From 1706 he studied (with his brother) in the Navigation School. In 1708 the two brothers were sent by Peter I for the study of marine affairs in England and Holland. Golovin was in the foreign service of 9 years. From the Dutch service, swimming in the Baltic Sea. Being in the English service (8 years), went on a military ship to Portugal, "I was at sea" in the Mediterranean Sea. In 1712 in London contributed to FS Saltykov in the purchase of ships for the Russian Navy and the invitation of naval officers and sailors of the Russian service. At the end of 1714 he was imprisoned for debt; released after receiving ransom from Russia. Upon his return to Russia in 1715 defined a lieutenant in the Navy. 11.03.1717 was to examine personally by Peter I, and promoted to lieutenant of the navy. In 1718 he was appointed assessor in the commission of the military court, established under the chairmanship of IA Senyavin. In April 1719 sent to Revel in the team commander Commander YA.SH. Fangofta; He cruised between Gotland and Courland coast. By order of Peter I participated in the landing on the Aland island (on the night of 23-24 May 1719). In 1719 he was sent to Copenhagen to Prince Dolgoruky to clarify the situation in the British Navy. 31/01/1720 Golovin was promoted to lieutenant commander. In 1721 he remained in Revel squadron, commanded the ship "Arondel". After the conclusion of the Treaty of Nystad 08.20.1721 22.10.1721 Golovin was granted to Captain 3rd rank. Then, when the ship was in command of the fleet, and in 1723 the ship "Prinz Eugen". 14.12.1724 appointed to present the Admiralty office. When the Empress Catherine I in 1725 was determined by the Swedish court as Envoy Extraordinary; I concluded two contracts with the Swedish government (in 1729 and 1730), which were approved by Peter II and Anna Ivanovna. 28.04.1826 promoted to Captain of the 2nd rank, 05.05.1726 granted to the Adjutant General of the Navy (consistent with the rank of Captain 1st rank). 28.04.1730 promoted to Schout-bij-nacht (Rear Admiral). In January 1732 he recalled from Stockholm and at the same time appointed to the Commission for consideration and ghosts in the proper order, and the ship`s galley fleets, the Admiralty and all things related to the sea. 09.04.1732 promoted to vice-admiral with the appointment of the Inspector General of the Navy and the Admiralty; I present in the Admiralty College. At the same time he was awarded the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky. 06/03/1732 Golovin was granted for an everlasting possession to Prince AD ??previously belonged Menshikov village of Ivanovo with villages and large villages (8720 serfs). Golovin participated in the work of the Commission for the establishment of the Russian fleet, the development of new states on the fleet. 25.03.1733 promoted to admiral and was appointed president of the Admiralty College. Since 1737 member of the buildings of the Commission in charge of construction at the Admiralty Island. In 1738 Golovin took command of the galley port and fleet while maintaining the same position. When Anna Leopoldovna after the appointment of A. Osterman first president of the Admiralty College Golovin became the second president (in fact, continued to manage the Admiralty Board). 11.10.1740 awarded the Order of St. Andrew. With the accession of Elizabeth Golovin and nominally and actually stayed at the head of Maritime Management. In December 1741 Golovin was designated a special commission "for the inventory of belongings and villages and disassembled debts arrested persons" (Osterman, Munnich, Golovkin et al.). After the restoration of the Senate (12.12.1741) Golovin was appointed Senator, remaining president of the Admiralty College. In 1742, during the Russian-Swedish War of 1741-1743 Golovin - the Governor-General of St. Petersburg and the commander in chief of the troops that were to defend the capital against possible attacks of Swedes. After the opening of navigation was in Kronstadt, where he focused on weapons and fleet logistics. 21.04.1743 at Golovin was assigned command of the entire ship fleet. Golovin actions have caused discontent of the Empress. At the end of hostilities he returned to St. Petersburg. 18.06.1744 followed highest decree that "the Count Golovin, according to the petition, dismissed on vacation to cure the disease in Germany, to lechitelnym waters." He was married to Sophia Nikitishna (?), She was the only daughter Natalia (was married to General Field Marshal Prince Peter Augustus Gol-Stein-Beck). All his fortune bequeathed Golovin "lived with him Gozenfliht illegal wife" and two of their children, but Elizabeth ordered to pay personal and real estate Golovin daughter Princess of Holstein-Beck, but the prohibition to pledge and sell anything from allocated.