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Mihail Balugianskij

Picture of Mihail Balugianskij

Place of birth: Hungary

Background

He graduated from the course at the Faculty of the University of Vienna. He was a professor newly established grand vardeynskoy Academy, where he taught science and economic policy; later was a professor of the University of Pest. In 1803, B. was invited to teach at St. Petersburg, which was done at the time the conversion first teachers` seminary teacher in high school, then at the Pedagogical Institute. To fill the shortage of professors, it was decided to write for young scientists from the Slavic countries of Austria. The mediator in the negotiations was the court-surgeon eagle, he came from the Austrian Slavs. Among the guests were professors and B. In addition, he received an appointment to the second expedition of the commission drafting the laws, to the position of editor at the state of the economy and finance. Since 1809 to 1812 he was head of the department of the Commission IV; He worked at the Ministry of Finance. From 1813 to 1817 he taught Economics and Political Science, Grand Duke Nikolai and Mikhail Pavlovich. A commission to formulate laws passed at a variety of BI projects change. He had to take part in the drafting of a set of public law, the laws of rural reorganization of ministries and in the development of certain economic and financial legislation (the monetary system of land tax, etc.). He examined, for the information of the State Council, the history of financial administration, since the time of Peter the Great until 1812; He participated in the works for the release of Livonian peasants from serfdom, generates, on behalf of the Minister of Finance, a new financing plan, driven by the need to cover the costs of war. This plan was presented to the Emperor in 1814; through the Minister of Finance Count Guriev has been presented to the Emperor and an extensive note B on the release of the peasants from serfdom. Subsequently, the formation in 1837 (to which the work was drawn and B) of the Ministry of State Property of the note had borrowed a lot of ideas and guidance. Soon after the opening of the St. Petersburg University (1819) BA, he was elected dean of the philosophical and the Faculty of Law, where he read the encyclopedia of law and political science and political economy. 27 October of the same year he was elected and approved by the rector of the university. When on the initiative of the trustee districts Runich and with the assistance of "director" of the University Kavelina persecution of professors (Kunitsyn, Arsenyev, Galic, Raupaha), accused of disseminating ideas, contrary to Christianity and revolutionary, B. very strongly and passionately defended his comrades and making that his protests against the practiced methods of investigation are not successful, he relinquished his title of rector (31 October 1821). Being a professor (until April 12, 1824), B. continued to fight Runich. Meanwhile, BA was again determined (21 April 1822) the Commission to formulate laws of members of its board, where he was entrusted superintendence clerical council. Here he again met with Speransky, who on his return from exile, was charged with monitoring the work of the Commission. Following the accession to the throne of Emperor Nicholas I called BA to him, gave him his intention to clean up existing legislation and conferred with him about the fulfillment of your dreams the way. January 31, 1826 established Part II SE IV Office of the, which was entrusted with the codification of laws, and April 4, B. was appointed head of this institution. The main leadership of the work was entrusted to Speransky. Thus, B. Speransky became a close associate in the preparation of the Code of Laws; good personal relations between them contributed to the success of the case. The main role played Speranski: B. acted independently and was not only the performer or advisor on specific issues. In 1828, B. was entrusted with the training sessions the students of theological academies, who had been elected to prepare for teaching jurisprudence in higher educational institutions. This is the instruction B. paid great attention to and directly supervised the work of students, two years later seconded for further studies abroad. In 1839, B. was appointed a senator. The chief of department positions B. II and remained under the successors of Speransky ( "chief superintendent II Branch"), DV Dashkova and DN Bludova before his death, April 3, 1847. Scientific works and notes B. has not yet been printed and stored in the affairs of the Division II (Archives of the State Council). The largest is his work on the history of the different economic systems. B. had a varied and extensive knowledge in the field of Economics and Political Science, the ability to work methodically and supervise the work of others. As a lecturer, judging by the words of his pupil, the Emperor Nicholas I, he was no different gift for words. Russian language he possessed bad; in many foreign could easily write, but is not easily explained. Contemporaries unanimously speak of him as a man of very humble, gentle, direct and noble. - See P. Baranov, "MA B". (SPb., 1882). Bar. A. Nolde.