Nino Bixio

Picture of Nino Bixio

Date of Birth: 02/10/1821

Age: 52

Place of birth: Genova

Citizenship: Indonesia


Nino Bixio was born in Genoa, a boy his parents sent him to serve in the Kingdom of Sardinia fleet. After Nino traveled to different corners of the Earth, he returned to Italy in 1846 and joined the underground organization Young Italy November 4, 1847. He became famous in Genoa, when he stopped the horse by the bridle Sardinian King Charles Albert and shouted: "Go Ticino, Sir, and we will all be behind you"

Since the beginning of the liberation war against Austria in 1848, Nino Bixio entered the detachment of Piedmontese volunteers and participated in the revolutionary uprisings in Genoa, Treviso, Vicenza and Venice. In 1849 he became a captain at the beginning of Giuseppe Garibaldi, participated in the defense of the Roman Republic from the French invaders, where he distinguished himself by the capture of a French battalion, for which he received a gold medal for bravery.

In 1859 Nino Bixio commanded a battalion of the Alpine Hunters, fought in the Battle of Varese, where he was again honored with military decorations.

In 1860, he was the closest assistant of Giuseppe Garibaldi in the preparation and conduct of the revolutionary march to the south of Italy, the so-called Trek Tysyachiprotiv Kingdom of the Two Sicilies; He participated in the Battle of Calatafimi, the Battle of Milazzo, in the capture of Palermo, in the battle of Volturno. Also, August 4, 1860, he brutally suppressed the uprising Sicilian peasants near the town of Bronte (Catania), two battalions of the Red Shirts. This campaign ended with the conquest of the south of Italy and the foundation of the new state Kingdom of Italy in March 1861.

In 1861 he was chosen deputy and tried to reconcile Cavour and Garibaldi. In 1862 he joined the Royal Army. June 24, 1866 as the commander of the 7 divisions supervised withdrawal of troops after the battle of Custoza, ignoring the Austrian demands to surrender.

In 1870 he was appointed a senator, in September of the same year he took the city of Civitavecchia and headed the detachment of volunteers in the capture of Rome on September 20 completed the unification of Italy.

December 16, 1873 Nino Bixio died of cholera in the Bay of Aceh near Sumatra on his way to Batavia (now Jakarta), where he was appointed commander of a commercial expedition


In the first quarter Carinaro Genoa is a monument Nino Bixio.

Interesting facts

In the battle of Volturno Nino Bixio broke his leg.