Date of Birth: 02/10/1847
Place of Birth: Poznan
Paul von Hindenburg
Paul von Hindenburg was born in the family of a Prussian officer in Poznan. He graduated from the Cadet Corps. Member of the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71. During the 1st World War, the end of August 1914 Hindenburg in command of the 8th German Army in East Prussia, and in November - the troops of the Eastern Front. Since August 1916, he became Chief of Staff, in fact in chief, received the status of a national hero, and the nickname "Iron Hindenburg". After the death of 28 February 1925 the first president of the Weimar Republic, Friedrich Ebert, Hindenburg, with the support unit of the right parties agreed to run for president. April 26, 1925, received 14.6 million. Votes Hindenburg was elected president. By announcing that it intends to adhere strictly to the conditions of the Weimar Constitution and the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, he, nevertheless, was the support of the military-monarchist and Nazi organizations. Hindenburg was honorary chairman of the military organization "Steel Helmet". Hindenburg Policy promoted the revival of Germany`s war potential and restoration of Germany`s military power.
April 10, 1932 he was with the help of right-wing social-democratic leaders of the newly elected president, receiving 53% of the vote (19.359.650; Hitler - 13,418,011; Telman - 3,706,655 votes). May 30, 1932, Hindenburg dismissed the government of Chancellor Heinrich Bruning and replaced it with Franz von Papen, who represented the interests of the Reichswehr and the magnates of heavy industry. Once in the Reichstag elections in July and November 1932 the National Socialist Workers Party of Germany received widespread support and became the strongest party in the country, before the Hindenburg was a question on the appointment of a coalition government that would include Hitler and the Nazis. 30 January 1933 Hindenburg handed over power in the hands of the Nazis, Hitler authorizing the formation of a government. Since then, the political activity and the impact of the Hindenburg began to fall.
After the bloody events of "Night of the Long Knives" Hindenburg signed a congratulatory telegram to Hitler, prepared by the Fuhrer himself: "On the basis of the newly received I found reports that, thanks to your determination and your personal courage you have managed to stifle in the bud the machinations of traitors I commend to you this telegram. my deep appreciation and sincere gratitude. Please accept the assurances of my best feelings. " Von Hindenburg died on August 2, 1934 in his family estate Neudeck. August 12 tons. e. one and a half weeks after the Marshal`s death, his last will and testament was published. No one had any doubt that the document is falsified; He spoke a few phrases that are clearly written under the dictation of Hitler as exactly coincided with the views of the Fuhrer. Will ended with the following words: "My Chancellor Adolf Hitler and his movement have allowed the German people to make a historic plunge to the inner unity, rising above all class differences and differences in social conditions, I leave my German people with a firm hope that my expectations, which were formed in. 1919 and gradually matured until January 30, 1933, will be developed to the full and complete implementation of the historical mission of our people. We firmly believe in the future of our country, I can safely close your eyes. "