Date of Birth: 08/15/1929
Peter Shelokhonov was born in Belarus in 1929. His ancestors came from Ukraine, Lithuania and Poland. Santa Tito Shelohonovich, was a farmer, father, Larion Titovich was a veterinarian working in horse breeding. Father Peter taught the tricks of veterinary science. Perhaps the son would have followed in his father`s footsteps, he was a child has mastered riding, art nurse and treat the horses, and could spend hours studying the mysteries of life, considering the tissues and organs under the microscope. Everything changed with the war.
Belarus was occupied by Hitler`s troops. The most terrible night in the life of Peter Shelohonova was the first night of bombing that flew bombers and bombs began to explode. He narrowly escaped, ran out of the house, and watched in horror as the burning of his parents` house. After the bombing ruins of houses, a school and farm tracks were crushed enemy tanks. Twelve Peter left homeless. He searched among the dead neighbors, trying to find his parents, then his second cousin said that all the dead and had to run to escape into the woods. Peter did not manage to find out how his mother died, Anna Minsk to bury her according to tradition it was not possible. Peter had to spend the night in a haystack until he was caught by policemen and was in a transit camp. From there, the night fled with a group of prisoners came under heavy covering fire, many prisoners were killed. From a gunshot wound to the face of Peter Shelohonova remained scarred for life. He managed to escape in the forest. Wounds heal slowly. But a deep scar on his forehead and other markings reminded him all his life about the terrible events of his youth during World War II.
Peter Shelohonovu managed to survive in the harsh autumn and winter of 1941-42 year. Moving from place to place in search of food and shelter, he dug earthen hole, where, hunched and curled lived without food or water for several days, hiding from the police patrols. In the fall of 1941, he was saved from starvation due to the fact that he had found a wounded bezhoznuyu cow that walked around, she had a full udder milk, but there was no calves, no masters. Using veterinary skills, he tamed the cow and drank straight from the udder of her milk. Soon the wounded cow had died and he had to survive, fleeing from hunger, wild berries, apples, eating everything that could be eaten. Peter learned to detonate German mines and grenades with which to stun fish in the river. For doing this he was captured guerrillas and weaned from dangerous things. The detachments of Belarusian partisans, he spent the years 1942-1943, often moving from place to place.
& # 914; 1942, among the partisans, for the first time opened up acting ability Peter Shelohonova. He vividly and immediately showed their elders various episodes from the life of partisans invented on the fly thumbnails and improvisation. Peter Shelokhonov performed initially unpretentious scenes: caricatures of Hitler parodies of hated occupation, which he composed and played. Gradually, the work on these sincere and naive ideas, and most importantly, in the daily struggle for survival in the harsh years of the war, from the soft nature of the character of Peter acquired the traits of courage, firmness, perseverance. The boy became a man.
In 1944, at the 15-year-old Peter Shelohonova he was already a self-made puppet theater, which he invented and built. He fashioned a few dolls, amassed for them a special stage of the found pieces of matter made curtain and backdrop for his little theater. At this time he was able to create entire productions, composed and played by one person, the future actor. In one of these ideas he joined several friends he works and called his puppet show, "Little Red Riding Hood, Peter and the Wolf in the war." In his play Peter Shelohonovu had to simultaneously drive a 4 dolls, of which he said four different voices, and before the show, during the break, and after the presentation on the broken trophy played accordion. With this view he prokocheval for Belarus and Ukraine, working for food.
These early experiments were a good school for the future actor, begins to practice to realize enormous expressive possibilities of the human face, facial expression, gesture, voice. By mastering a variety of intonations and intuitively by the audience reaction, learning the secrets of acting and the possibility of reincarnation, he mastered the details and finishing touches various elements of acting. In 1944, the newly liberated Chernihiv he received for his presentation of the biggest while earnings - a loaf of bread, Shmat fat and a glass of vodka. In the same year, on foot, and sometimes with a ride, Peter got to the many towns and villages of Ukraine and gave performances in the Ukrainian language, which was native to him. Surviving on their own, as well as sharing with the guerrillas of their hard life, trying his fiction, talent and sincerity to help the common struggle with the cruel and powerful enemy, Peter Shelohonovu lucky enough to live to see the victory.
