Date of Birth: 02/11/1835
He was born in the family of a member of the State Council (the group center) Ober-Jagermeister Supreme Court Balasheva Nikolai Petrovich (1840 - 1931) - Russia`s largest landowner (in 1906 for parents P.N.Balasheva there were 330 kDa acres in the 4 provinces), the owner of a number of plants and Catherine Andreyevna, nee Countess Shuvalov (1848 - 1931). He had his brother - Andrei Nikolayevich (1874-1916) and his sister Alexandra Nikolaevna (1876-1896). There is a picture of the KE Makovsky "Peter, Andrew and Alexander Balashov." After receiving his secondary education in the 6th St. Petersburg High School, P.N.Balashev entered the law faculty of St. Petersburg University, where he graduated in 1894
After graduation he joined the Life Guards Hussar Regiment, a volunteer.
In March 1903 Balashev - retired in the rank of lieutenant (AB Nikolaev, Balashov (Balashov) Petro / / The State Duma of Russia, in the Encyclopedia of 2 T., T. 1, the State Duma of the Russian Empire (1906 -. 1917) / Ed number .: VV Shelokhaev (Ed), etc. Moscow, 2006, page 39 -.... 40). He settled on his estate "Komargorod" Bratslav County Podolia. There Petro participated in a number of social and charitable organizations, and soon became a district marshal of the nobility (1900 - 1909 gg.). 1901 - kammerjunker Court of His Imperial Majesty.
Plunge into Balasheva policy led the 1905 revolution. Balashov`s initiative to create, and then chairman of the Union of Russian voters Southwestern Region, which as a supporter of the monarchy in 1907, held in the III State Duma. In the Duma monarchists split. Separated from the extreme right (the Black Hundreds), headed Balashev fraction moderate Rights (whose members, according to the then existing tradition called the party of education under the first letters of their names, nationalist M.O.Menshikov nicknamed "upokoynikami" and the Black Hundreds V.M.Purishkevich - "insecure-right"). Credo fraction revealed already in the first sessions of the Duma, when the discussion raised by the Cadets issue of violation of the Constitution Act (Manifesto of October 17) in connection with the illegal dissolution of the 2nd State Duma: "... There is no doubt that the act of October 17 great sovereign`s grace given us, build our has changed a lot, - said in his speech Balashov - / ... / ... but at the same time, we can not but be noted that the constitution in the sense of Western Europe, we do not exist, and therefore the words "updated state system" we the constitution to do with, know and do not mean ... "(The State Duma, verbatim records, Convocation III. Session I, Part I, St. Petersburg., 1908, 158 str..). At this time, it begins to form a party moderate Rights (PUP). Party building Balashev started a kind of "inside out" of the Duma faction seeking to establish a political party. PUP came into being at the end of 1908 - beginning of 1909. and, according to its leader, he was "undoubtedly and undeniably progressive national" (DA Kotsyubinsky, Russian nationalism in the early twentieth century, the birth and death of ideology, the All-Russian National Union, Moscow, 2001, p. 87). However, the number of the party was no different from fractional (70 members) and of course, that she had not been able to become a real political force, which would be able to compete with the many thousands chernosoten-governmental associations for leadership in the conservative camp. At that time, PA Stolypin for his agrarian reform was required to "own" the majority in the State Duma. "... And then Stolypin and I was thought to find it in most split pra