He resigned from the Microsoft board of directors of the board, while retaining the post of chief adviser on strategy ,because Bill Gates is unlikely to tolerate near him as an advisor someone other than Allen friendship which lasted for four decades.
Start the life story of Paul Allen could be probably because : January 21, 1953 in Seattle, a boy was born in a family of librarians. It was called Paul. .. But it would be too boring ,and therefore better to start with the other rows of the official biography of Paul Allen. " In the late 1960s he studied at the school. Distressed permanent restrictions on access to the electronic computer, along with his friend Bill Gates dreamed of the day when every table would have stood a miniature copy of the computer. "How it all just turns out - the boys just dreamed of personal computers. And as an adult, in pursuance of a child`s dream just participated in the development of software for the first personal Computer Altair. And then also just created a DOS operating system for the IBM PC, which has become, de facto ,standard for personal computers. Just something that was required, so this desire to childhood dream became a reality. Perhaps the reason was the fact that, according to Allen himself, all his life he adheres farewell given to him by his father : " occupies only the fact that you really like. "
Favorite hobbies: movies, books, guitar ,chess, scuba diving. Beyond the official biography remained another passion - card. In school, Paul Allen was famous for playing poker. According to legend, it was a game of poker he met his future friend, partner and colleague - Bill Gates. This happened in 1968. Incidentally,card game allowed his friends to raise money needed to pay for work on a computer.
Obsession Paul programming during school study at times, in the most literal sense, it is costly to parents. In an interview given in 1995 by the American edition of the Fortune, Bill Gates told the story of embarrassment ,happened to his friend at the ceremony to mark the end of the school year. The administration simply refused to issue a certificate to Allen, is present at the ceremony the mother of the future billionaire has not paid a debt of $ 200 for her offspring used machine time.
However, once luck friends. Fortune came to them in the name of the computer center in downtown Seattle. Paul and Bill were famous at school for its achievements in the field of communication with computing monsters, and some of the parents advised of their administration center as free testers. During the search for errors in the PAL system paid nothing ,but they have full time access to a computer data center. But more it was not necessary. ` Seasoned ` programmers with condescension looked at the young talent and in response to the endless questions, laughing, gave them a thick volume of instructions. These books he studied diligently and adolescents have led to new questions. " They have given us into the hands of one book - told about this time Paul Allen. - And it`s like a game. We read about assembler, but did not have on hand at the system management. A staff amused by how much time you will need to ensure that before we came to Bill, finally ,that to understand the whole picture, we need one more part of the instruction. Then we returned to the issues, and we were awarded the next part of the book. " Here in the center of the computing teenagers faced with what is called a terrible word "bankruptcy". Because of financial problems in a not too fine day center simply closed. Later, Allen told how some people have come to describe the property, pulled out chairs almost from under them with Bill and friends hurry to save on punched tape program until the computer is not completely cut off. ..
In 1971, Paul received by the Washington State University ,read an article about the world`s first microprocessor, the Intel 4004. The computer "brain" shrank to the size of the chip, and it becomes a reality their dream with Bill about the time when everyone at the table will be your own personal copy of the computer. Allen, inspired as read with enthusiasm proved friend ,that microprocessors will now be constantly improved and will form the basis of future computing systems. A year later, friends in clubbing, for $ 360, bought the then miracle of technology - Intel 8008. Microprocessor He had to serve as the heart of a computer to control the traffic. .. In recognition of Paul Allen ,their first joint venture with Bill, the company Traf-O-Data, organized in 1972, although it has brought some profit, it was in general not too successful. Crushed price competition partners were forced to " cover up " their businesses. However, what other could break ,to Allen and Gates was just a good lesson for the future.