In 1945 Shelokhonov was admitted to the School of Music at the Kiev Conservatory in the piano class, but he wanted to become an artist in Leningrad. In 1946 he came to Leningrad to continue his studies and find a job in the scene, for example, in a jazz orchestra, such as their favorite jazz Utesova. He was mesmerized by the rhythms of jazz and the voices of the world-famous performers. Especially close to him became musical masterpieces performed by jazz stars such as Glenn Miller, Frank Sinatra, Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald. According to Peter Shelohonova, lively and joyful jazz music helped numb the pain and suffering from the trauma of the Second World War and the switch to a peaceful life with positive emotions and feelings that have been in these songs. They were carrying a charge of energy, calling enjoy life, dance and love.
However, free life and study stopped calling for military service. From 1947 to 1953 Shelokhonov served in the Baltic Fleet. He immediately was severely punished for bullying bosses humor and political anecdote. Shelohonovu lucky - as punishment he spent a few months in a penal company on the construction work on the land and the construction of panning the stadium named after Kirov in Leningrad. He then continued his nearly six years of service in the Navy, first as a sailor on the boat smokescreen in the Baltic Sea and Klaipeda, and then doyen of Studies in the city of Liepaja. From 1949 to 1953 he was an actor of the Baltic Fleet Theater in the city of Liepaja, and also participated in theater productions in the Baltic and in Leningrad. In 1952 he was awarded a diploma of the Supreme Council of Latvia for theatrical work, but soon was again severely punished for political anecdote.
In 1950 Shelokhonov lived in distant Siberia. In 1959 he graduated from the Drama School, his diploma work was the role of Hamlet in the final performance. Even at a great, yet still photos, you can imagine what it was his performance in Hamlet: spirituality, mischief, youth, energy, thoughts can be seen on photos Hamlet - Shelohonova. The photographer took this picture in 1959, was a master of his craft, he chose the right moment and angle. Shelohonova Hamlet utters the classic monologue "To be or not to be ...", in which the Prince expressed thoughts about the meaning of life, about the connection between the past and the future. This strain of thought shines in the eyes of the actor reflects on his brooding face, and the next moment by say - be! We see Hamlet - the bright son of the turbulent era of enlightenment and understanding of human tragedy, which the cruel reality of the time causes suffering. There is no doubt that Hamlet Shelohonova was close and understandable to young people 50-60-ies, is experiencing a similar spiritual tragedy in the difficult years of the Soviet era. In the company of Irkutsk drama theater Shelokhonov Peter soon he became one of the leading actors, played a number of modern characters.
In 1960 Peter Shelokhonov implemented a number of theatrical productions of plays by contemporary authors, which was made and how the performers, as well as the director of the Taganrog Theater. Chekhov. In the same theater, he starred in the classic plays of Chekhov`s "Uncle Vanya," "The Cherry Orchard," "The Seagull," "Three Sisters", as well as plays by contemporary authors such as "The Sixth of July" Shatrova, "104 pages about love" by E. Radzinsky and others. in 1967, Peter Shelokhonov Lenin played a role in his own production of "Lenin reading" dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the revolution. This production Shelohonova was severely criticized in the City Committee of deviation from the officially adopted Lenin`s image. In 1968 he staged the play Chekhov`s "Platonov", where he played a major role.
In 1967, the studio "Ekran" invites Peter Shelohonova the lead role in the TV movie "Steps in the sun", which was shown on Central Television of the USSR. Since then, the actor starred in many film and television. Phasing Karelin was the role of the designer of rockets in the two-part film "The Taming of the fire." The prototype for the role Karelin was a real person, an assistant Queen, while one of the secret missile designers. Before the start of filming director Sergei Gerasimov recommended Peter Shelohonova the main role, however, by a decision of the curators of the Central Committee of the major role given to a member of the Central Committee of the Kirill Lavrov, and the name of Sergei Korolev replaced because of privacy on Bashkirtseva. Kirill Lavrov and Peter Shelokhonov and played in the film several scenes together and remained friends for a lifetime, starring together in ten films.
