Date of Birth: 11/19/1951
Place of birth: a. Colonita
Mihai Ghimpu (Mihai Ghimpu) born on November 19 1951 in the village Colonita Chisinau (according to other sources, Criuleni) area of ??the Moldavian SSR.
It is known that Ghimpu graduated from the Kishinev State University, followed by "legal adviser working on state-owned enterprises." In 1978-1990 years he worked as a lawyer, headed the legal departments of various companies, and served as a judge Riscani, administrative sector of Chisinau.
In the late 1980s Ghimpu joined the democratic movement. In the press he later referred to as the founder of the Popular Front of Moldova (FPM), member of the executive committee of the movement, called one of the leading political forces in Moldova. In 1990, as a representative of MNF Ghimpu he was elected to parliament and entered the Popular Front faction.
In February 1992, at the III Congress of the People`s Front of Moldova became the Christian Democratic People`s Front. In 1993, Deputy Ghimpu left the organization, explaining the move, "the need to adhere to the political realism" (the majority of the population did not share, Front leadership striving for unconditional unification of Moldova with Romania and the attempts of rapprochement with the Romanian Orthodox Church). In the same 1993 Ghimpu was elected executive secretary, later - Vice-President of the Congress of the intelligentsia (held this post until 1998).
In 1994, Ghimpu was elected to the Moldovan Parliament from the Bloc of peasants and intellectuals, resigned Member of Parliament in 1998.
In 1997, Ghimpu "revived and led the" created in 1993 Reform Party (PR). The founding fathers of the party officially called party "movement for national revival" Salaru and businessman Anatol Stati, close to Peter Lucinschi (which was formerly the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Moldova, and in 1996 became the second president of Moldova). According to some sources, the PR leadership passed to Ghimpu in 1995. After the arrival of a new leader, according to analysts, the party "went into hibernation" for more than 10 years: it was noted that she took part in the elections (both alone and in coalitions), but never overcome entry barriers.
In 2004, Ghimpu deputy as leader of the PR was his nephew, Dorin Chirtoaca. In April 2005, the party changed its name and became known as the Liberal Party of Moldova (PL). In the press this party was called "the most pro-Romanian" (the denial of the Moldovan identity and calls for the unification of Moldova and Romania) and the differing "radically anti-communist ideology." Ghimpu also declared himself that he headed the formation aims to "promote liberal values".
Analysts pointed out that the need to "revive pronaftalinennuyu Reform Party, adorning her liberal tinsel" originated in Ghimpu in connection with the public activities of his nephew in the 2005 elections, when Chirtoaca several times participated in the election of the mayor (mayor) of Chisinau: all of them were declared invalid because of the low turnout.
In June 2007 elections of Chisinau mayor were re-organized. In the first round Chirtoaca, whom the press called "Moldovan Saakashvili" won second place with more than 24 percent of the vote in the second round of the June 17, 2007 was 61.17 percent of the vote. As a result, collecting voices of all "protest electorate, voted not so much for him, but against the Communists," he won a landslide victory over the candidate of the Communist Veaceslav Iordan and led the Chisinau City Hall. Chirtoaca win the election the media called the finest hour of the Liberal Party, and he himself - "the best` proektom` wise political experience Ghimpu. " In October of the same year he Ghimpu was elected chairman of the Chisinau Municipal Council. "The city is like one of them will stay in the most beautiful chair - still all the same", - wrote the media, talking about the squabbles and the bargaining representatives of the opposition and the possible contenders for the position.
The following year, observers have noted, most of the time in his new position Chirtoaca was forced to spend on conflict resolution in the municipal council of Chisinau where the new mayor is not perceived as a strong administrator. It was noted that a decisive influence on Chirtoaca during this period continued to Ghimpu. According to experts, due to the attainment of the leaders of the Liberal Party mayor and chairman of the municipal council of the capital, it has become "one of the main opposition forces of the Republic of Moldova."
Media wrote that the city council under the leadership of Ghimpu "remember the endless scandals, full of confusion, inability to take at least one, any sane and reasonable solution." Reference was also made his decision "to pay for the expense of the citizens all losses Vodokanal", the sharp rise in prices for maintenance of residential buildings and the growth of tariffs for heat. In June 2008, Ghimpu was removed from his office by the decision of members of the local council, in spite of appearances Chirtoaca in defense of his relative.
During the election campaign that preceded the passage in the April 2009 parliamentary election Ghimpu took second place in the list of the Liberal Party of Moldova (Chirtoaca won the first, and the first head of the LP Salaru - the third). In the press there was an information that Salaru returned to politics, not only to support the "phenomenon Chirtoaca," but also "to somehow shorten" Ghimpu, because he "not only behaves politically inadequate, but has at the same time, a decisive influence D. Chirtoaca ".
In early April 2009, the next parliamentary elections were held in Moldova. The electoral threshold to enter parliament (6 per cent for parties and 3 percent for independent candidates) overcame four parties, including the Liberal Party of Moldova, which received more than 12 percent of the vote. However, the majority (almost 50 percent) received the Communist Party of Moldova (CPM), led by President Vladimir Voronin. Although independent observers confirm the fact that the elections were conducted without violations, Moldovan opposition, dissatisfied with the outcome of the vote, organized protests in Chisinau. Two days later, they escalated into riots in which demonstrators destroyed and set fire to the parliament and the presidential administration of Moldova. After the incident, opposition leaders said about the loss of control over the situation and called for support of the "peaceful protests" in order to get the power recount and verification of voter lists. The Communists also accused the opposition of organizing the coup: in a televised address Voronin, in particular, noted that the leaders of the opposition parties, including Ghimpu "actually headed headquarters, which started the implementation of the anti-constitutional coup d`etat in Moldova."
In the same month, at the request of President Voronin of Moldova, the Constitutional Court decided to recount the votes in the elections. As a result of recounting ballots Communists have confirmed their result (49.48 percent of the vote). The Liberal Party won 13.13 percent of the votes, second only to the CPM. At the same time, the Constitutional Court confirmed the names of MPs mandates Moldova XVII convocation. However, Ghimpu, as well as other members of the opposition who have received mandates for the official presentation of the documents did not come, and took them to the Central Election Commission. Then Ghimpu said that the Liberal Party "under no circumstances would not cooperate with the communist regime" and to participate in the presidential elections. He declared and that led to them forming a political appeal against the decision of the Constitutional Court of Moldova on the recognition of the legitimacy of the elections to the European Court of Human Rights.
In May 2009, the Parliament passed a vote on the candidacy of the future president of the republic. Despite the fact that the communists supported unanimously put forward by them to the post Zinaida Greceanii, it did not become president. She did not have a deputy`s voice, since the three opposition factions - the Liberals, the Liberal Democrats and the "Our Moldova Alliance" - boycotted the vote. However, shortly thereafter, Ghimpu said that the ranks of the Liberal Party faction led by him "hides the same` zolotoy` 61st vote needed to elect the president. " "This is nothing but a direct allusion to the fact that bargaining with him and his adherents still appropriate", - concluded the analysts.
In the press appeared brother Mihai Ghimpu, Gheorghe Ghimpu (Gheorghe Ghimpu), a former Soviet dissident, politician and founder of the Democratic Party of Moldova, who died in a car accident in 2000.