Petr Kudriavcev

Picture of Petr Kudriavcev

Citizenship: Russia


He studied at the Moscow Theological Seminary, then at the University of Moscow, on the 1 st branch of the Faculty of Philosophy. At the end of the course was a teacher of Russian language and literature at the Institute of the chief officers of the Moscow Orphanage orphans. Moral beauty of the young teacher charmingly acted on students and humanity and delicacy of relations caused him deep sympathy. In March 1845, on the recommendation of Granovsky, Kudryavtsev was sent abroad. One semester, he worked in Berlin, where he attended Schelling - one in Paris; rest of the time spent in Heidelberg, Dresden, Munich, studying the works of art everywhere (see. "Letters" to Galakhov in "Russian Messenger"). Since 1847 Kudryavtsev began to read universal history at Moscow University. In the fall of 1856 he went to Italy Kudryavtsev ( "Letters from Florence"). Here he quickly developed consumption, and in January 1858 he was gone. Writer and artist, historian and psychologist, Kudryavtsev, while still a student, he wrote short stories under the pseudonym AN (Nestroy). Until 1839 he wrote: "Katya Pylaeva" (in the "Telescope"), "Antonina", "Two passions" (ibid.), And "Flute" (in "Moscow Observer"). His intimate, sad tales Kudryavtsev soon became known, met and became friends with Belinsky, handed him the Editor "Moscow Observer", began working in the "Russian Invalid" and "Notes of the Fatherland". Since 1841 Kudryavtsev published in "Notes of the Fatherland" several reviews and articles there and in the "Contemporary" - the story: "Flower", "bewilderment", "Live painting", "Last Seen", "Error", "Failures "" Without the dawn. " All literary works are imbued with melancholy Kudryavtseva; they impact observation and subtle psychological analysis. Scientists have his works fall into three divisions: the article on the theoretical and historical subjects, the purely historical works and literary criticism. In the article "On the authenticity of history" ( "Notes of the Fatherland" in 1851) Kudryavtsev gives an excellent description of the scientists of merit Niebuhr and passionately defends the importance of history as a science. Article "The modern problems of history" ( "Notes of the Fatherland", 1853 m. 87), caused by the speech Granovsky on the same subject, devoted to the question of the importance of art in the form of historical works. Here Kudryavtsev indicates a connection with the history of natural science, and finds value in the history of the psychological method. In the article "The last time the Greek Independence" ( "Propylaea", 1852) Kudryavtsev parses book Babst, in an article on "Apollinaris Sidonius" ( "Fatherland Notes", 1855) - a book Eshevskogo, which Kudryavtsev sold in the assessment of personality Sidonia and the nature of the Gallo -rimskoy literature of V century. An excellent article "Ancient Roman history the Exploration Schwegler" ( "Notes of the Fatherland", 1854, t. 93) introduces the methods and conclusions of the German scholar. For purely historical issues related essay "Roman women" (1856,.. A new edition in the "Universal Library", St. Petersburg 1909, et seq), which provides a number of features poetically beautiful, depicting the mores of Roman society in the imperial period. The most extensive and thorough work Kudryavtseva - "The fate of Italy by Fall of the Western Roman Empire to restore its Carl" (1850). In this work Kudryavtsev wide, brightly and vividly reveals a complex picture of the "vitality" Lombard start in Italy, considering the emergence of Italian nationality, describes her relationship to the papacy. The continuation of this work serve as an excellent monograph, "Carolingians in Italy", part of which was published in "Notes of the Fatherland" in 1852 writing is not over; brought to 813 K, the new stories are "The Siege of Leiden" (in the "Collection of articles of professors of Moscow University", 1855) and "Joseph Bonaparte in Italy" ( "Moscow News" 1855), which gives a description of Napoleon`s Kudryavtsev, considering his condottiere. Being interested in the role of personality in history, Kudryavtsev wrote a study entitled: "Karl V" ( "Russian Messenger", 1856). In contrast Minya view, Kudryavtsev stresses the importance of external events in the life of Charles, as a politician, considering his political and religious ideals; reverie in his political plans Kudryavtsev is the explanation of his failure. The pages devoted to the Reformation, full of drama. "Youth Caterina de Medici", written in Italian ( "Russian Messenger", 1857), takes the reader into the Florentine environment. True artistic pleasure Kudryavtseva deliver articles of literary criticism and essays on art history. Italy, his favorite country, appears here. In the article "Dante, his age and the life" ( "Notes of the Fatherland", 1855 - 1856) Kudryavtsev picturesquely portrayed the childhood and youth of Dante and gave a fine sketch of Italian literature in the XIII century, in connection with the political history of Italy. Deep psychological analysis of different sketch "of Oedipus, king of Sophocles" ( "Propylaea", 1852). Two articles Kudryavtseva: "Venus de Milo" ( "Fatherland Notes", 1847) and "Belvedere" (ibid, 1846) - wonderful page of his first overseas trip. The "Belvedere" Kudryavtsev otsenkui provides an excellent description of Italian artists in the "Venus de Milo" enthusiastically talks about his visit to the Louvre and praises art. After the death of Granovsky, Kudryavtsev wrote "Memories of TN Granovsky" ( "Fatherland Notes", 1855), he worked on the publication of his works and wrote the introduction to them: "The news of the literary works Granovsky". Since 1856 Kudryavtsev was one of the editors of "Russian Messenger" and led the political review it before the end of life. He worked on a biography of Granovsky, but only managed to write "Childhood and adolescence Granovsky" ( "Russian Messenger", 1858). Kudryavtseva Lectures fascinated poetic freshness of feelings, vitality and completeness. History for him a living force, and in the foreground there are cultural and historical issues. Together with the students, he went deep into the social life of a given epoch and reveals the very process of development of historical science. "Works" Kudryavtseva published in Moscow in 1887 - 1889 years. - See Eshevsky "On the death Kudryavtseva" ( "Moscow News", 1858, number 9). his "Kudryavtsev, as a teacher" ( "Russian Messenger", 1858,