In winter 1974 Paul Allen came across was published in Popular Electronics magazine article about the world`s first personal computer Altair MITS production. Confident in the future success of desktop computers, he realized that this is exactly what you need. As a programmer Paul realizedWithout convenient programming language Altair was practically useless for enthusiast computing. Of the same opinion and Gates. The case for small - to " teach" the first personalku language and do not miss this chance is for the work does not come from others. Uniqueness situation consisted in the fact ,Allen and Gates were on hand almost finished project BASIC Interpreter created even while working on his own project Traf-O-Data. Adapt it to the Altair was a matter of technique. It remained convinced of the rightness of their ideas guide MITS, a manufacturer of personal computers ,and this was done with his usual youth perseverance and assertiveness. As a result, Paul Allen was hired into the MITS, and friends received a contract to develop a programming language for the Altair and. .. office to work in the bargain. Who would have known that this was the beginning of a legend. ..In 1975 there was a significant event - Allen and Gates first used the name Micro-Soft. The source code for BASIC language interpreter, created by order of the MITS, friends and included this line : "Micro-Soft BASIC: Bill Gates wrote a lot of stuff; Paul Allen wrote some other stuff ". As admitted later, Bill Gates ,they are with Paul long tormented, inventing a name for the new company. Outcorporated Inc. or Unlimited Ltd. it was too impersonal, " Allen and Gates " looked like a law office. It required something else. And this "other" was found - the name was derived from the core and, at first ,the only activities companions - creating software (SOFTware) for microcomputers (MICROcomputer). Later, writing the name changed - Microsoft, and the sphere of interests of the company over the past quarter of a century tozheneskolko expanded. The joint business Paul Allen was engaged in technical ideas and promising developments, Gates close were negotiations, contracts, and other business communication. Yet the main issues pals decide together - sometimes as Gates confessed later, the debate continued for 6-8 hours at a time. Probably,Rod Allen in science to the detriment of commerce was the cause of what later started their own companies and have not been able to achieve the success that has made Microsoft. And this despite the fact that Paul Allen`s company, and are represented on the program market, realizing the original and in their revolutionary ideas. However, it is thenand for the joint brainchild of Allen and Gates`s finest hour came in 1980. That`s when IBM asked the not too big and not yet very well-known company Microsoft with the proposal to adapt the number of programming languages for use on IBM PC personal computer, which was supposed to be on the market in 1981. During the negotiations, it became clear that IBM representatives were not averse to find and artist, which is contracted to develop an operating system for a new computer. Neglecting such a possibility was not in Microsoft rules, and partners agreed. Just do not think that friends were too overconfident, hand in the development of " OSes "That is called from the ground. Then I had a little trick - Allen and Gates know where you can buy almost ready operating system. Tim Paterson (Tim Paterson), who worked in Seattle Compute Products, had already developed the Q-DOS (Quick Disk Operating System - fast disk operating system) for the 16-bit Intel processors. The trick lies in the fact that during the negotiations the acquisition of Q-DOS in any case it was impossible to understand the sellers that Allen and Gates already has a buyer for this system. Gates, as the main negotiator, had to sweat over it, but the combination of a brilliant success. However, purchased less than 0 thousand. (According to some reports, per thousand, on the other -.. Per thousand) , the system had to be recycled, because she had to work on 8 - bit processors. We must pay tribute to the enthusiasm for future billionaires : striving to meet the deadline, they worked almost round the clock and, according to Allen himself, was the day when they, along with Bill ,without stopping, sat behind a computer 36 hours straight. And the partners had. But the focus was not that of PC-DOS (the first MS-DOS version), the acquisition of which cost tens of thousands of dollars, the IBM immediately paid 6 thousand. The main success was thatthat under the terms of the contract signed by the parties IBM has committed to sell only computers PC-DOS, with Microsoft deducting the interest from each sold car. Allen made no mistake when evaluating the future prospects of the development of microprocessor technology, and Gates was a good negotiator, signing a contract ,who now lead managers as a textbook example on IBM`s mistakes.
