democratic views of the Vologda repeatedly brought on him the wrath of the autocratic bureaucracy: it is subject to administrative expulsion, arrest, search, was under police surveillance. Vologda was until 1918 a vigorous public employee and a prominent journalist, was a board member of various educational charities and transparent Tomsk City Council, from which he was delegated to the Congress of rural and urban workers in Moscow. He was then elected to the 2nd State Duma of Tomsk progressives, but the dissolution of the State Duma found him on the road to St. Petersburg.

In 1917, in the first days after the February Revolution, Vologda was elected a member of the Tomsk provincial commissariat, and in August of the same year he, as a lawyer, use public sympathy and the public trust, was charged as senior chairman of the Omsk Court of Justice. After the October Revolution of 1917, he participated in the preparation of the uprising of the school of ensigns in Omsk. On the abolition of the judicial institutions of the Bolsheviks, Vologda, wanting to help preserve law and order in the environment of the Siberian Cossack troop ships, he took the election of the chairmen of the Army Court organized by the Cossacks in the spring of 1918 in contrast to the so-called "national" (Bolshevik) courts. When the Bolsheviks joined the cooperative, making Bolshevik Tribunal made it mandatory for nachet for him the issue of salaries to employees of the judicial chambers, left court and was acquitted by the Bolsheviks in their court. Journalistic activities Vologda PV expressed in numerous articles in the Siberian legal topics that the author is widely published in publications such as, for example, "Eastern Review", "right", "Russian Wealth", "Siberian Life", "Siberian bulletin", "Siberian questions" and others. During the Civil War, and after the actual end of diary presented in this collection. During the period of Soviet power in Siberia he edited the newspaper "Dawn" in the city of Omsk, and after it was closed by the Bolsheviks - Co-operative Magazine "Labor Siberia". As a native Siberian, Vologda PV It was strongly committed to the ideas of regionalism and belonged to one of the most active supporters of the Siberian autonomy.

On the night of 25 on January 26, 1918 elected the foreign minister in the government Derbera in an underground meeting of the Siberian Regional Duma in Tomsk without his consent. Until the summer of 1918 did not know about his election, quietly lived until the overthrow of the Soviet government, whose representatives also did not know that the government of Vologda went Derbera. Until the end of May 1918 resided in Omsk.

Since the end of May 1918 - the active worker of the anti-Bolshevik Siberia. Since June 1918 - Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Provisional Siberian Government (GSP). I determined at this time, on the advice of his friends and public figures, the government. According to GK Hins, it was a sincere and consistent politician tushivshim contradictions in the government. Thanks to its "enormous tranquility" for GK Hins, disarmed aggressive enemies. In the summer of 1918 I received an invitation from the government Derbera - Lavrov enter into its composition, arrived in Vladivostok refused. At this time, lived in the house of the Vologda, "Socialist-Revolutionaries" and Shatila Golovachev, monopolized then communicate with them by and provided to decision-making on an issue of great influence. So, they will utter, almost was sacked in early September Hins, although he intended to travel with him to the Far East. For a long time I did not comment specifically on the question of the Brest peace, waiting, on the advice of Golovacheva who wins. He played for the government`s move to Tomsk. The severity of the work was premiered GSP because his deputy - Krutovsky - almost did not show up at government meetings, Vologda and had specially invited him to them. To attend a meeting of eminent persons in Siberia in August 1918

In the conflict between Komuch and GSP called for concessions Samara to achieve the conditions of association of anti-Bolshevik governments. He opposed the independence of Siberia from Russia. In August 1918, having received information about the high-handedness of the Guides Semenov and other Russian commanders, he promised to replace it Pepelyaev. Opened the 1st meeting of the Siberian Regional Duma (SOD), saying in her address, the Siberian army and Czechs welcome speech, expressing the hope that the functioning of the ODS indicates stabilization in Siberia. To attend its sessions, during which subjected pressur uw leaders SRs - Krol, Feldman, Goldberg and others were trying to achieve to prevent entry in the directory and the resignation Grishin-Almazov and I. Mikhailova. According to GK Gins, due to the softness of the nature of Vologda, the Socialist-Revolutionaries, in fact, succeeded in his derogation of GSP and recognition SOD authority of supreme power. The Governing Council pressured him and Vologda was forced to try to subdue the ODS government unsuccessfully pressed Yakushev by a note left them unattended. Then Vologda criticized Yakushev and SOD for: disorganization of the Duma, which began without checking the mandates of deputies and without electing its Bureau, the adoption of regulations and laws that could introduce a GSP, legislative changes in the composition of the Duma. It is August 15, 1918 showed that SOD has lost this legal function, evaluating its actions "curiosity", because I thought that if it was the 1st rather than 2nd believed SRs session; that the fundamental laws adopted by a thought, even in the presence of only half of the deputies; that the seat was not legally defined SOD. Delivered August 20, 1918 for the completion of ODS "propertied elements" in order to reduce the influence of the Socialist-Revolutionaries in it.