In the movie "The Taming of the Fire" was first ajar veil of secrecy over the rocket and space industry of the USSR. The shooting took place in 1970-71 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Star City, the cosmonauts, as well as in the Kremlin. Under assumed names of heroes of the film hiding classified at the time of the names of the designers of missile technology. Their role, after a rigorous selection process, performed by the actors, who claimed after the agreement with the then government of the Soviet Union. Peter Shelokhonov became a partner of such actors as Igor Gorbachev, Yevgeny Matveyev, Zinovy ??Gerdt, Igor Vladimirov, Andrei Popov, Vera Kuznetsova, Vsevolod Safonov and other stars of the Soviet cinema. After this collaboration director and actor Igor Vladimirov Peter Shelohonova invited the troupe of the Leningrad Theatre. Leningrad City Council.
In 1960-90-ies Peter Shelokhonov lives and works in Leningrad, in the Theater. Lenin Komsomol Theater. Komissarzhevskaya and Theater. Leningrad City Council. Among the theatrical works of Peter Shelohonova critics noted the main roles in "jack Capercaillie" on the play by V. Rozov and "Theme and Variations" on the play by S. Aleshin, as well as the performance of the role of Nikita Romanovich Zakharyin trilogy Tolstoy of the kings. He often works at the studio Lenfilm, which was filmed more than 40 movies with his participation. During this period reveal the creative possibilities P. Shelohonova as a movie actor. His roles were diverse, such as spy Sotnikov ( "Isolation", 1968), the Siberian Cossack Severian Ulybin ( "Dauria", 1970), the composer Mikhail Glinka ( "Franz Liszt", 1970), the military commissioner ( "Such a long, long road ", 1972), director of the transplant (" retaliation "1974, Odessa film studio) Dorogomilovo (TV series" The first joy "and" No Ordinary summer ", 1977-79), and other work in film and television. During this period Shelokhonov filmed a movie with such stars as Paul Luspekaev, Nikolai Gritsenko, Natalia Fateev, Vitaly Solomin and others.
In the 1990s, the world-famous film director, actor and writer Peter Ustinov put in Petersburg his play "photo finish", in which the leading role of Sam Peter instructed Shelohonovu on stage theater. Leningrad City Council. In memory of this work, Peter Ustinov gave Peter Shelohonovu photo with a friendly signature "Peter the Great by Peter Ustinov`s".
Personal feelings Shelohonova Peter, his pain and the memory of the war was expressed in his production of the play "Isabella" for the salvation of prisoners of Nazi camps Auschwitz (Oswiecim). The interpretation Shelohonova on stage going to save all the prisoners of the concentration camp as survivors and victims, which is made possible thanks to our memory of their heroic destiny and heroism. Such a reading of the play was a surprise even for the author himself. At the premiere of the play came from New York author Irvine Leitner itself Isabella saw some unusual stage solution found Shelokhonov for metaphors of heroism and immortality: after suffering in the concentration camp and death in a fire oven, in the final scene of the play all the burnt prisoners of concentration camps come alive and go their burning furnaces through fire and smoke, go slowly and majestically into the hall, joining the lively music of Mozart`s Requiem.
In a joint project of production company Icon, which is owned by Mel Gibson, and the Hollywood film studio Warner Brothers, British director Bernard Rose shot a film "Anna Karenina" based on the novel by Leo Tolstoy. The crew worked in the palaces, museums and parks of St. Petersburg, who came to film the period of XIX century in the historic krstyumah and interiors. Director Casting Marion Dougherty, who worked with Mel Gibson and Sophie Marceau in film productions, such as "Braveheart" et al., Saw the work of Peter Shelohonova and introduced him to director, and Bernard Rose immediately confirmed actor for the role Kapitonitch, butler Karenins . So Shelokhonov became a partner on the set of the stars of contemporary cinema like Sophie Marceau, Sean Bean, Mia Kirshner, James Fox, Danny Huston, and others.
