Date of Birth: 09/26/1641
Place of birth: Atherstone County Warwickshire
Citizenship: United Kingdom
English botanist and physician, one of the founders of plant anatomy. Born September 26, 1641 in Atherstone (Warwickshire County). He graduated from Cambridge University, in 1671 received his doctorate in medicine at the University of Leiden. Member of the Royal Society of London, from 1677 - his secretary. Main rabotyposvyascheny on buildings and plant floor. Conducted microscopic study of the roots, stems, leaves, fruits, seeds. For the first time described the stomata, the radial arrangement of the xylem in the roots, the morphology of vascular tissue in the form of a dense formation in the center of the stem of young plants and the formation of pologotsilindra in older stems. He introduced the term "comparative anatomy". Studying the structure of flowers, I came to the conclusion that they are the bodies of fertilization in plants. Singled out in the calyx, corolla, stamens and pistils. He developed the idea of ??the unity of the structure of tissues, believing that they are composed of "bubbles" (cells), fibers and ducts. The main results are set out in the Grue Research books anatomy of plants and their development (The Anatomy of Vegetables Begun, 1670), The philosophical history of plants (An Idea of ??a Philosophical History of Plants, 1672) Plant Anatomy (The Anatomy of Plants, 1682). He grew died in London on March 25, 1712.