In response to Yakushev protest on this issue to argue with him did not, and has approved this decision and left the other members of the GSP in the organized specifically for this GK Hins picnic. On the same day, along with a telegram Golovachev denied the accusation Wolski Omsk to separatism and expressed his willingness to join in the fight against Bolshevism, wishing to eliminate the administrative border between Komuch and the GSP, thereby eliminating customs and monetary confusion of the two anti-Bolshevik governments. Speaking for the resignation Grishin-Almazov September 5, 1918, as before that believed that the prime minister does not respect and is committed to Bonapartism. With great difficulty, he settled arising due care Grishin-Almazov government crisis. According to Gins, at this time he had clearly thought out program.

In September - October 1918 made a trip to Baikal, the Far East - Vladivostok and Harbin for submission to local state entities GSP, he failed. In Irkutsk, I met with Kudryavtsev and Novoselov, made them waiver on power. In Chita, he met with Semenov, achieving complete loyalty from him and prevent the violence from his side of the opposition. Arrived September 20, 1918 in Vladivostok, where he was enthusiastically met by the local community. The authority of Vologda in society was so strong that in Primorye Derber sought to show that Prime GSP acts on its behalf. Insisted 21 September 1918 on the candidacy Gayda as commander in chief of the Siberian army in the hope that the Czechs will remain until the end with him and he will come to the aid of allies. During this visit, it became clear that the Japanese representatives are showing ill, often not even willing to meet with him. At a meeting with one of them - Matsudaira - nothing definite could not achieve it. Having learned about the arrests of ministers and SRs Novoselov murder in Omsk, supported by actions Mikhailova arrest Volkova. Rejected the demand of local SRs restore their authority in connection with the Omsk event September 21, 1918

Instructed to Ufa State Conference GSP representatives not to rush with the organization of the Directory, insisting on developing precise regulation of its activity. Asked Yakushev telegram delay the ODS delegation to go, in spite of previous agreements to Ufa State Conference, but did not. At this time, the SRs spread of Vologda to the Allies and the public rumors that he is a "hypocrite". Patushinsky tried to get the Vologda return to the GSP, but Prime Minister refused him, explaining it by the desire to save the Government`s credibility. Learning about the intervention of SOD in the WWW work, I decided to suspend its activities. In September 1918, he led the long and difficult negotiations with Croatia, which was previously planned, with the release of Siberia by the Bolsheviks, Vologda included in their government, but agreed to be authorized by the Supreme GSP in the Far East. The difficulty of the negotiations with Croatia was not in the position of the general, but because of the pressure exerted on him, "stockbrokers" who refused submission to his "socialist Vologda". In turn, Prime Minister of GSP pressured Zemstvos. Signed September 27, 1918 with the delegation of Croatia unpublished decision to recognize directors and delivery horvatovskomu Business Management Cabinet Far East Russia.

Signed 30 September 1918 a resolution on the merger of the Business units of Croatia and the Cabinet of the GSP. At the same time, pledging obedience to the lead edge of the power of the WWW, Vologda did not give him this special powers and forces for pressure on Atamans. In Harbin, I met with almost all major local actors and high commissioners allies, including Charles Elliot. Amur government Alekseevskogo he did not touch it, anticipating it to fall because of economic difficulties as a result of the environment of its territory GSP. To complete the mission of the GSP in the Far East left the Deputy Minister of Foreign VE Graves. The overall success of the Vologda trip to the Far East was largely provided by GK actions Gins. The role of the prime minister of GSP was to complement the projects drawn up by the Executive Secretary of.

Arrived October 18, 1918 in Omsk. Offended that Avksentyev was not met at the station, a grudge against him on suspicion of plotting a coup. He insisted on the election as the Chief of the anti-Soviet forces in the strip of alienation CEL autumn of 1918 Kadlec.

Delivered November 5, 1918 for the abolition of the state independence of Siberia and the association with other anti-Bolshevik governments. Elected directors. First outlined in an interview with the program directory, called primary objectives of the government to create an effective, clear, centralized management system and the courts, the decision of the agrarian and labor issues, receive assistance from the Allies, the involvement of the population and, above all, the intelligentsia, the political life of the White Siberia. The Governing Council of the GSP "in commemoration of the outstanding merits" decided to assign him the title of honorary citizen of Siberia. He became the second, after Potanin, "honorary citizen of Siberia." Considered the "walking encyclopedia of Siberia."

