Date of Birth: 07/01/1869
Place of Birth: Kishinev
He was born in Chisinau on July 1, 1869. He graduated in 1894 the historical-philological faculty of Moscow University. His teacher was Professor P.G.Vinogradov. Since 1904 Gershenzon - editor of the department "Critical Review". In 1907-1908 he headed the literary section of the magazine "Herald of Europe". Significant influence on his outlook, historical and literary works T.Karleylya position was first and foremost a book heroes, honoring heroes and heroic history. Fate of the Russian culture of the first half of the 19th century. It was the subject of a number of historical works Gershenson 1910s: A History of Young Russia, 1908; P.Ya.Chaadaev. The life and thinking, in 1908; Life V.S.Pecherina 1910; Images of the past, 1912; Griboyedov Moscow, 1914, and others. Apology personality and its creative role and was dedicated to the article Gershenson in the famous collection of milestones. Gershenzon reproached Russian intellectuals in the fact that that in its ideological cohesion ignored all genuine personality in Russian culture, could not appreciate the creative insights of Russian thinkers "from Chaadaev to Solovyov and Tolstoy." Word also Gershenson about government "bayonets", defending intellectuals of the nation, caused a negative reaction in the radical and liberal circles. Gershenzon was forced out of the liberal "Messenger of Europe". The period of his collaboration with religious and philosophical publishing "The Way". The First World War was perceived Gershenzon as a symptom of the profound crisis of European culture, which, in his opinion, found its "unreality", the inability to prevent the explosion of the "new barbarism." Critique of modern civilization have been devoted to books Gershenson Triple image of perfection (1918), Correspondence of the two angles (1921, together with V.Ivanov) Key of Faith (1922), The Gulf Stream (1922). The internal logic of the development of civilization, for Gershenzon inexorably reserves in the past is not only a religious era, but also any form of cultural romanticism. There is a total depersonalization of culture and, at the same time, the depersonalization of man himself:. "Never identity has not been so healing as it is now, in the flourishing of science and technology" Gershenzon perception of culture as a force of "external" in relation to the nature of man as a "system of subtle coercion" to a certain degree makes him a position with the views of Rousseau and Tolstoy. Late Gershenzon showed interest in the work of Henri Bergson. After the revolution, he was one of the organizers and the chairman of the Russian Union of Writers, the chairman of the literary section of the Academy of Artistic Sciences, based Brusov.
Died Gershenzon in Moscow February 19, 1925.