Peter Eisenman

Picture of Peter Eisenman


American architect, author of numerous books and articles, Professor of Architecture, one of the founders of the architectural deconstruction.

Architectural education P.Ayzenman received at Cornell University (Bachelor of Architecture) ; the Graduate School of Architecture at Columbia University (Master of Architecture) ;and defended his thesis at Cambridge.

In 1967 he founded the Institute for the Study of Architecture and Urban Planning (Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies - IAUS), which was led until 1982. At various times P.Ayzenman taught at Cooper Union, Yale and Princeton universities, he was a teacher, Daniel Libeskind ,of his architectural bureau leaders reached " blobmeysterov " - Greg Lynn (Greg Lynn), Jeff Kipnis (Jeff Kipnis), Mark Wigley (Mark Wigley), Quintero Sanford (Sanford Kwinter).

creative way

At the beginning of his career, Peter Eisenman was part of the " New York Five" (a group known as the " five white") ,in addition to which he included: Charles Guotmi (Charles Gwathmey), John Heydak (John Hejduk), Richard Meier and Michael Graves (Michael Graves). The group was organized at the end of the conference on the problems of exploring the surrounding urban environment, held at the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in 1969. Work groups were t. N. New York`s architectural school. [1] During this period, Eisenman worked with geometric abstract compositions and artistic legacy of Le Corbusier.

The crisis of 1978

From this period P. Eisenman moving away from a purely rationalistic search and enters the realm of the irrational. External events, provoked this change ,Eisenman turned out to be a course of treatment a psychoanalyst. " That`s when I started traveling on my subconscious. Go into inventory and less focus on the rationalist brain function. This caused a shift in my architecture. My building began to dig in the ground and in the subconscious. "This period Eisenman searches can be designated as deconstructivist, despite the fact that the architect himself strongly rejects any clear definition. Himself, he proclaimed in different periods postfunktsionalistom, postmodernist, deconstructionist. This lack of a clear position - and there Eisenman position. He considers,that a person is free to choose from the variety offered by this world, without any restrictions, all that seems close to him personally at the moment that resonates, makes you wonder about yourself. And do not be afraid if tomorrow you will start to adhere to the opposite point of view.

Working as a deconstructionist ,Eisenman primarily explores architecture as an idea, and the main sources of inspiration are the texts of Derrida and psychoanalysis for him. Together with Derrida, he created the project " choral work", which includes literary and architectural discourse. Thus Derrida made as a designer, and Eisenman - as a writer. These were two parallel work that were both nezavisimydrug from each other and interconnected in a close correlation. The result was a sample of polyphonic, multilingual " architecture polyglot ". " Verbal Design" includes choreography, music, singing, rhythmic experiments.

According to Eisenman, architecture should be critical,it does not have to meet the needs of the customer and solve his problems, on the contrary, - architecture poses problems. In accordance with this concept, Eisenman builds not only the theory, but the actual construction, often shocking customer. For example, in the " Gordiola House" project to the customer, he said that according to his theory ,window of a house must not go to the ocean (as so the customer wanted) ; in the Wexner Center, intended for exhibition of works by artists, it is very difficult to hang pictures on the walls (at least because of the walls as there are none) . The building makes artists look for other ways to express themselves, not work with empty walls, but with not quite a simple context.All research Eisenman declares in his texts. Understand the architecture is very difficult apart from the theory, which is why Ch.Dzhenks classifies it to the modernists, forcing the world to adjust to their ideas. However, the Eisenman argues that in this case it is not abstract ideas, but that has always been inherent in the very architecturebut until now it has been hidden. The task of the architect - to reveal what was suppressed, help express what was considered non-functional, meaningless, etc. " If there is a gap between the double bed -.. says Eisenman - which can fail - it`s not my concern. If a family has a child - I do not care if it appears,that from the dining table in the dining room sticks out a post - I do not care if people can not see the ocean from your home through the window - so be it. "

To get rid of the prejudices of tradition, he uses the " reading space" method, which largely coincides with the postmodern concept of " folds " (G. Deleuze fold :. Leibniz and the Baroque 1988.) . According to him, the traditional opposition between structure and ornament (decoration) , the abstract and the figurative, form and function can be abolished. Architecture can begin to explain "between" these categories (not breaking them completely) .

Autumn 1988 Crisis

Since the 1990s, P.Eisenman finally abandons deconstructivist discourse and switch their search in the area of nonlinear architecture. As the tipping point can be designated by the crisis of autumn 1988,when Eisenman finally realized the "death of deconstruction " (aided organized with the support of Philip Johnson`s famous exhibition " deconstructivist architecture" at New York`s Museum of Modern Art) and he was faced with the question: " What next ? ". New inspiration came from the modern discoveries in science,error status: 400error status: 400Eisner was born in California. After high school and a number of institutions of higher education, he moved to the entertainment industry. His debut film could be called his diploma project in film school film " Intelligence " ("Recon") with Peter Gabriel. As the final work at Georgetown University Breck took a modern version of " Alice in Wonderland " ; shooting took place on a huge attic Healy Hall on the campus and at an abandoned tram branch in the tunnel under the Dupont Circle in the District of Columbia. In addition, during training Eisner managed to put a few of Shakespeare`s plays. During installation Breck took several "Digital Domain" computers, in order to calculate the film a little bit of computer graphics. Of interested advertising agencies ; very soon Eisner offered to shoot a few clips. advertiser - producer `s career began unexpectedly rapidly - within ANY KINDone and a half years in the asset Breck was fourteen works. The first movie he took off for a drink "Powersurge" company "Budweiser"; This video was shown at the Super Bowl of 1997. Following was an advertisement pretzels "Rold Gold Pretzels` Comrades" - in it the actor Jason Alexander playing superhero " pretzel "makes another feat on the space station "Mir".

Two rollers Breck on Tobacco Control, made by order of the Ministry of Health of California were named "best spot" version "Adweek" project.Another creation Eisner - "Mad dog in pursuit of beer " Course Winter " " was shown in one of the breaks in the final series of the cult comedy series " the Seinfeld ", and won first place in magazine advertisements charts "USA Today". Later Breck created advertising for "Sony", "Sega" and "Coca-Cola".Success in the world of advertising Eisner opened the way to the cinema - In 2000 he filmed a TV movie " The Invisible Man " ("The Invisible Man") for the channel "Sci Fi Channel". This was followed by work with Steven Spielberg on one of the episodes of the miniseries "Taken" with Dakota Fanning in the lead role.

Pictures of Peter Eisenman more

Peter Eisenman picture
AD Classics Wexner Center for the Arts Peter Eisenman ArchDaily_1
AD Classics Wexner Center for the Arts Peter Eisenman ArchDaily_5
AD Classics Wexner Center for the Arts Peter Eisenman ArchDaily_8
Deconstructivist Architecture, 25 Years Later_2
Deconstructivist Architecture, 25 Years Later_6
Deconstructivist architecture – eight iconic buildings  DesignCurial_7
Measuring the impact of design at the University of Cincinnati ..._3
Peter Eisenman, Architect  e architect_4
The Yenikapi Project, Istanbul  Peter Eisenman + Aytac Arch._10
Typology Museums Thinkpiece Architectural Review_9