Date of Birth: 06/01/1911
Place of birth: Moscow
book. "Sex Symbols of Russia", s.64-76
Author: Fedor Ra`zac
Nikolai Kryuchkov was born in Moscow, in the so-called Pokrovsky barracks that at Krasnaya Presnya. As he later recalled: "Why am I so tenacious Probably because my mother went to the cellar for sauerkraut and there I gave birth to seven months, and then went out, raised ...?" The validity of these words can be checked on this fact: in addition Nikolai Kryuchkov in the family were still seven children, but six of them later died.
According to the memoirs of Kryuchkov, as a child he was desperate boy, yard bully, and could well have "thunder" in the homeless. However, fate was kind to him. At the age of 14 he went to study at the school on Trekhgorka and studied there engraver by profession-recuperator. School, he graduated successfully and received the ninth highest category of the working grid. In those same years, Kryuchkov became involved in amateur performances, his talents attracted attention. What did he just could not: and play the accordion and sing and dance (especially famously beat tap dance). His stage debut took place in 1927 in the play-installation "1905", where Kryuchkov played three roles: revolutionary worker, police officer and merchant-hawker. According to witnesses, the role of police officer in the performance of 16-year-old Kryuchkov was particularly colorful and funny.
In 1928, Kryuchkov joined in the studio at the Theatre of Working Youth (TRAM). Mother was unhappy son`s choice, as always wanted to see it in a solid position, not in the role of a comedian. However, Hooks, playing on the stage of the studio, and continued to work on Trekhgorka and almost a family.
19-year-old tram in Kryuchkov was busy only in episodic roles. The most notable works of the young actor was at that time the role in two plays: "Moscow 10. 10", where he played Sasha-seasonal, and "Call, factory committee". It was his last performance and saw the fall of 1931 the film director Boris Barnet, who invited Kryuchkov try his hand at cinema. In the movie "Outskirts" actor was to play a small role Senka-cobbler. As he later recalled Nikolai Kryuchkov: "When I started to audition for the role, it seemed to me the most, that all life is only a shoemaker craft and takes only a hammer, I had in my left hand - left-handed, I ... I think I was. lucky because my first film director was the most talented people. "
"Outskirts" The film was released in 1933 and had great success with the audience. A year later he was sent to the Venice Film Festival, where he was awarded an honorary prize. Thus, Kryuchkov`s film debut was extremely successful. Therefore, their collaboration with B. Barnett continued further. In 1934, the director once again invited Kryuchkov for a role in his next film, "In the blue sea." This time it was a comedy, and our hero went in it a central role - the role of Alexis.
After this film Kryuchkov noted. Offers removed showered on him from all sides, and he never refused, not disdaining even play negative characters. Over the next four years, he starred in the films "The special case", "The Return of Maxim", "Man with a Gun", "Komsomolsk", "On the border". During the filming of one of the films with Kryuchkov was an unpleasant story.
In 1936 director Mikhail Romm began shooting the film "Thirteen." The film was about the Soviet border guards, who have entered into an unequal battle with the gang Basmachi in the Karakum Desert. The role of the commander of the detachment of border guards got in this film our hero (Romm met him through his future wife Elena Kuzmin, who was a partner in two films Kryuchkov B. Barnet). Starring in this film, which has access to the screens in 1937, became the highest grossing film of the season, Kryuchkov could well become famous a few years earlier. However, this did not happen, and the blame was the actor himself. What happened? This tells E. Saveliev: "terrible stomach infection on the set of" Thirteen "was a danger of" green dragon "declared the first day of shooting (13 April 1936) for the whole group this day was a holiday People came out in the morning in a solemn mood... . and the actor who played the role of commander of the detachment - no They rushed to search turned out that he was "not in the form of" Play can not and so a few times and it was not just him that actor has been a prominent and influential figure...... in the cinematic world. Young people began to imitate him. There was a threat that the team can break.
