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Nikolaj Ziber

Picture of Nikolaj Ziber

Place of birth: Taurian province

Citizenship: Russia

Background

Sieber (Nikolai), 1844 - 1888) - economist, son of a Swiss citizen and malorossiyanki, born in Tauride province, a graduate of the Simferopol gymnasium and the University of Kiev, where he graduated at the Faculty of Law, after which a short time was the world`s mediator in the Volyn province. In 1871, for his thesis "The theory of value and capital Ricardo, in connection with the later clarification" ( "Kyiv University Izvestia" 1871 number 1 - 2, 4 - 11), he received a master`s degree in political economy, and sent for border. In 1873, the University of St. Vladimir Sieber elected assistant professor in the department of political economy and statistics, but in 1875 he retired and settled in Switzerland, where constantly was in his articles in Russian journals and in the newspaper "Russian Gazette". From magazine articles Sieber most remarkable: "The economic theory of Karl Marx" ( "Knowledge", 1876, number 10, 12, 1877, number 2; the "Word", 1878, number 1, 3, 9, 12); "The history of the Swiss almendy" ( "Herald of Europe", 1881, number 10); "Economic sketches" ( "Notes of the Fatherland", 1880, number 12, 1881, number 3, 5, 6, 9, 11, 1882, number 4 and 6); "The fate of communal ownership in Switzerland" ( "Herald of Europe", 1882, number 7); "The effect of progress on poverty" ( "Russian Thought", 1883, number 9, 11, 12); "The distribution of landed property in Germany" ( "Russian Thought", 1883, number 1 and 2); "Social Economy and Law" ( "Legal Bulletin", 1883, number 5, 9 and 10). The most famous delivered Sieber aforementioned essay on "theory of value", the most complete, not only in Russian, but also in foreign literature account of the different theories and definitions of value and capital. David Ricardo, whose name was put in the title of this work is the only main center, around which are grouped other economists. Extremely high placing Ricardo (the complete works of which, translated into Russian, Sieber has issued a special book in 1882), Sieber at the same time trying to prove a direct continuity between the theory of value of Ricardo and Karl Marx. The latter found himself in Sieber the best interpreter and popularizer of Russian literature. This was reflected in particular in hot protect the main works of Karl Marx, "Capital" from his Russian critics, Guerrier, Chicherin and Yury Zhukovsky, as well as in the later, the main composition Sieber: "Ricardo and Marx in their socio-economic research "(SPb., 1885). In this book, which is, to a certain extent, the processing of "theory of value," Sieber more fully depicted the natural evolution of the theory of Ricardo`s theory of Marx, particularly bright illuminating the development of capitalist production and the experience of their three main phases of: handicraft, manufacture, factory. Due mainly works Sieber, the labor theory of value, Ricardo, Marx and Marx`s economic development scheme received in Russian economics firm and solid production. Best mode of exposition and criticism of the theories reveals a vast erudition Sieber and his outstanding ability of theoretical thinking and creativity. Most of the remaining works Sieber revolves around the same theoretical questions. In "Essays pervobytnoyekonomicheskoy Culture" (1883) Sieber, using extensive literary material on the description of life of different peoples and uncivilized tribes, as well as historical data and on the primitive state is now the cultural European nations, makes no attempt to summarize the primitive forms of social life. Its main focus is on economic phenomena, but next to them are covered forms of marriage and family relations, and so on. N. The part of society. The basic idea works is that community-based forms of economy, in its various stages, are the universal forms of economic activity in the early stages of development. It confirmed it is considering various types and aspects of community economic activities - hunting, fishing, pastoral, farming, work involving burning of forests, irrigation, construction of dwellings. Primitive types and concepts of ownership and various forms of exchange are also in Sieber`s fairly complete coverage, as well as the development of social and official activities, communities as well as corporations. Sieber died and was buried in Yalta.