Date of Birth: 05/29/1934
Research and teaching activities
In 1952 he joined the Biological Faculty of Moscow State University. MV Lomonosov Moscow State University, because he thought the biology of the most complex area of ??knowledge, which requires in-depth study of various sciences and humanities. In 1957 he graduated from the Department of Microbiology of the specialty plant physiology. In 1959 he entered the graduate school of Biology and Soil Faculty of the Moscow State University. In 1963, under the guidance of Academician VN Shaposhnikov he defended his PhD thesis on "Microbiology" on "Photosynthesis and to oxygen of some blue-green algae." In 1971 he defended his doctoral thesis on "Comparative analysis of the physiological interaction of prokaryotic phototrophic with molecular oxygen." In 1965 - awarded the academic title of associate professor, and in 1974 - Professor at the Department of Microbiology. The main specialty - microbiology. The general experience of pedagogical work - 44 years.
MV Gusev - a renowned scholar in the field of cell physiology, physiology and biochemistry researcher phototrophic microorganisms (photosynthesis and respiration, degradation and aging, physiological ecology, etc...). They first demonstrated the anaerobic nature of certain cyanobacteria and the use of organic substances by mechanisms unrelated to oxidation. The classification of life forms according to the type of their interaction with molecular oxygen. Discovers new types of breathing and formulated the concept of the formation of the respiratory tract metabolism. MV Gusev is the founder of evolutionary gerontology. Together with colleagues, he created and studied artificial cyanobacteria association with higher plant cells, which is important for the development of biotechnology and cell engineering. He proposed the concept of biocentric approach to biology, biotechnology, politics, history, education system, as an alternative anthropocentric, which served as the basis for the creation of a new scientific field - Integrative Biology.
Dean of the Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University. MV Lomonosov Moscow State University from 1973 to 2005. From 1976 to 1984 - Head of the Department of Plant Physiology. From 1984 to 2005 - the head of which he founded the Department of Cell Physiology and Immunology, which in 2002 was renamed for his initiative in the department of physiology of microorganisms. Chairman of the Scientific Council of the Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, member of the Scientific Council of the Moscow State University. MV Gusev prepared and read the following lectures:. Microbiology, ecology of microorganisms, plant physiology, cellular physiology, the world of microbes, microbial physiology, etc. He represented Russia in the Commission on the biological formation of the International Union of Biological Sciences at UNESCO (1986-1997). Led Training and methodical association of biological faculties of universities in Russia. Editor in Chief, "Moscow University Bulletin" magazine Ser. 16, "Biology", a member of the editorial board of the international journal "Symbiosis". Member of the German Association of friends of Moscow University (DAMU).
While serving as dean of biological faculty of Moscow State University contributed to the establishment of a faculty in Moscow State University a number of new units, including the International Biotechnology Center, Environmental Center, center of the molecule molecular medicine sector biopolitical problems, laboratory evolution of gerontology, as well as the Faculty of Basic Medicine, Bioengineering faculty and bioinformatics. While holding the post for 33 years (a record for the natural faculty of Moscow State University), part of which came in the perestroika years, the crisis of the Soviet and Russian science and education and pursues a balanced and conservative policy, which resulted in the preservation of traditional structures and the way of the Faculty of Biology.
Author of several collections of poetry. Author of plays and theater party. Rare expert on the history of the domestic, especially biological science.
Winner of the Prize. MV Lomonosov Moscow State University for teaching work (1995), Prize of the RF Government in the field of education (2001), laureate of USSR State Prize (1988), awarded the medal "Veteran of Labor" (1987), the Order "Badge of Honor" (1976) and " Friendship "(1998)," Honor "(2005); awarded the title "Honored Scientist of the RSFSR" Scholar of the State scientific grant, elected academician of Academy of Natural Sciences (2002)