Date of Birth: 11/19/1909
Place of birth: Vienna
Citizenship: United States
Peter F. Drucker has had a revolutionary impact on business development in the twentieth century. It was he who turned the management - and unpopular Neuvazliayev 50s specialty - in a scientific discipline. Peter Drucker has 19 doctoral degrees in various universities in the US, Belgium, Great Britain, Spain, Japan and Switzerland. His name is given to business schools and foundations.
When Jack Welch was appointed executive director of General Electric in 1980, he decided to meet c Peter F. Drucker, the Austrian intellectual. Drucker asked him one of its "big questions" that so intrigued Welch that served administrator thoughts over the next few years. "If you do not deal with it, would you deal with it now?" - Asked him, remembers Welch, Drucker. Much can be learned from this issue.
Habsburg Born in Vienna, he worked as a journalist, and then, in 1937, moved to the United States. He believed that the failure of European capitalism to give an individual "status and the" paved the way for fascism. This idea influenced the love Drucker to large corporations, which he saw as "representative organizations" for the construction of citizenship in the US society. In 1943, when most Americans were employed by World War II, Drucker had access to General Motors and spent a full analysis of its structure and management.
For six decades, Drucker was the most sought-after advisor to the executive directors, among them Walter Wriston of Citicorp from, David Rockefeller of Chase Manhattan Corp., Henry Luce of Time Inc. and Mark Uilles of Times Mirror Co. He invented the term "management by objectives" and helped to develop objective measures of salary and promotion. He identified the importance of the "knowledge worker" - the elite white-collar - before anyone else was still.
Drucker wanted us to focus on the customer, not just the technology. Working in the style of the famous Viennese psychoanalyst, Drucker probed deeply, asking questions, and tracking communication. He has lectured on topics such as demographic changes in Latin America, the movement of peasants from the countryside to the city and how it affects the GE business. Drucker`s ability to grasp new ideas and to inspire confidence in the manager GE crystallized the role he played in helping the Department of GE jet engines to make a revolution in the field of commercial aircraft industry. We had to convince aircraft manufacturers that supplied aircraft for the military, it makes sense to spend money on the development of civil aircraft. Drucker`s role was to help our manager of GE jet engines.
Drucker was wrong sometimes, and long-term consequences of this were terrific. "We have developed the most scientific in the world system of compensation, and it nearly ruined GE", - recognizes Drucker samooosuzhdayuschego with a share of humor.
When Drucker 90 years, he continued to advise, though rarely left his modest home in Claremont, California. He still works at the Faculty of Drukerovskoy School of Management in Claremont University. However, he was no longer sure that the corporation - the organization is to "create a nationality" and worried that the mobility of today`s scientific society creates new social problems. "Corporations that once built, to stand as a pyramid, is now more like a tent", - he says.