And here Romm has shown amazing will and energy of the organizer. He built the whole group in a row. Sam stood in front of us, some particularly tight, strict collected. Usually uncharacteristic tone he "ordered" of the fighter detachment of this sometime in Moscow for violation of military discipline. Romm took the correct position and in time took the only right decision, from which depended the fate of all our work. After that set the order: actors always went to the shooting in the form and time. Every thought, since with "it", he did so and was not afraid, what will happen to us, not yet famous.
And so it happened that in the film the fighters in the unit remained twelve. But it is not noticeable. Nobody also will not count to thirteen on the screen even when the squad is built in a chain. "
It is clear that the actor, expelled from the group for drunkenness, appeared Kryuchkov. Why he could not resist the temptation to "green snake"? The fact is that the passion for alcohol woke up quite early in Kryuchkov - a teenager at Trekhgorka he learned to drink as adults. At first, he simply imitated the elders, flaunted his ability to drink a lot and do not get drunk. Then the mischief grew into a habit. And to end it once and for all Kryuchkov has failed. In the future, this fatal passion is not once again put the artist in a difficult position on the set, although it will be more forgiving because of the huge popularity among the people.
Meanwhile, the conflict on the set of "Thirteen" almost no impact on the creative employment Kryuchkov. It continued to actively remove the other directors. From the role of the actor in the role of accumulating the necessary experience, growing up in his skills and patiently waited for his "finest hour." And he came in the middle of 1938, when the director Ivan Kryuchkov Pyryev offered the lead role in his new film "Tractor." His partner in the film was to be directed by his wife Marina Ladynina, a rising star of the Soviet cinema.
Actual shooting took place in summer 1938 in the wilderness, on the shores of the Southern Bug, in the village Guryevka. The cast team slumped extremely friendly and close-knit, especially among men. Also Kryuchkov in the film starring already popular and debutant Peter Kleynikov Boris Andreyev. It was this trio set the tone on the set, and sometimes with them could not manage even such a decisive director as Pyryev. Witnesses said that during the break between filming the picture there was an episode. Kryuchkov, Andreev Aleynikov and suddenly began to argue which of them drink more vodka. Kryuchkov said that it costs nothing to be emptied once ten (!) Stopar not drunk. In response, colleagues laughed at him, calling Trepachev. And then Kryuchkov, in front of stunned companions, one after another, overturning a claimed ten stacks, said: "Well?" - And immediately went to sleep. More from him on this matter no one argued.
When the film "Tractor" was released on the screens of the country in 1939, he was waiting for an unprecedented success with audiences. The songs "Three Tank Crew", "Hello, my dear," and "Armor is strong and our tanks are fast ..." sang the whole country. All actors who played the main role in the film (M. Ladynina N. Kryuchkov, P. Aleynikov, B. Andreev), became instant celebrities all-union, and in 1941 all four will be awarded the Stalin Prize. The greatest popularity and love of the audience went to Nikolai Kryuchkov - his Klim Bright has become one of the most popular personalities in the Soviet prewar cinema. With his example literally took millions of young people in everyday life.
On the set of "tractor" Kryuchkov I became acquainted with a young student of GITIS Maria Pastukhova. They fell in love and after work on the painting were married. The wedding was celebrated in the new room in a communal, where Kryuchkov moved out of the dorm Trekhgorka eve celebrations. On the part of the groom were not many guests, while the bride brought with her almost all of its undergraduate courses.
After the resounding success "tractor" invitation to appear on Kryuchkov showered in abundance. One after another, the film with his participation: "Vyborg Side," "The Night in September," "Yakov Sverdlov", "Member of the Government," "Behind Enemy Lines", "Pig and shepherd". In the latter film, Kryuchkov got the role, then his acting a little peculiar image - varmint Kuzma. As recalled the actor himself: "When I began acting in this film, to me he showed up" by degrees "my friend Vasily Stalin and started yelling that I did not dare to play this role, not Pokhabov my previous images, favorite people face even." Exile Siberia. "And I answered him, sang:" I Siberia, Siberia, I fear not, Siberia, too, the Russian land, "in the morning he called to apologize.".
