Date of Birth: 03/13/1891
Place of birth: Riga
CONRAD, Nikolai I. (1891-1970), Russian Orientalist, historian of world culture. Born in Riga, 1 (13) in March 1891. In 1912 he graduated from the University of St. Petersburg; in 1914-1917 he trained in Japan. In 1920-1922 the rector of the University of Oryol. In 1922-1938 he taught at the Petrograd / Leningrad University and the Leningrad Institute of Living Oriental Languages, since 1926 as a professor. In 1930-1938 - Head of Cabinet of the Japanese Institute of Oriental Studies. In 1938 he was arrested (released in 1941). In 1941-1949 the head of the Japanese department of Moscow Institute of Oriental Studies, from 1943 until the end of life - in the Institute of Oriental Studies in Moscow. Since 1958, academician of the USSR. Conrad died in Moscow on September 30, 1970.
Conrad - the founder of the national school of Japanese studies, produced a large number of students. Publications 1910-1930-ies are devoted to different fields of Japanese Studies: culture, literature, theater, language and history. Translated Japanese literary monuments (The Tales of Ise et al.), The ancient Chinese military treatise by Sun Tzu and Wu Tzu. In 1950-1960-ies performed with publications devoted to general problems of world culture and history, most included in the book East and West (1966; 2nd ed 1972.). I put forward the concept of "Eastern Renaissance", popular among Soviet scholars in the humanities in 1950-1970-ies.