Monmouth Geoffrey

Picture of Monmouth Geoffrey

Date of Birth: 1100

Age: 55

Citizenship: United Kingdom


English churchman and historian. By origin, probably Breton, whose ancestors generation or two earlier came to Britain with the Normans; in his main work with unquestionable loyalty to the Bretons and Normans some loyalty to the obvious dislike of the English and Welsh neglect. He was archdeacon in Monmouth (hence his nickname) in 1152 ordained bishop St. Asafskogo, but hardly visited at least once in his diocese in the north-east Wales. He died approx. 1155.

The main creation Geoffrey - Latin prose History of the Kings of Britain (Historiaregum Britanniae, 1130-1138). Since the fall of Troy (according to legend, in 1180 BC), history moves on to the presentation of the subsequent life of Aeneas and two generations after him, but devotes much more space grandson of Aeneas, Brutus allegedly led the descendants of captive Trojans in Britain, named after him. Then follows a list of kings, for the most part fictional, and the oldest known story of King Lear and his three daughters, and the conquest of Rome Britons, as well as the story of the conquest of Britain by Caesar, the departure of the Romans and the Saxon invasion under the leadership of Hengist about Lucy, the first Christian king of Great Britain, of the Roman lords, including Constantine and his Holy mother. Elena, devotional Britons Vortigern and Merlin - in the seventh book of History.

About two-fifths of the product employing the story of King Arthur: his birth; the victory over the Saxon invaders; the conquest of the entire north-western Europe and a defeat of Arthur Roman emperor; Change of Modrede nephew; wife of King Guinevere and on departure to the island of Avalon in 542 BC The work concludes with the treatment of the Saxons to Christianity St. Augustine, the final relocation of the Bretons in Brittany and suppression Brythonic royal line in 689, when he died Kadvaladrus son Kaydvally. There are three versions of stories, published two.

The most important source for Geoffrey - History of the Britons Nennius (800 approx.). He also enjoyed writing about Britain Breton Gildas fall (6 in.) And stories of his contemporaries William of Malmesbury and Henry Hantingdonskogo and learned a lot from the Ecclesiastical History of England Bede the Venerable; used also Aeneid of Virgil, the Bible, the Welsh genealogies, lives of saints and other Latin-historical work and dedication, not associated with British history. With all this history it is difficult to find scientists work. There is good reason to believe that much of it is transferred to the old legends or folk tales. Before the era of Milton`s work was seen as more or less true story; the later English writers, it was a source of stories. We know another essay Geoffrey - written no earlier than 1148 Latin hexameter poem Life of Merlin.