From the very first days of the war Kryuchkov began to ask at the front, but the commissar persuaded him to stay. "Filming in the movie, you will bring to the Motherland is not less good than at the front," - he said the actor. And hooks himself into work with his head. In 1942, he was shot simultaneously in five scenes: "Kotovsky", "Front", "Antosha Rybkin," "In the Name of the Fatherland" and "A guy from our city." The last movie that has become one of the most popular during the Great Patriotic War. While working on it Kryuchkov collapsed from exhaustion and was taken to hospital. But for a long time lying there did not allow the circumstances, and barely having recovered, the actor returned to the set.
In 1945, the actor went wrong family life: his wife left him Maria Pastukhov. It is likely that the reason given by the actor himself, who then became interested in another woman. She was a young actress Alla Parfanyak (she was a student at the Shchukin School), which Kryuchkov met while filming "Heavenly slug", where she played a major role. According to the film`s release he was severely scolded criticism (they say, can not be so lightly to show the war) ... and enthusiastically took the audience.
After the war, Soviet cinema had not the best of times, and then the film was shot very little. However, despite this, Kryuchkov could not sit at home without work. In those years, on the screens out the following films with his participation: "The machine is 22-12", "Generous summer", "Maxim". However, only the roles in two films bring the actor creative satisfaction: in "Maxim" and in the film "Star". This film was shot in 1948, but on the screens out of the country only in 1953. Why? That`s what says about N. Kryuchkov himself: "In this film, Stalin did not like that my hero - Sergeant Mamochkin - before they blow themselves up, says," That`s so, "and" not "For Stalin". And now banned ... "
Since the mid 50`s creative activity Kryuchkov continues to amaze the audience. For example, in 1954 it was withdrawn in four films in 1956 - five. However, most of these roles did not bring a new actor of success, but they did not allow the audience to forget about this actor (as happened, for example, P. Aleynikov Ladynina M., V. Marecki et al.). In the late 50s, only two of the film, which starred Kryuchkov, the newly awakened interest in him by critics and audiences. This "Rumyantsev Case" and "cruelty".
In 1957, a second marriage broke up, and Kryuchkov: Alla Parfanyak left him, taking with him a son (she later became the wife of Mikhail Ulyanov). Left alone, the actor soon moved into a one-room apartment (11 meters) on the first floor in the center of Moscow. There he led and his third wife, Honored Master of Sports Zoya Kochanowski. With her he had met in 1959 when filming the movie "Home". After the wedding, they promised to give a new apartment, but to enter into it the couple was not destined. Soon after the tragedy occurred. Says A. Arshansky: "We were returning from an expedition to Leningrad, drove in three" jeep "in the center of Zoe told her to wait, she wanted to buy a lipstick We stopped, she crossed the street, bought a lipstick, and when returning back.. before our eyes, three meters away from us, it brought down the military "Studebaker." she died at us with Kryuchkov in his arms. two days later we flew together in a cargo plane, just us and the coffin, which was hanging on the plane. "
N. Kryuchkov after this tragedy with hardly regained consciousness. His friends, fearing for him, relentlessly were with him. Gradually the pain subsided, and two years after that the actor met his last love - on the set of the next film he met the 30-year-old assistant director Lydia Nikolayevna. Here is what she says about it: "One day during lunch, he invited me to sit him at the table I replied that I had no time, because a lot of the work turns out, there were well-wishers who said Nikolai Afanasievich I.." Busy ", and even called the name of the man of the crew. Kryuchkov himself was a man of direct, frank, and because everyone believed in. When I found out about it, then explained that he had been misled.
Soon Nikolai went to the shooting in Sochi, and before this said that he likes me and he will definitely come back to me. On the eve of his departure, he decided to have a feast. I thought that it will only hurt his health. NoNikolay insisted, and I protest at the feast did not come. Then Kryuchkov found me and said: "This question we will adjust, the point others have made so that when I came back, there was no talk, wounding my soul.". I replied that if he is all the time with me, then so be it ...
