Date of Birth: 12/25/1901
Place of birth: Prague
Citizenship: Czech Republic
Milada Horakova, nee Kralove, was born in Prague in 1901. She received a good education, graduated from the Law Faculty of Charles University, fluent in three foreign languages. In 1928, she married Dr. Bohuslav Horak Sciences, a year later, along with her husband, she joined the People`s Socialist Party.
During the Second World War and the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia Horakova took part in the underground anti-fascist activity he was arrested by the Gestapo in 1940 and sent to a concentration camp Terezin, in 1944 transferred to the prison in Dresden, where she was sentenced to 8 years in prison.
Released after the war. Horakova was elected a member of parliament, headed the Council of Czechoslovak women, participated in the International Democratic Federation of Women, headed his country`s delegation at the International Women`s Congress in Paris.
After the Communist takeover in 1948, the political purges began in the country. Horakova urged to go to the West, but it has remained in the country. September 27, 1949 she was arrested on charges of "bourgeois nationalism" and "preparing subversive conspiracy." The trial of Milada Horakova and 12 more people began May 31, 1950. The court was widely covered in the press and had a significant character. All of the accused by torture and threats forced to address the court on a pre-written script, only a few, including Horakova, had the courage to depart from it and firmly defend.
June 8 Horakova and three other defendants were sentenced to death, the others involved in the case received long prison sentences. The news of the death penalty for Horakova caused a great resonance in the world. With the request to save her life were many famous people, including Albert Einstein, Winston Churchill, Eleanor Roosevelt. However, the communist authorities upheld the verdict. June 27, Milada Horakova was hanged at Pankrac prison.
During the Prague Spring Horakova was rehabilitated, however, due to the suppression motion, the real her rehabilitation was made possible only after the collapse of the communist regime in the 1990s. In 2004, the day of her execution, June 27 has been declared the country`s "Day of Remembrance of the victims of the communist regime." In honor of Milada Horakova it was called a lot of streets and squares in the Czech cities of Prague her name was given to the former street Defenders of the world. Coincidentally, it was in this street in 1973, made his crime (the murder of 8 people with the help of a truck) mentally abnormal Olga Hepnarova - the last woman executed in Czechoslovakia (as Horakova She was hanged in Pankrac).
In 2007, 86-year-old Lyudmila Brozhova-Polednova, the former on the process Horakova public prosecutor, was sentenced to 8 years in prison, the Court of Appeal sentence by sentence reduced to 6 years, but the defense motion Brozhovoy-Poledovoy deferment of sentence denied. It will serve his sentence in the same prison where executions Horakova.