Nadezhda Briullova-shaskolskaya

Picture of Nadezhda Briullova-shaskolskaya

Date of Birth: 11/30/1886

Age: 50

Citizenship: Russia


In 1909, in Stuttgart, married assistant professor PB Shaskolsky. When he returned to Petrograd, she taught in the public schools, the People`s University, was engaged in scientific work. Collaborated in magazines, in Brockhaus and Efron. In 1916 he passed the test for a diploma of 1st degree Petrograd University. A member of the SEP since 1910. Keep in touch with to-St. and the Trudoviks, especially with AF Kerensky. In 1915-1916 he was delayed twice by police in connection with the arrest of unreliable persons.

In 1917 he worked in the district for Vasileostrovsky-cho AKP capital. Lectured "The current situation and the war", and others. He is famous as a specialist for nat. question. He published a booklet: "Peoples of Russia and their requirements", "The National Question in Russia", "Socialist-Revolutionary Party and nat question.", "How to live among themselves, the people of Russia?". Represented in the Council of the AKP (the Bureau of) national-socialist parties (comprised of "Dashnaktsutiun" party of the Georgian Socialist-Federalists, Belarusian Socialist Assembly, united Jewish socialist party, "Poale Zion", the Polish Socialist Party, etc.).. In May, he participated in the regional conference of the North AKP. Delegate 3rd desks. Congress (25 May - 4 June). At the 1st session of the Congress delivered a greeting from the Bureau of nat-social. parties; May 31 made DOS. report on the subsection on th issue:

"A nation is a social media personality ... Personality identifies herself, to which she belongs to a complex of national, with whom she feels most connected ... Through the concept of the individual and the people, through the concept of work and creativity we perehodimk understanding of our socialist nation" ( "Minutes of the 3rd Congress of the Party of socialists-revolutionaries" Stenografich report, P., 1917, 296...): "The bourgeoisie has its own understanding of the nation it was based on the false premise, against which we must fight it in every way.. identifies the nation with the state when she talks about Russian interests, she talks about the public interest "(ibid, p 297)..; "We categorically dissociates himself from the bourgeois concept of the state and the nation ... From the perspective of the socialist concept of the nation is the concept of her labor of the masses ... Our goal is not the old, somewhat naive cosmopolitanism, which dissolves the personality in the world the idea, regardless of the national language but monopolitizm, ie the global union, the union of all the separate layers in the nation`s labor of humanity "(ibid, pp. 297-98). Bryullov-Shaskol`skaya concludes "that the Federal Republic is the purpose of ...", but each nation should be given to its inaugural. meeting "to reveal his will whether it is autonomy, not connected with the territory." According to the rapporteur, "the best solution is a regional territorial autonomy with absolute ensuring the rights of ethnic minorities and proportional participation in the budget of the municipal and regional" (ibid, p 298.): June 3, Congress adopted a resolution on nat. question, based on the text proposed Bryullov-Shaskol`skaya:

"... The free creative development of the national collective is the best guarantee of personal existence ... dominant nations, on the one hand, and the oppressed and disenfranchised nations - on the other, reduces the level of culture and those, and others, sowing discord among the fraternal peoples of different classes ... and inhibits the development of the class struggle ... the principle is the principle of a federal tie, the most relevant problems of regulation of mutual relations between different nationalities ... the task of overcoming the external imperialism puts all across Europe and around the world organized by the problem of establishing "community of nations" ie general of the international Federation "(ibid, p. 481). The Congress called for the introduction in Russia "federal form Dem. Republic, with terr.-nat. Etnografich autonomy within. Settlement nationalities and ensuring est. The laws of the country as the rights nat. Minorities in localities with mixed population and general public rights all languages ??to-ryh say the working masses in Russia. " Nat. minorities and the nation without defining. territory "can be connected to the extraterritorial personally-autonomous unions, with their local and obschegos. present. bodies" (ibid, pp. 481-82). Such a scheme of state. Russian device AKP was going to be carried out in the inaugural. Coll. The resolution also stated:. "The construction of the socialist parties of Russia PS-R is committed to building the Russian Socialist International on a federal basis in the design world of the Socialist International PS-P recognizes valid representation of the Socialist parties, not only in gosudarstvamvam,.. but, if necessary, and nationalities, irrespective of state boundaries "(ibid, p. 482).

Since the summer of 1917 Bryullov-Shaskol`skaya was a member of the Petrograd Committee of the provincial AKP, after the split in the party (November) elected its chairman. She participated in the 4 th Party Congress (26 November - 5 December). At its 1st meeting, I gave a presentation on the work of the Council nats.-social. parties and offered to send a delegation to the Military Revolutionary Committee to demand the release of "prisoners of comrades", Dec. 4 - "... to transmit to the Central Committee the question of the reorganization of the party on a federal basis" ( "A brief report on the work of the 4th Congress of the AKP", P. 1918 , pp 139-40).

In 1918 Bryullov-Shaskol`skaya became a member of the educational community in memory of February 27, 1917 "Culture and Freedom", participated in the Library section of the civic education of Committee. EK Catherine Breshkovsky. On the central rate of the company lectured "Nat. The question," "History of the roar. Movement in Russia." In the fall of 1918 (after the death of her husband) went to Ukraine. In 1919-1920 an extraordinary professor in the department of history of Kharkov University of religion; from 1921 he taught at the universities of Petrograd. By the process of the SR in 1922 it was not involved. July 25, 1922 Bryullov-Shaskol`skaya was arrested and deported by administrative order in Central Asia. Living in Ashgabat and Tashkent, he was engaged in scientific and museum work. Returning from exile in Leningrad, he worked as a translator, was engaged in literary activities, cooperated with publishing PTO "of the Society of Former Political Prisoners and Exiles." February 25, 1933 was again arrested and exiled to Tashkent. April 24, 1937 and arrested again decree the "troika" of the NKVD of 26 September was sentenced to death. Rehabilitated posthumously.