Celebiography.net

Nikolay Golovin

Picture of Nikolay Golovin

Citizenship: Russia

Background

Son General of Infantry, NM Golovin - party defense of Sevastopol in the Crimean War, the head of the movement of troops and military supplies to the Russian army (1886 - 1896 gg.). In 1984 he graduated from the Corps of Pages, in 1900 completed the General Staff Academy (Naghsh). In 1896 published his 1st print job - "1812 Patriotic War and its heroes.". He served in the Guards horse artillery brigade in the 1894 - 1897 gg.; in the 37th Infantry and the 2nd Guards Infantry Division senior adjutant of staff in 1901 - 1902. and the commander of the squadron in 1902 - 1903 gg .; Guard troops at the headquarters of the Petrograd Military District, and in the position of chief officer for special assignments, and Assistant Adjutant (1903 - 1904 gg.); in the Warsaw fortress, as the chief combatant branches in 1905. In the period 1905 - 1909. - The head of the movement of the troops of the Petrograd district Dvina, combining service with the scientific activities of the Company zealots military knowledge (in 1905 - 1907. - His secretary). In 1907 he defended his thesis on military psychology on the theme: "Research of the battle. The research activity and properties of the human as a fighter," the title of extraordinary professor Naghsh. In this thesis, one of the first to substantiate the importance of moral and spiritual qualities of a soldier. On February 6, 1908 to April 18, 1909. combined performance of their duties with teaching in Naghsh. In the autumn of 1908 he was seconded for a year to the French Military Academy - "Ecole superieur de querre" for the study of foreign experience in the higher military school. While in Paris, he established friendly relations with the head of the academy - General F. Foch. Upon his return to Russia presented a report - "The French Higher Military School" where substantiated the need for reorganization of military training in Russia. Mainly when he considered the study of tactics and psychology of the masses of soldiers, "the transfer of training center of gravity to the application of knowledge to the particular case", combining theoretical knowledge with application. He expressed these ideas in which he defended in 1909 dissertation on the title of full professor, in his lecture "The experience of applied teaching method in teaching the tactics of the Imperial Nikolaev Military Academy" in 1912 In 1910, adapted to the practical implementation of its reform program in the learning process Academy. He conducted research in the field of development of military art and military psychology: "Higher Military School", "Introduction to tactics," "SluzhbaGeneralnogo Staff Operations Service." - 1912 .; "Natural selection and social selection in public life", "The history of military art as a science" - in 1913 his proposals for the reorganization of the educational process does not enjoy the support of the Minister of War, General V. Sukhomlinov and professors of the Academy, led by General A. Bioware. The conflict has forced them Colonel Golitsyn in the beginning of 1914 Naghsh off the wall, he was sent to the commander of the 20th Dragoon Regiment of Finland in Lappeenranta. Soon Naghsh left and his associates innovators. World War I met the commander of the 2nd Life Guards Grodno Hussars, he successfully commanded during the Galician battle in August - September 1914 For "valiant command of the regiment," made a major general, he was awarded the George weapons and 4 decorations. In November 1914, after being wounded and a concussion, was appointed Quartermaster General Staff of the 9th Army from October 1915 - Chief of Staff of the 7th Army, to April 1917 - Chief of Staff of Army Group in Romania at the Romanian front. In the period when these command positions led the development and was directly involved in the implementation of more than 30 large-scale military operations, including Brusilov Offensive, marked another 5th awards, received the rank of lieutenant general. In the spring of 1917 promoted to the post of Chief Naghsh but iz-za independent judgments Golovin, the appointment did not take place. The collapse of the front and the October Revolution of 1917 met the Chief of Staff of the Romanian front. In December 1918, went through Odessa to Paris, and then - in London, where he was an assistant on military matters, SD Sazonov. He took part in the negotiations with the Whites allies to provide assistance to the White armies. In the summer of 1919 Kolchak accepted the invitation to lead his staff, arrived in Omsk. He commanded the 16th Division Sarapul. Chapter volunteer units of the White Army Russian East - teams of the Holy Cross, Crescent, Green Banner and others entirely died fighting against the Bolsheviks. In August of 1919 he stopped the red on the distant approaches to Omsk. As they developed the plan and with his direct participation, in September - October 1919 Tobolsk offensive and as part of it - Petropavlovsk army offensive. In October 1919, in the aftermath of a concussion, received them on the German front, evacuated to Tokyo. In 1920 - he was evacuated to France in