Miep Gies

Picture of Miep Gies

Date of Birth: 02/15/1909

Age: 100

Place of birth: Vienna

Nationality: Netherlands

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Her real name - Hermina Zantruskitts (Hermine Santruschitz), she was born February 15, 1909 in Vienna (Vienna), in a working family. Native Miep was an Austrian, but in December 1920 she came from Vienna in Leiden (Leiden), with a foster family. After World War I in Austria (Austria) there is a serious shortage of food, and it is likely that the initiative of the Dutch workers, who took a while to their families children of the Austrian workers, so that they fertilize and improved their health, just saved her life - Miep was severely emaciated and often ill.

The family Nyuvenbergov (Nieuwenburg) had five children, but they took the girl as his own, and nicknamed her Miep. Initially, the girl had to stay just six months, but due to poor health remained for a year, and after so much attached to the foster parents that altogether decided not to go anywhere. Dutch language was given to her easily, and also studied well in school Miep. In 1922 she moved with her foster family to Amsterdam. When she was 16 years old, Miep with foster parents traveled to Vienna and saw with his own family, fear, however, that they may require her to return home, but her parents, seeing their daughter happy in the Netherlands, they let her go.

In 1933, she met Otto Frank, a businessman who was forced to flee Germany (Germany) in the Netherlands (Netherlands) iz-za anti-Semitic policy of the Nazi regime, and was admitted to the post of temporary secretary in his company under the name `Opekta`, which sold pectin for making jams. At first she worked in the kitchen, to examine in detail the manufacturing process, and then got a job in the department of information and complaints `Opekta`, which advises clients, but later she was promoted to administrative positions, noting remarkable organizational abilities of the girl. Miep became a close friend of Frank family, like her fiance, Jan Gies (Jan Gies) - her knowledge of Dutch and German helped the family of Frank assimilate into Dutch society - and they with Jan became regular guests in the house of the Franks, and then very supportive of their in the two years that Franco led a secret life.

Miep and Jan for a long time could not get married because obladalivesma modest means and could not lift suitable accommodation - the whole city, to the last closet was literally packed with Jewish refugees, but the authorities intervened. Miep did not want to have anything to do with the Nazis and refused to join the Nazi women`s association, resulting in her passport declared invalid, and for 90 days she had to return to Austria, already annexed by Germany. Jan and Miep married as soon as possible, 16 July 1941, and a young woman automatically gained Dutch citizenship and avoid deportation. The wedding was attended by Otto Frank and Anna.

Together with her husband and servants `Opekta` Victor Kugler (Victor Kugler), Johannes Kleimanov (Johannes Kleiman) and Bep Voskyuel (Bep Voskuijl) Miep helped Otto and Edith Frank (Edith Frank), and their daughters, and the family van Pels (van Pels ) and Fritz Pfeffer (Fritz Pfeffer) to lead a secret life in several rooms in the upper part of the building `Opekta` from July 6, 1942 on August 4, 1944. Miep told in an interview that she was glad to do it at least eight people, as very well knew what was happening to the Jews in Amsterdam. Every day, she saw the men sent to the station, where the train went to the concentration camps. He was responsible for the delivery of food, visiting several markets and shops in different areas, so as not to incur the suspicion. In his apartment Miep and her husband, a member of the Dutch Resistance, hiding anti-fascist student.

Despite the caution, found a traitor, issued the Franks, and August 4, 1944, all eight asylum inmates were arrested. The officer who conducted the arrest, was also a native of Vienna, Miep and knowing that sometimes a lot of money could buy back the prisoners, even the Gestapo, went to meet with the officer, but it did not work out. It seems likely that she herself escaped arrest only because Karl Silberbauer (Karl Silberbauer) turned out to be her compatriot.

In 1950 he and Jan had a son named Paul (Paul Gies). In the 90 Miep he was awarded orders and medals, and the minor planet 99949 Miepgies was named in her honor.

Miep Gies died on January 11, 2010, at the age of 100 years, surviving at 17 years of her husband Ian.