Bill Gates about Paul Allen : " As we work together there was no serious disagreement. The only thing that brings some tensions, is the fact that I occasionally had to call in the morning and Paul remindedthat it was a good idea to get up and go to work. " Allen could well say that " life is good ", because it is not in the least pulled back from his father`s parting words just deal with the fact that he really likes. But in 1982, a tense and busy life to the limit Allen work suddenly changed abruptly. While in Paris ,during a tour of Europe to advertise some products Microsoft, Allen felt bad. The reason was incomprehensible lump on his neck. Sex before being at something similar, but their strange sensations and deterioration blamed on fatigue. This time, things took a serious turn too. .. I had to go back to Seattle ,where doctors put depressing diagnosis - Hodgkin`s disease, a form of cancer. 22 months of radiotherapy produced results. The disease has receded, but the change itself Allen. As he said later : " In 30 years, face to face with death, you realize that it would be nice to do and things, which have never had the time. "Allen had 2 years left - if by that time the disease does not give a relapse, treatment can be considered successful, if not. .. At first, Paul still continued to perform his duties at Microsoft, but in 1983 he parted ways with the company, retaining a considerable stake and a board seat.
Introduced the " breathing space ", to be exact ,anxiety and a painful two-year waiting period for the results of treatment, Allen used to communicate with my family, reading, traveling, scuba diving and other worldly pleasures, which suddenly acquired special significance for him.
Fortunately, the disease did not produce a relapse. " After everything I experienced just I felt in another place "- Says Paul Allen. " Time to live " - was his motto. And Allen decided not to return to Microsoft. His fortune, which ran into several billion dollars, it is possible to do so.
The disease and the ensuing recovery was awakened in Paul Allen dormant until the craving for beauty.He has got a great collection of original Roman statues and collected at many of the works of the French Impressionists. Like a child playing with toy soldiers, Allen became the owner of two sports teams - he owned the Portland Trail Blazers, playing in the National Basketball League championships (NBA),and the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League (NFL). He spent 2 million to build a sports complex in Seattle, known as the " Rose Quarter " (Rose Quarter), and got his own plane. It carries Allen friends in the games of their teams in other cities and have time to bring them home to Seattle in time for the nightly news release. "Nice guy," Paul Allen can afford it. Just as he sometimes can not afford, and other oddities. For example, in August 2001, the world`s news agencies reported extravagant voyage Allen in St. Petersburg. Company he was about two hundred western VIP-persons ,among whom were movie stars and protagonists of world business entities and art, including Sir Paul McCartney and Tom Hanks. How enthusiastically telling their readers and listeners secular chroniclers, invitations were placed in a polished wooden box, inside each of which purple- satingold imperial colors reclined egg made of precious stones - a copy of Faberge. But invitations themselves were written on parchment, and placed in boxes. Guests were invited to come to the nearest airport - in London " Heathrow ", or the New York airport, " Kennedy " - to choose from,where a private jet took them to Helsinki, and from there the entire company in a private plane Boeing Paul Allen moved to St. Petersburg. Final destination was the luxury cruise ship " Navigator of the Seven Seas " docked in St. Petersburg harbor, where each guest accommodation at a cost of 00 per night. As we found out the same ubiquitous reporters cultural program of entertainment activities included a visit to a sailing ship, riding in helicopters to the Estonian capital and back, private tour of the Hermitage Museum and the other at least entertaining entertainment. And it was not the first such " walk", organized by Allen.He has invited his guests to cruise Alaska, which cost 6.3 million pounds, and organized no less fascinating trip to Venice.
Allowing himself sometimes extravagant behavior, Allen no stranger to charity, and, in part, the reason lies in the experienced Paul illness. A person who visited the verge of death, in a different way about moneyRealizing that in life there are other values. Allen donates significant funds to hospitals and research funds, engaged in the fight against AIDS and cancer. It finances Shakespeare Festival in Oregon, and in 1988 passed the million Washington University on behalf of the organization Allen Library, named in memory of his father who when-then in charge of the university library. Since the mid 90s, when the US Congress refused to finance research programs extraterrestrial SETI (Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence), Allen provides financial assistance to astronomers employed a difficult search for the mind of brothers. Allenovskaya philanthropy extends to the museum institution. The very good guitar player (he even recorded an album with his rock band Grown Men), Paul Allen is a passionate fan of Jimi Hendrix and Pink Floyd. For this reason, in his hometown of Seattle, Allen opened a grand and everything is not like a museum of rock music ,later developed into an independent project - Experience Music Project (http://www.experience.org/). In the spring of 2001, the Network was reported that, with reference to the note in the newspaper Seattle Times, said that someone bought the space where in 1975, Allen and Gates started to build the current empire of Microsoft.And although the buyer wished to remain anonymous, there is reason to believe that it has become just Paul Allen - the space was purchased by a company registered at Paul Allen`s lawyer. So, it is quite possible that in the coming years, Allen gave the world another museum,spending for the benefit of society and their own pleasure for the sake of another part of his vast state.
