Date of Birth: 11/27/1842
Place of birth: Moscow
Russian theorist of anarchism, geographer, traveler, writer. In the 60-ies. made a number of expeditions to unexplored regions of Eastern Siberia and the Far East, his work at the time - "Materials for the orography of eastern Siberia", "Studies on the Ice Age", etc., have brought him international fame.. In 1870 he was elected Secretary of the Russian Geographical Society. In 1872. P. Kropotkin went abroad, where he joined the anarchist direction. Upon his return to Russia led revolutionary propaganda among the Petersburg workers and students. In 1874 he was arrested and imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress, but 2 years later he was transferred to St Nicholas Hospital, where escaped. Moved abroad, he lived in Switzerland, France, England. He was one izorganizatorov and theorists of international anarchist movement. For revolutionary activities held in a French prison for three years. The Russian came back in June 1917 ...
Major works P. Kropotkin, "rebel Speech" (1885), "In Russian and French prisons" (1887), "Bread and Freedom" (1892), "Mutual Aid as a Factor of Evolution" (1902 city), "Notes of a revolutionary" (1902), "The ideals and the reality of Russian literature" (1905), "The French revolution 1789-1793" (1909), "Modern science and anarchy" (1913 ) and others. His books have been translated and published in many countries around the world.
Died PA Kropotkin February 8, 1921, Dmitrov, near Moscow, is buried in Moscow at the Novodevichy cemetery (4 uch. 24 series).