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Petr Volkonskiy

Picture of Petr Volkonskiy

Date of Birth: 04/26/1776

Age: 76

Place of birth: St. Petersburg

Citizenship: Russia

Background

A descendant of the ancient princes Rurik, who belonged to the line Tarusa princes, grandsons of St. Michael of Chernigov, PM Volkonsky was born in St. Petersburg in the family of Brigadier Prince Mikhail Petrovich Volkonsky and Princess Elizabeth Makulovoy. Service began in the Horse Guards, and then was transferred to the Life Guards Semenov regiment, which in 1793 received the first officer`s rank. As from 1797 the regimental adjutant-sky Semenov regiment, he made friends with his chief of the Grand Duke Alexander Pavlovich and participated in the preparation of a palace revolution II in March 1801 that led Alexander to the throne. After the coup, Peter Volkonsky was promoted to Major General and was appointed assistant chief of the military camp of His Imperial Majesty`s Office, and on the day of the coronation of Alexander 1 became adjutant-general. In the campaign of 1805 Volkonsky was on duty General and Quartermaster-General, commander of Russian auxiliary corps Gen. FF Buksgevdenom, and after connecting with the main forces of the Russian army under the command of Mikhail Kutuzov - duty general united Russian-Austrian army. Under Austerlitz Volkonskiy distinguished, showing extraordinary courage and presence of mind. When the team of SM Kamensky, attacked Pratsenskie height, it was thrown superior forces, he took the banner Fanagoriyskaya regiment, went on the attack on the French. Fanagoriytsev supported Ryazhsky soldiers Infantry Regiment and in unison hit the enemy. Three times the French counterattacked and Russian cast them back three times. Kutuzov, in front of which all this happened, later wrote to Alexander 1: "In the battle of Austerlitz, Prince Volkonsky had dignity, koi when misfortune more visible than at the happy battle. He is not only distinguished for his bravery, but prudence and preservation of all necessary in such cases, composure, contributing at most three times the enemy fire to the meeting of people and Fanagoriyskaya Ryazhsky regiments with which I could retire in a certain order. " During this battle, Prince Volkonsky was awarded the Order of St.. George the 3rd degree.

At the end of military operations was accompanied by Peter M. Alexander 1 in the peace negotiations with Napoleon at Tilsit, after which was sent to France to study the experience of the French army and the French unit of the General Staff. Using Napoleon`s position, she accompanied him on all military maneuvers and parades.

In 1810-1812 gg. Volkonsky ruled Quartermaster; He became one of the organizers of the service of the General Staff. During these years, he led the development of the "Guide to the administration service officials Divisional General Staff", participated in the work on the "Institution for managing large current army." Peter M. Russia initiated the creation of maps and maps of some foreign countries, was the founder of the St. Petersburg Military Academy of the General Staff and kolonnovozhatyh library.

Since the beginning of the Patriotic War of 1812, Prince accompanied the emperor vdeystvuyuschuyu army and was among those who submitted their vote for the abandonment of fortified Drissa camp, nearly destroyed the entire army. After leaving Moscow, he was sent by the emperor to Kutuzov to ascertain all the circumstances of the surrender of the city. Then there was the troops X. P. Wittgenstein and PV Chichagova, participated in the Battle of Studzianka and defeating the remnants of Napoleon`s army at the Berezina. Since December 1812 Volkonsky was Chief of Staff of the army under Field Marshal Kutuzov, and after his death was under Alexander 1, and played an important role in the planning of military operations in foreign campaigns of the Russian army in 1813 - 1815., And especially in the battles of Kulm and Leipzig. Despite the opposition of the Austrian command, he insisted on the offensive allied troops on Paris and personally participated in his capture, accompanied Alexander 1 in Paris and at the Congress of Vienna. After the return of Napoleon from Elba to Prince Volkonsky has been in charge of the Russian troops from the Vistula to the Rhine as part of 225,000 people, but the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo by the allied forces stopped the movement of Russian corps to the French border.

In 1815-1823 gg. Volkonsky was the chief of the Imperial General Staff, and in fact headed the Russian army. In 1817. Volkonsky was given the rank of General of Infantry, from 1821, he became a member of the State Council and in 1823 was awarded the Order of St. Andrew, however, in the same year, after the collision .c Arakcheyev about estimates of the War Ministry, resigned. The following year returned to service and was sent ambassador extraordinary to France for the coronation of Charles X, and then accompanied the emperor in all his trips to Russia and Europe. In 1825, Peter M. was with the dying Alexander 1 in Taganrog.

Emperor Nicholas 1 on the day of his coronation appointed Peter Mikhailovich Minister of the Imperial Court and principalities and the head of the Imperial Cabinet. These posts Prince Volkonsky held until his death. August 30, 1834, the day of the opening of the Alexander Column, Volkonsky was granted the title of Grand Duke. In the reign of Nicholas 1, he held senior government and military positions: since 1837 - the inspector general of all spare troops from 1842 - Chancellor of the Russian Empire, and all the imperial orders; He participated in various government commissions and committees. From 1831 he was a member of the Commission for the construction of St. Isaac`s Cathedral in St. Petersburg, and in 1839 - its chairman. In 1850, PM Volkonsky received the rank of Field Marshal, before that did not give the Russian citizen for over twenty years.

According to contemporary accounts, differed Volkonskiy thoroughness and strength of character, for which he received the nickname "Stone Prince" in a secular society. He died in St. Petersburg and was buried in the church Vvedensky Guards Semenov regiment. He was married to his distant cousin Princess Sophia Grigorievna Volkonskaya and had two sons and a daughter.