However, no matter how great the state, it will certainly be over, if not to make the money work. And Paul Allen understands this. However, the company created by them, specializing in innovation and advanced technology ,not always bring a high income. Even in 1985, Allen founded Asymetrix company, the main focus of which was to be the creation of application development tools. Moreover, these development tools were supposed to be so simple that they could enjoy even people who are not too versed in programming. Alas,ToolBook program, experts from Asymetrix creative product, and has not won a special popularity among users.
By the failures can be attributed, and financing Allen Company Skypix, has been studying the methods of compression and transmission of information. The ultimate goal of the research was to be the development of an interactive satellite broadcasting, an era which is believed to Allen, is not far off. It is said that reading the proposed compression technology, Allen was ecstatic, calling it " astonishing ". That was enough forto immediately invest in the company million. In the early 90s it became clear, however, that the current level of technology does not allow to implement the revolutionary ideas of the developers, and in 1992 Skypix went bankrupt, leaving debts to 0 million.
Finally, it was a fiasco, and one of the most ambitious projects of Paul Allen - the company Interval Research Corp.She had become the embodiment of the dream of an ideal laboratory where scientists are free from the burden of commercial research, would be engaged in pure science. Faithful to its principles foresee the future, Allen wanted to grope technologies that are unlikely to be in demand in the next 5-10 years, but will become commonplace 15-20 years. Thatthat in March 1992, began as a fairy tale, completed 8 years later as a utopia - April 21, 2000 Paul Allen officially announced the end of " the great " experiment. Although it may very well be that a quarter of a billion dollars spent on pure science and not in vain, and Allen himself appeared far more crafty than think of him. Many analysts have expressed the view that all the legacy of the "great sages ", which is almost one hundred and fifty patents embodied ideas and inventions that remain after the death of " fairy tale " of the enterprise, will be used by specialists Vulcan Ventures - the current parent company Allen. And these assumptions are not groundless - all employees of Interval Research Corp. severance signed an agreement not to disclose information about his previous work, which was backed by solid cash payments. So it is quite likely that Allen, like a fakir ,will soon surprise the world hidden for the time being inventions and technologies.
And yet, it is not necessary to believe that the past years have seen a succession of failures, setbacks and financial losses on the part of Paul Allen. Since the 80s, he invested his fortune in the huge number of media ,telecommunications and entertainment companies. His investment group Vulcan Ventures owns one of the largest cable communications systems in the United States. Allen is a shareholder of more than 140 successful companies, including DreamWorks SKG, ZDTV, Priceline.com, NorthPoint Communications. Besides,Sex is the main investor in Ticketmaster Group (http://www.ticketmaster.com), which sells tickets to entertainment and sporting events. And all this without counting the shares of Microsoft, which Allen quietly selling. By the way, not so long ago, in late 2000, Paul Allen finally broke up with her most successful project ,started more than 25 years ago together with Bill Gates. He resigned from the board of directors of Microsoft, while retaining the post of chief adviser on strategy, because Bill Gates is unlikely to tolerate near him as an advisor someone other than Allen friendship which lasted for four decades. as Allen himself explains his step that he needs more time to their own business projects and work in charitable organizations.
Here`s a he, " good guy " Paul Allen, the billionaire who was asked how he would like to be remembered by the people, answers: "I will be quite happy if I am remembered as a person ,who enjoyed working in a team of like-minded on the creation of new technologies, as a man who was trying to create useful things for society. "
Octopus, Paul Allen yacht
Tatoosh, Paul Allen yacht