He came, as promised, gave me a birthday, made an offer and went back to the shooting. Before the November holidays 62 th he returned to Moscow from Sochi, and I - from Caneva. Our train traveled through the scheduled two hours. He was at home before. When I arrived, Nicholas immediately called and said: "We meet with you tomorrow and never parted." He warned that, if I cheat, it will be his biggest disappointment. According to him, he found what he was looking at me ... "
In this marriage their daughter was born soon, called Elvira.
In 60-70s Hooks went on to star in the movie, was busy in several productions studio theater actor. In 1965, he was finally awarded the title of People`s Artist of the USSR. He was what is called a "living legend" of Soviet cinema, and any director is honored to invite him for yourself at least a small, but a role in his next film. Numerous all-Union film festivals Kryuchkov was an honorary member of the jury, often represented Soviet cinema abroad. However, despite the enormous popularity of this actor in the people, and sometimes he had to be the victim of an elementary rudeness. Narrated by actor V. Soshalsky: "In Yalta, filmed" The sailor with the "Comet". I lived in the house of the WTO recreation and Kryuchkov - People`s Artist of the Union, winner of all imaginable awards - in the most expensive hotel on the waterfront. Suddenly one calls me: "Boy, black ... s came Kryuchkov and foreign tourists being evicted from the room for two days I put I - an elderly person you help me bring a suitcase!.!?" - "Where?" - "Down in the boiler room, - responsible Kryuchkov -. There`s my friend ..." - "So, maybe, to me, to my room?". - "No, it is more comfortable to me ..."
I came, took his suitcase, took down ... "Thank you, boy, you`re no longer needed, - thanked Uncle Kolya -. You will come, when these leave."
Afanasievich Nicholas was one of the most popular movie stars in the country, but the studio paid for his rubles, and the "black s ..." as he called them, were paid in dollars. "
Kryuchkov`s most successful works in film in 70 years can be considered films: "The address of your house", "Citizens" and "Autumn Marathon".
In 1980, Nikolai Kryuchkov was named a Hero of Socialist Labor.
About how Kryuchkov was in everyday life, says his wife LN Kryuchkov: "He always believed that the market and vice versa, I must travel only by car, but not on the bus I could invite someone to help get out of the. apartment, wash clothes. He always said that if it`s hard, you have to hire someone. always ask what I need. Once there was a funny episode. when asked Nicholas Afanasevicha that I need, I said, well, this I did not ask him:.. "Why?" - "Yes, I need bread," He "brought" I was surprised: "Well, you go to the bakery?" husband: "Why.? I`ll come to the theater, ask any young actor, and he told me to bring at least ten loaves. "
As he did not go shopping. When there were orders, always brought. Refrigerator he has not opened even once, kettle never delivered. But not made any claims. If I do not, it will wait, and all one answer: "It does not matter." No dinner - will quietly watch TV or read the newspaper, wait for me ... "
In 1985, film director with "Mosfilm" Elena Mikhailova conceived a sequel of the film "A guy from our town", to talk about what has become the main characters of the film 40 years later. Naturally, the central role are the same Nikolai Kryuchkov, and Lidiya Smirnova were invited. Although the picture is not replicate the success of the previous film, but the audience greeted her warmly. The film was called "I believe in love."
Throughout his life, Kryuchkov was an avid fisherman (first picked up a fishing rod in 6 years), but before he died in recent months, he almost did not get out of bed in a holiday village Iksha. Therefore I Rybachy him his wife, Lidia, and he, when he could, sat side by side on the bench, and was worried about her success. Many he could no longer speak, the constant smoking, he developed a tumor in his throat. Drink it dropped in 1970, once and for all.
Nikolai Kryuchkov died on April 13, 1994. He was the 83rd year.