Nikolay Geyden

Picture of Nikolay Geyden

Citizenship: Russia


The grandson of Russian Admiral (Dutch origin), an associate of Ushakov, the hero of the battle Navarrinskogo Loggin (Jakob Ludwig Sigismund) Petrovic Heyden (1772-1850), son of the Adjutant General, General of Infantry, State Council member c. Fedor Logginovich Heyden (1821-1900), which from May 1881 to 1897 served as the Finnish Governor-General and Commander of the Finnish Military District. Heyden following in the footsteps of their great ancestors and made a brilliant military career, rising to the rank of full general.

His patriotic convictions made him into the ranks of eminent right-monarchist movement. Already in 1900 he became one of the founders of the first national-patriotic organization - PC In 1901, he was elected member of the first PC of the Council, was repeatedly elected member of the Council, and subsequently, as from March 23 1906 to March 27, 1914 was the undisputed comrade. PC Chairman (since May 1909 while acting chairman PC). He participated in and spoke at the right of assembly. Thus, 19 February. 1911 Heiden made a speech at the solemn meeting of the NRC, the 50th anniversary of the abolition of serfdom. His words: "Yes, is growing, but growing, but growing the Great Union of the Russian People, in close union with the Russian Assembly of the joy of the King-Father and favor of the Holy Mother Russia", were met with enthusiastic applause, and the singing of the national anthem. Heyden was a comrade. Chairman of the 6th All-Russian Congress of Russian People in St. Petersburg on 19-23 February. 8 Nov 1913. 1913 Heiden presided over the meeting of reporting them Russian People`s Union. Archangel Michael (RNSMA). March 27, 1914 Heiden came out of the PC of the Council (the oldest monarchical organization at this time turned their activities) and devoted himself to other public duties, which were many. By 1915, according to the directory "All Petersburg", c. Heiden was the head of the Kazan Cathedral, the vowel of the St. Petersburg City Council, an honorary trustee, trustee Nicholas Orphan Institute, and his infant department, Comrade. Chairman of the Kazan parish charity, chairman of the board of trustees of a girls` school Petrograd edinovercheskogo brotherhood. However, when the political situation in the country worsened, he returned to active politics, becoming a. 1916 comrade. Chairman of the Main Board of the NRC. In a 1916 -. N. In 1917 he was one of the initiators of the convocation of the Congress of the monarchist. In a. January. 1917, together with the Chairman of the NRC NE Markov, a second comrade. Chairman VP Sokolov and Secretary RV Tregubov signed the Encyclical Letter to all departments of the NRC with an appeal to hold meetings to elect delegates to the All-Russian Congress of the monarchist organizations, which, as stated in the letter, held in February. in Petrograd. Authors of the message called on his supporters to action: "We dare not be silent, because we may then be ranked with those who, like Purishkevich, for the sake of popularity, for the sake of applause Yid newspapers and revolutionary-minded circles, dared to repeat the infamous slander, invented Judeo-Masons, and that changed their beliefs. We should not be silent, because that sensation which raised staknuvshimsya randomly majority of legislative institutions, Jewish newspapers and industrialists, speculators, profiteer during wars, entrenched in the city and district committees of industrial unions and, given the desire of all the views and aspirations of the Russian people. We must show this gang of deception. " However, the message was, in fact, a gesture of despair, for the permission could not be obtained for carrying out the monarchist Congress.

Met. Eulogy (St George), who knew Heyden and his family wrote that Count "was a humble and kind man, deeply religious, almost with a touch of foolishness; he was jealous of religious education (religious and published educational brochures), I loved the episcopal service and the pilgrimage to the monasteries; in the Crimea, he presented a large plot of land under the convent. " C. Heyden was right salon owner in St. Petersburg, where the bishops gathered in the main (mostly right-wing). Among the guests there were also Heyden prominent right activist prof. BV Nikolsky, publicist E.I.Pogozhev (villager), and others.

After the revolution, he remained in Russia. He continued to serve as mayor of Kazan Cathedral, was also chairman of the Pedagogical Council Isidorovskogo diocesan schools. August 22. 1918 in his apartment at Kovno lane. 28 square meters. 2 was searched, the same day the Count himself was arrested at the apartment of his cousin Prince. MM Andronicus. Security officers were planning to arrest and c. AA Bobrinsky, but he had to go to Kiev. During a search of the document was withdrawn Heyden "Call of the League of order" with an accompanying letter to the Count. The document was openly anti-Bolshevik, but it offers quite a utopian plan for the liquidation of the Soviet power. The authors stated: "The enemy is at the gates of Petrograd. Russia threatens to death. " They called for calm, unity and self-defense: "Do not be timid time, not the time to appeal to the authorities for protection. The power is powerless to protect us. " Out they had seen in the union of people in the house committee, "help each other as his brother." However, it turned out that neither this document nor the League Heiden order is irrelevant. And after a month of the conclusion of 25 September. 1918 Lemeshev investigator sent a letter to Secretary of the Petrograd Cheka proposal Heyden release from pre-trial detention. However, the KGB leadership was not so humanely, and to the letter of the resolution followed the "leave a hostage." Only on December 30. 1918 gr. Heyden was released from the dungeons of the Cheka. According to the Met. Eulogy (St George`s), he was released on bail-Tatar janitor. After leaving prison, Earl found himself destitute and even homeless because his house and possessions were confiscated by the authorities. The janitor in abject poverty and Earl soon died.

The wife of Count Eugene P. (nee. Knzh. Kropotkin) with two daughters seraphim and Elizabeth, who were members of the Union of Russian Women at that time lived in Feodosia. Son Nicholas, an officer, was a member of the White movement, in 1920 he served in the Life Guards Her Majesty`s Cuirassier Regiment, after the fall of the Crimea was shot in the mother`s eyes. Wife c. Heyden moved to Tver, where a friend of VK Sabler, then together with the eldest daughter, Maria (married Boborykin) and grandchildren, she was allowed to go abroad. She lived in Berlin, then in Paris, where she worked in the church sisterhood and died, according to the Met. Eulogy, a nun. Seraphim`s daughter, died Nov. 7. 1966 in Holland in the town of Zutphen.