Filed November 18, 1918 to hold office after the coup Kolchak, but under public pressure right back to the government. Avksentyev reduced the role of the Vologda Omsk to "pawn in the hands of adventurers." In voting against the post of Supreme Ruler voted for Croatia. Chairman of the Kolchak Government Ministers Council on 18 November 1918 in the course of the year. Memorandum "Council of Ministers", the author of which is presumed to be Zhardetsky discovered SRs arrest Kolchak and ended up then in the hands of the Bolsheviks, so draws Vologda: "He has always been and is a continuous obstacle that must be overcome every day, obstacle provincialism, narrow-mindedness, stubbornness and resentment. " In private use, according to many of his knowledgeable individuals, this soft-hearted and kind person. "For many years of his life in the deep province of Tomsk, in a world of small affairs, intrigue, gossip, provincial drinking parties and card games, in an atmosphere of spiritual coarseness, naivety and simplicity, fatally determined his level. This is - an old provincial lawyer, undeveloped, indecisive, intellectually vulgar. In the political work it is prone to the most unsatisfactory compromise meant to lightly-mechanical compromise. It has a fair amount of perseverance and personal prejudice. The range of his sympathies provincial and chalk. In addition, higher than this range, it refers to the suspicion and distrust county businessman. Debt statehood and complex conventions of the State language for his dark and inaccessible. The course of events in which he was not the creator, he made quite a strong external position. His name turned out to sing abroad by telegraph. In this sense, it knows without knowing, the foreigners, for which he - a symbol of progressive politics, as opposed to Mikhailov.

PV Vologda in matters of domestic policy more accessible than dangerous. Thinking he is very inclined to support the idea of ??a Siberian most of its people in the Council of Ministers. All personal combinations for the Council of Ministers it will be fatal to maintain the most unsatisfactory and mediocre. In all matters that are present in the control, it will look for a position, the most dilute and internally insignificant, taking its limitations for the vision. On the other hand, in matters of foreign, being, at least temporarily granted to himself, he, are so misguided, can make some great evil. Careless and clumsy chatter was not just in this area has created a dangerous situation. "

In December 1918, in connection with the departure of Klyuchnikova, Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs prior to approval in this post Sukin. He was chairman of the meeting representatives of the Allies and the White Guards on the functioning of railways in Siberia. He was in a tense relationship with the representatives of the Ural and Orenburg Cossacks - Anisimov and Dutov.

At the time of the government crisis February 11, 1919, when Colonel accused Gattenberg Anisimov and VI Mikhailov failure to provide assistance in the Ural Cossacks and thereby undermining their combat capability, Vologda made on the side of the Minister of Internal Affairs, not allowing his departure from government. Not providing assistance Orenburg Cossacks prime published unverified and discrediting their articles in "Siberian Life" and "Our Zor". Summoned for this Dutov Anisimov and May 16, 1919 to a duel, torn Kolchak. During scandal "case attorney Isaac" spoke at his side, despite the proof of that person`s major misconduct, exercising due to pressure him on the case of the initiator - General Matkowski and Kolchak.

By mid-1919 against the Vologda for his inactivity began to take shape in society opposition. In the summer of 1919 put forward several candidates to replace him, but he managed to stay in power because of the lack of the real contenders for the post Predsovmina, one of the chief among them was Balakshin. Much of this was due to the support of the Vologda Siberian Cossacks on Cossack Congress August 22, 1919, where he made, the captive of his eloquence, and the desire to separate Atamans see as prime weak policy. Accused GK Hins in the "rapid collapse of the authority of the civil power" because of its passivity.

According to the same Gins, "Vologda absent as Predsovmina", his role was limited to his own vote and counting of votes ministers. This was also Telberga wine, which, as manager of the government, could not help Vologda in his political work. At the same time, Telberg and opposed the appointment of a bitch GK Gins deputy prime minister, exerting pressure on the Vologda, that the government did not examined the project on the introduction of a friend predsovmina. Hins, believing that the quality of Vologda as the prime minister better than others at the head of the government, they insisted on keeping this position until the end. In November 1919 Vologda was forced to ask for the resignation of Kolchak and went to Irkutsk, where he was appointed chairman of the Commission on the development of provisions on elections to a new Constituent Assembly, and where he is, in fact, was inactive.

In January 1920, he was arrested SRs "Polittsentr", but after the issue with his hand gun 2 released. In February 1920, he emigrated to the Japanese military train in China, Harbin, knowing the decision on his arrest. In March 1920, he was forced to flee with his family deep into China, Dairen, when Maritime Zemstvo demanded his extradition as a reactionary and criminal. In exile, he worked on the CER, in the banking system.