connection with the white lesions in the east of Russia. Until 1944, he lived in France. Emigration happens flowering of his military-scientific activity. Golovin wrote a whole series of works on the history of I-st World War II: "From the history of the campaign in 1914 on the Russian front" in 4 volumes. Prague - Paris, 1925 - 1940. Golovin analyzed as a separate campaign to Russian-German front, and the use of labor forces in the war in such works as "Aviation in the last war and the future." Belgrade, 1922; "Modern cavalry." Belgrade, 1924 - 29; "Tanks in the last war and in the future." Prague, 1925. Golovin considered and problems of military and strategic studies, for example, "Pacific is a problem in the twentieth century." Prague 1924, co-written with A. Bubnov; "Modern strategic and political situation in China. Paris, 1932;" Modern strategic situation in the Far East ". Belgrade, 1934;" Why is the United Kingdom? "(Strategic Studies). Riga, 1935;" Italo-Abyssinian War. "Paris 1935. These works have found a broad response in academic and political circles around the world. For the specialists of particular interest are his work on the combat use of aviation in modern warfare, written in collaboration with his son - M. Golovin: "air Strategy". London 1936 "Views on Air Defence". London, 1938. in order to publish in 1927 - 1932. series under the auspices of the Carnegie Endowment for "Economic and Social History of the World War", he wrote in 1931 book "the Russian Army in the world war ", which brought him international fame. in addition, Golovin made in these years a lot of work on the martial art in general, and military sociology in particular. he took an active e participation in educational and research institutions in Europe and the United States. he taught the history of I-st world war II in the French Military Academy, he was a professor of Russian History and Philology at the University of Paris, member of the Russian academic group. From 1926 to 1940. - The official representative of the military Hoover Library in Paris, visited in 1930 - 1931 gg. War College in Washington and Stanford University, California, where he gave a series of lectures on the history of I-st World War. Collaborated with the PA Sorokin; became interested in the new field of science, Golovin was one of the founders of a special sphere of sociological knowledge - sociology of war, wrote a paper on this topic - "On social study of the war." Belgrade 1937. From 1932 he worked on his main work - "The Science of War. On the sociological study of the war," Paris, 1938. According to the problems of military sociology was speaking at the 12th International Congress of Sociology in Brussels in 1935. The last of his fundamental work It was the book "war Russia`s efforts in world war II" in 2 volumes. Paris 1939, which was the main idea of the dependence of the troops from the social and political causes. Books Golovin published in Russian, English, French, Spanish, Serbian. Golovin name associated with the production of the military education of Russian immigrants. Since 1922 he creates circles on military education for Russian abroad. By 1925 there were 52 of these circles, which involved 550 participants. On behalf of the Grand Duke Nicholas Romanov, Golovin organized courses studying military affairs, opened March 22, 1927 his inaugural lecture. Golovin discovered correspondence courses and courses in the Paris branch of Belgrade in 1931, and then in Brussels. In Belgrade courses opened Russian military-scientific institute in 1936 at the Paris - Research Institute for War and Peace in 1938. After training in Paris in the autumn of 1939, more than 400 officers took over 12 years, 82 of which received completed higher education. Belgrade courses produced until 1944. 6 issues - about 200 officers, 77 of whom completed the full course. Edited by Golovin also went "informant" magazine. Formally, it did not belong to political parties, but it was very right, advocated active struggle against the Soviet Union. In 1920 - 1923 years. - The organization of N. Tchaikovsky`s "center of the action", one of the leaders of EMRO. With the occupation of France by Germany took over in the collaborationist committee mutual Russian immigrants transformed in April 1942 in the administration of Russian immigrants in France. At this time, Golovin was engaged in sending Russian volunteers to work in Germany, and the completion of the Vlasov army officers. Germany`s defeat and death in August 1943, his wife, finding her only son Michael, an aeronautical engineer, one of the leading members of the military-technical intelligence RAF in a hostile camp undermined his strength. He died of a heart attack and was buried in the cemetery of Sainte-Genevieve-des-Bois. His personal archive in 1947 was deposited at the Hoover Institution Library. In Soviet Russia, for all the time it was published only two of his works: "The service of the General Staff Intelligence Service." (1918) by removal from a search of the manuscript Odessa; "The Pacific is a problem in the twentieth century" (1925). For the most part, its scientific heritage in the homeland is still unknown.