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Petr Valuev

Picture of Petr Valuev

Citizenship: Russia

Background

Thanks to contacts, among other things, through his wife (he was married to Princess Vyazemskaya, daughter of the famous poet), hard work, knowledge of foreign languages, and the ability to speak and write official papers, but most of all thanks to the skillful maneuvering between the opposing currents, he made a brilliant career. In 1853 he was appointed governor of Courland. In 1855, Valuev wrote a note: "Russian Duma" (published in 1891 in "Russian Antiquities", number 5) and sent her manuscript to the Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich and other dignitaries, the advocates of reform. In that note, he argued that we "shine the top, bottom rot; in the works of our official verbiage there is no place for the truth is the law of branded insincerity ... Everywhere disregard and dislike the idea, moving without special orders, all custody early childhood;. all opposition government to the people, the private treasury, instead of the commemoration of their natural and inseparable ties Neglecting to each of us in particular, and for the human being at all at home in the laws ... ". All of our departments "exhibit boundless indifference to everything that thinks, feels or knows Russian ...". "Management brought by each individual part, to the highest degree of centralization, but the mutual relations of these parts are few and tenuous mass of cases now ascending to the main principalities, exceeds their strength They need should provide a significant portion of these cases on the arbitrariness of their offices... Thus the fate of the representations of the provincial chiefs and governors-general quite often does not depend on ministerial gentlemen, but by one or the other head clerks of the ministry. " Note attracted attention; Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich the official order of the Ministry of the Navy recommended that "a very remarkable note," and leading from it a few large exposures, ordered "to report these truthful words of the people and places of the Navy Department, from which at the beginning of next year we expect to report for the current year". In 1858, Valuev was appointed director of the 2nd Department of the Ministry of State Property, and then the Secretary of State. Without losing the Liberal Party sympathies, he was able to please and his closest supervisor, reactionaries and feudalists Muravevu. Ants often pinned on Valuev drafting of objections to the draft produced by the editorial committees; Valuev in his own words was "opposition pen" - that is the cause of the emancipation of the opposition. 7 January 1861 Valuev was appointed manager of the affairs of the Committee of Ministers, and on April 23 of the same year, put in charge of the Ministry of Internal Affairs instead of Lansky, who spent the peasant reform and ousted the feudal intrigue, with Muravyov headed. But the situation Muraveva about this time was severely shaken, and Valuev quickly changed it. In 1863, Valuev wrote and handed a note to Alexander II in which to prevent fermentation inside Russia and to prevent a possible intervention of the European powers to protect Poland recommended a reform of the public administration in the highest, but one that would leave intact the prerogatives of sovereignty. He recommended that members of the public, elected zemstvo assemblies for 2 - 4 at the province and city Dumas larger cities and invite the Council of State, but not always, as in the discussion of some specific cases. It was a project of the constitution connection bureaucratic autocracy. Note had no consequences. When he was Minister of the Interior Valuev two important reforms carried out: zemskaja 1864 and 1865 censorship Both reforms were half-hearted, and yet immediately after the elections he Valuev began to struggle with both the local boards, defending the prerogatives of the administration, and with the printing. Already in 1866 we began to appear novel to the censorship regulations, which embarrassed print more and more; new magazines and newspapers were allowed Valuev with extreme difficulty, and even from previously existing bodies Katkov and Aksakov, not to mention a liberal, were subjected to the warnings and prohibitions. In conjunction with the order of freedom, I understood kakego Valuev, the first had to constantly give second. March 9, 1868 he was dismissed from the post of Minister of Internal Affairs. The immediate reason for that was a lack of action to combat hunger. Being a member of the State Council, Valuev, however, was still in sight. In 1872 he was appointed Minister of State Property. In this position, Valuev has opened a question on the situation of agriculture in Russia and became the head of the so-called Valuev Commission, which had the purpose of studying it. The Commission has published several volumes of works, but practical results had. During Valuev Management Department on a large scale was the distribution of gift or for a small price treasury (Bashkirian) land in Ufa province. In 1877, Valuev was appointed chairman of the Committee of Ministers and at the same time chief superintendent of the Office of His Majesty`s adoption petitions. In 1879, Valuev again Alexander II gave his constitutional project in 1863, but this time without any positive results. February 19, 1880 Valuev granted the title of count. Until then Valuev as the chairman of the Committee of Ministers enjoyed considerable influence, but the elevation of Count Loris-Melikov, his resolute opponent, put an end to this influence. In addition, the audit Senator ME Kovalevsky discovered abuses in the distribution of Bashkir lands Ufa province; Valuev himself was not suspected for selfish purposes, but as a minister, he was responsible for the actions of their subordinates. October 4, 1881 Valuev was dismissed from the post of chairman of the Committee of Ministers, but has retained the title of member of the Council of State. This state activity Valuev ended. Received an unexpected leisure, Valuev engaged in literary activity, which was not a stranger before. In 1858, he published in the foreign semi-official organ of the Russian government "Nord": "Lettres sur l`affranchissement des paysans dans les provinces Baltiques" (these letters are translated in "Russian Messenger", 1858, number 1 and 2). In 1876 (when he was the Minister of State Property) Valuev in Berlin issued, signed by the "Russian", the brochure "Russian foreign journalists", dedicated to a sharp controversy with Samarin, Dmitriev, and Prince Koshelev Vasilchikova. In 1882 came the novel Valuev of high life, "Loring". In 1887 in the "Journal of Europe" published his novel "The Black Thief," in 1891 in "Russian Messenger" - "Princess Tatiana". Artistic talent Valuev is very insignificant, but it does have some powers of observation and some satirical vein; his story is very interesting in the negative with respect to the high society environment in which revolved Valuev life. In addition, Valuev put in the "Journal of Europe" (1888, number 3) article "The religious turmoil and persecution from V to XVII century.". He still belongs to "Collected short reverential readings for all days of the year." Some of his works were banned religious spiritual censorship as close to Protestantism. The most important literary works of the Valuev - his diary, which he kept from a very early time, almost to death. Printed in the "Russian Antiquities" in 1891 part of the diary relating to 1847 -. 60 years, in the "Journal of Europe" in 1907 - in 1880, in the book "The Last" (St. Petersburg, 1908.) - To 1881 - 84 years. Blog is very valuable as a historical material. Valuev discovers here a critical mind, strongly condemns the activities of the government in a very, very much, and, moreover, just for what he has been guilty of a very great extent - for the embarrassment of thought, bureaucracy, excessive centralization, etc. In 1879. ..., that is, when he was chairman of the Committee of Ministers, Valuev wrote in his diary: "I do not see the government`s mind, though I see pravitelstvovanie it seems to me that all the same in parts all crushes and falling apart, and I am powerless to collapse and. collapse put obstacles all the same feeling. I see what others do not seem to see. " In 1881 he wrote: "It is a pity our state Pharisees, even the most intelligent as Abaza and Solskiy". "It is felt that the soil zybletsya, the building is threatening the fall, but ordinary people do not seem to notice it - and the hosts vaguely smell evil, but they hide the inner anxiety."