Recognition and Awards
* Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1979)
1. 1967 - The steps in the Sun - The Unknown Soldier
2. 1968 - Three years - Laptev
3. 1969 - Reshuffle in the long side - Scientist
4. 1969 - Isolation - Sotnikov
5. 1970 - Far from Moscow (2 series of TV) - Batmanov
6. 1970 - The Dawns Here Are Quiet (TV) - Vaskov
7. 1970 - Franz Liszt - Composer Glinka
8. 1970 - Spring Love - Mazukhina
9. 1971 - Dauria - Severyan Ulybin
10. 1971 - cold - hot - Podorozhniy
11. 1971 - The Night of the 14 th parallel - Editor
12. 1971 - Mess? - Chairman
13. 1972 - Such a long, long way - Commissioner
14. 1972 - The Taming of the fire - Karelin
15. 1973 - Grandmaster - Stepfather
16. 1973 - Identification - Colonel
17. 1974 - The response measure - Peresada
18. 1975 - will gain in combat - Sergeev
19. 1976 - Trust - Peter
20. 1976 - Vitaly Bianchi - narrator - presenter
21. 1976 - I do not care - Pankratov
22. 1977 - The first joy - Dorogomilovo
23. 1977 - Reeds (TV series, TV) - Investigator
24. 1978 - The three rainy days - Investigator
25. 1978 - Everything is decided by a moment - Matveev
26. 1979 - The extraordinary summer - Dorogomilovo
27. 1979 - Traveling to another city - Director
28. 1980 - The life and adventures of four friends half - Boss
29. 1980 - Late Goodbye - Father
30. 1981 - The life and adventures of four friends 3/4 - Host
31. 1981 - It was for the Narva Gate - Gregory
32. 1981 - 20th of December - Zarudny
33. 1981 - Combine 2 - Fomichev
34. 1981 - True Lieutenant Klimov - Chervonenko
35. 1981 - The girl and the Grand - Head of Sports Committee
36. 1982 - it is not possible to execute it - Patriarch
37. 1982 - Customs - Customs Head
38. 1982 - Franz Liszt (TV series, the Hungarian TV) - Prince Wielhorsky
39. 1982 - The Voice - The director of the film
40. 1982 - Year of the active sun - head teacher
41. 1983 - Echo distant explosion
42. 1983 - Main - Gadalov
43. 1983 - Venue - Ryabov
44. 1984 - The Testament of Professor Dowell
45. 1984 - Two versions of the collision - Pavlov
46. ??1985 - Sofia Kovalevskaya - Academician Sechenov
47. 1985 - Rivals - Semyonitch
48. 1985 - The Contract of the Century - Minister
49. 1986 - The Last Road - Stefanovic
50. 1986 - Red Arrow - Yusov
51. 1987 - Habitat - Investigator
52. 1987 - Moonzund - Andreev
53. 1987 - Lucky man
54. 1988 - Bread - noun - Akimov
55. 1991 - My best friend, Gen. Vasily, son of Joseph - Colonel Savinykh
56. 1992 - Richard II - Lord Marshal
57. 1997 - Passenger - Passenger
58. 1997 - Anna Karenina - Kapitonitch butler Karenins
* Irkutsk Story
* Poem o Bread
* The loan from the Nibelungen
* Golden Boy
* On the night of a lunar eclipse
* At the bottom
* Armoured Train 14-69
* Woe from Wit
* Three sisters
* Uncle Ivan
* The Cherry Orchard
* Sixth of July
* 104 pages about love
* The Dawns Here Are Quiet
* Theme and Variations
* Jack capercaillie
* Death of Ivan the Terrible
* King of Fyodor Ivanovich
* Boris Godunov
* The Promised Land
* A photo finish
* Barefoot in the Park