Date of Birth: 04/22/1946
Place of birth: London
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Professor of Cosmology
Paul Charles William Davies was born on April 22th 1946 in London. He was brought up in Finchley, he studied at the British High School Woodhouse Grammar School in 1967 with a BA first class graduated from the University College London.
In 1970, Paul defended his doctoral dissertation titled `contribution to theoretical physics: (i) the radiation attenuation in the optical continuous medium. (Ii) Quantum electrodynamics theory Wheeler Feynmana`. Over the thesis Davis worked under the direction of Michael J.. Seaton and Sigurd Zina. The intermediate stage between the last studies and the first job (postdoc) Charles William spent under the tutelage of Fred Hoyle in Cambridge.
Davis professionally fond of theoretical physics, astrobiology kosmologieyi focusing their research on quantum field theory in curved space-time. One of the achievements of physics was the discovery of the so-called Fulling-Davies-Unruh effect, in which an accelerated observer detects particles in the empty (in terms of the inertial observer) space. However, an explanation of the CMB fluctuations, left over from the Big Bang, still causes much debate.
Prepared by Paul study co-authored with Stephen Fulling and William Unruh was the first difficulty, suggested that black holes by the effect of `isparyayutsya` Hawking - the process of emission of various elementary particles (mainly photons). Umensheniemassy black hole is due to the streaming of negative energy from the environment. Davis has long been associated with the problem of a unidirectional movement (arrow) the time and was the forerunner of the theory that life on Earth probably came from Mars - Martian biota came to us from asteroids and comets.
When Paul was in Australia, he helped the establishment of the Australian Centre for Astrobiology, where he became a professor of physics. For his contributions to science and its activity was the Australian Davis Award Advance Australia Award and two `ekzoticheskih` prize - Australian Museum Eureka Prizes. In 2001, in the UK, he was awarded the Medals of Kelvin and the Institute of Physics Prize, and in 2002 - a prize named after Michael Faraday of the Royal Society of London. Templeton Prize `for progress in research or discoveries about spiritual realiy` English physicist received in 1995, the year.
Davis writes a lot and gives comments on the scientific and philosophical questions. He was the author of the documentary series for the British radio station BBC Radio 3 and two Australian television series - `The Big Questions` and` More Big Questions`. Paul was a guest of many radio and television programs, including a children`s podcast `Ask A Biologist` (` Ask biologa`).
Some scholars are critical with respect to Davis, especially to his theistic sentiment. Among his opponents, Jerry Coyne, Lawrence Krauss, Scott Atran, Jeremy Bernstein, Alan Sokal et al.