Date of Birth: 04/10/1935
Place of birth: Rome
An outstanding nuclear physicist
Nicola Cabibbo was born April 10, 1935 in Rome (Rome). In 1958 he graduated from the University of Rome La Sapienza (University of Rome La Sapienza), one of the oldest universities in the world - its founder was still Pope Boniface VIII (Pope Boniface VIII) in 1303. Cabibbo studied with other prominent Italian physicist Raul Gatto (Raoul Gatto). Immediately the young scientist was invited to take the place researchers at the National Institute of Nuclear Physics, where he worked until 1962.
After spending some time for research in the National Laboratory. Lawrence Berkeley, California (Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, LBNL, California), and at Harvard University (Harvard University), in 1965 Cabibbo returned to Italy (Italy), to work at the University of L `Aquila (University of L`Aquila). The following year, the scientist returned to the University of La Sapienza, and remained associated with the activity of the university until the end of his life. In 1969, Professor Cabibbo took the place of physics of elementary particles. In 1983, the Cabibbo became president of the National Institute of Nuclear Physics, since 1993 has been president of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, established in 1936 dlyaissledovaniya various fields of science in relation to theological questions.
In 1963, Nicola Cabibbo formulated the theory of weak interactions for the processes with change of strangeness, which describes the so-called `angle Kabibbo` (Cabibbo angle). On the basis of this theory matrix Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa was developed in the future (Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix) in the Standard Model of elementary particle physics. By adding one generation to the matrix Cabibbo, Japanese physicists Makoto Kobayashi (Makoto Kobayashi) and Toshihide Masukava (Toshihide Maskawa) won the Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobel Prizein Physics) 2008, and experts still criticize the position of the Nobel Committee, is not included in the number of winners of Nicola Cabibbo.
His latest scientific interest was to expand the use of supercomputers to study the problems of theoretical physics. Cabibbo oversaw the creation of computer systems `APE100`. In addition, a scientist working on the fundamental questions of scientific ethics. Nicola Cabibbo - physicist, the most frequently cited in scientific journals around the world.
Nicola Cabibbo died August 16, 2010, in the metropolitan hospital `Fatebenefratelli` (Fatebenefratelli), aged 75 years.