Date of Birth: 05/05/1864
Place of birth: Kokrans Mills
Citizenship: United States
Elizabeth Jane Cochran was born May 5, 1864 in Kokrans Mills, Pennsylvania (Cochran`s Mills, Pennsylvania). As a child, her name was Pinky (by `pink` - pink), because she always wore clothes that color. Her father started out as a humble worker of the mill, but later he was able to buy and mill, and the ground around it, and, in the end, has become so large landowner, the city was renamed Kokrans Mills. Mother Elizabeth was a housewife and her husband brought the children from his first marriage and his own. When she was six years old, her father died. Over time, the family`s fortunes deteriorated, and future journalist had come home from boarding school, having studied there for only a year. In 1880 the family moved to Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh).
One day the local newspaper `Pittsburgh Dispatch` appeared sexist column so insulted Bly, she wrote a fierce rebuttal editor under the pseudonym` sirotka` Lonely (Lonely Orphan Girl). The editor was so impressed that he offered to the author writing work. Learning that this young girl, he tried to go back on their word, but Cochran persuaded him to give her a chance. Since the women journalists at the time, as a rule, used aliases, Elizabeth Cochrane Nellie Bly became a heroine in honor of the then popular song by Stephen Foster (Stephen Foster).
Normally the ladies from the journalism of the late 19th century, wrote about fashion updates, social life and gardening, but Bly started with a series of articles on the situation of working women that the newspaper did not approve. She then 21 years on his own initiative as a foreign correspondent went to Mexico (Mexico) and stayed there for almost six months, sending the article to the editor about the life and customs of the Mexican people, which were later published in book form. In one of the articles Bligh protested against the arrest of a local journalist and exposed the tyrannical rule of Porfirio Diaz (Porfirio D & # 237; az), and the result is under threat of arrest was expelled from the country.
In 1887 Bligh was replaced by Pittsburgh to New York (New York City), was there for four months without a cent in his pocket, but in the end she was able to negotiate with a newspaper, Joseph Pulitzer (Joseph Pulitzer) `New York World` a secret investigation in women asylum for the insane. Feign mental illness and amnesia and deceiving multiple doctors, Bligh made his own and spent ten days in hospital, to later make a revelatory article about the appalling conditions in which there are hospital patients, about bullying staff and that of the patients obviously got there by error. The article caused a sensation and led to the fact that the situation in the hospitals of this kind are not only interested in the public, but also power, significantly increasing the budget of public charity and the Department of Corrections.
Another loud now Nellie Bly became a world tour in 1889, which she managed to finish in 72 days, 6 hours, 11 minutes and 14 seconds, setting a new world record, and visiting with the UK (England), France (France), where she met with Jules Verne, Italy (Italy), Suez (Suez canal), Ceylon (Ceylon), Singapore (Singapore), Hong Kong (Hong Kong) and Japan (Japan).
In 1895, Nellie married millionaire industrialist Robert Simena (Robert Seaman), who was 40 years her senior. She left journalism and became president of the `Iron Clad Manufacturing Co.`, produces steel containers, milk cans and pots. In 1904 she became a widow. For some time it has been one of the leading manufacturers of women in the United States (United States), but committed by theft led to its bankruptcy, and Bligh was forced to return to the profession of journalism. At the same time, she is actively involved in charity work, paying particular attention to orphans and deprived of parental care.
She died of pneumonia at a New York hospital St. Mark`s Hospital January 27, 1922, at age 57, and was buried in a modest grave in the cemetery of Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx (Bronx).