Date of Birth: 10/29/1840
Place of birth: Revel
The gunner on higher special education, he briefly stayed in the army, then a member of the District Court in Voronezh and St. Petersburg, Deputy Chairman of the St. Petersburg District Court of St. Petersburg and a member of the Court of Justice. Introducing this activity is not only a deep understanding of the spirit and the meaning of laws, but also a fine estimate of life`s conditions, he was an enemy of the mechanical application of articles of the Code and the legal regulations. Going into the life situation of each case and replace, where possible, legal formalism compassionate attention to asylum or awaiting justice, he was a true and humane with the guardian of the law, discretion and power-hungry alien stale closure. These properties put them in a variety of written judicial decisions on remuneration for railroad injury, on the interpretation of his will, according to family cases, claims for maintenance from wives husbands. After a brief tenure as Chief of Staff for the adoption petitions brought by the highest name (from 1886 to 1890), and its legal sense had to put other obstacles brazen harassment, he devoted himself to the district councils, taking as Opochetsky district marshal of the nobility, active and multifaceted participation in the work of the district and provincial zemstvos Pskov. In 1891 - 92 years he took part in a private hot famine relief, personally went to Simbirsk for the distribution of the collected British Quakers and entrusted him 50 000 rubles, with the participation of farmers, a country doctor, and rural teachers. That same kind of activity on behalf of the organization, arranged by the St. Petersburg society escort of public health, he was engaged in 1905 in Opochetsky County. For similar works should be classified and its participation in the meetings of Russian-Dutch committee in St. Petersburg for sending in 1904 two groups of sisters of mercy in the army in Manchuria. Elected in 1895 to the presidency of the Imperial Free Economic Society, Count Heyden devoted all their efforts to promote the rights of the society and the associated of the St. Petersburg Committee of literacy against any kind of constraint and bureaucratic influences while protecting the oldest in the Russian society and its continuous labor concerns in for ten years. Near setim he took an active part in the meetings of the agrarian leaders about the pressing needs of the country, which are all developing, have played such an influential role in 1904 and 1905 respectively. In "Proceedings of the Free Economic Society" published full of civic courage and firmness of his letter to the Minister of the Interior von Plehve declared about his warnings for participation in the meeting of agrarian leaders, there is the chairman of the Moscow Zemstvo DN Shipova in May 1902, the Chairman and an active member of the district convention, the patient and attentive listener debate, the skilled pilot and a combiner of different forces, direct and frank, he was one of the organizers and members of the deputation Zemsky Congress that June 6, 1905 I listened in Peterhof word "indomitable will of the royal to convene the elected representatives of the people." According to its beliefs Heyden belonged to the people, to whom may be given the name of progressive conservatives, to those which were caused by the activities of the great reforms of Alexander II. These reforms, updating and modifying the social system, were bound to lead to the creation of the state system, which is closely associated with the beginnings of popular representation and treatment of subjects into citizens. Count Heydens was given to serve all institutions, brought to life by the great reforms have gone through much suffering and their friendly movement; but he had a confidence in the people`s forces and, therefore, did not lose heart and do not lose heart. He knew how to defend what has been expensive in the past, and strive to create what was needed in the future. In this sense, it is the party he created "Peaceful Renewal" in the first State Duma, a member of which he was elected in 1906, where he had no time to stand in opposition to the majority, but this difference did not hesitate to trust the purity of his motives, and respect for his personality. His death has caused nearly all existing parties have a sense of loss of a person, regardless of whether it was a political ally or opponent, the loss figure, unwavering integrity, bold sincerity and moral selflessness which were beyond doubt. Party "Peaceful Renovation", as well as the Free Economic Society published a brochure in 1907, dedicated to his memory and a detailed overview of its activities.