Michael Veske

Picture of Michael Veske

Date of Birth: 1843

Age: 47

Citizenship: Estonia


Veske Mikhail Petrovich (1843 - 05/04/1890) - a remarkable researcher in the Finnish language; born 1843 in the Estonian peasant family in the manor Veske Livonia; He attended a local village school and had in mind to become a rural teacher, but the desire to become a missionary and go the East Indies led him (1866) to enter the Leipzig missionary house. Theological science is not, however, were able to meet young Estonians, longed practice; he decided to devote himself to the service of his people, the study of their language and way of life, the awakening of his national identity. In 1867 he entered the University of Leipzig, where the most engaged in Indo-Germanic linguistics, then to take a great success for the study of the Finnish language. In 1872, for his thesis "Untersuchungen zur vergleichenden Grammatik des finnischen Sprachstammes" (Leipzig) has been recognized as a doctor of philosophy. All this time the VA received a grant from the Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna, who at the request of the Russian. Consul General in Leipzig, Tave, appointed him an annual subsidy of 200 thalers. In 1873 he led. Vol. Elena P., died, and W. was forced to return home. At the beginning of his stay in Dorpat he lived by giving private lessons, but in September 1874 he was elected lecturer of the Estonian language at Tartu University. Since that time he has made almost every summer trip for scientific purposes in the Estonian parishes, and in the summer of 1880 traveled to Finland. During his travels, VA collected folk songs (number 1500), materials for the determination of the dialectical differences and explore mythology. Linguistic studies it had more than one theoretical goal. The scientist, poet and journalist, at one and the same time, VA in the folk dialects drew material for literary Estonian. His scientific work went hand in hand with the public. In public life, V. made a fiery fighter for national revival of the Estonians, rebelled against the Germanization of their people and their likes and dislikes with particular strength shown during the audit of the edge produced by Senator Manasein. In 1885, B. at the request of University of Dorpat, was sent to the government for two years in Hungary, and from there to the Volga and the Urals to study the Magyar and east-Finnish languages; in 1887 he was appointed professor of Finnish dialects of the Kazan University, who in 1882 suggested to join the expedition V., to equip Cheremisov. In 1889, Vladimir made a trip to explore the Mordovians. The result of two trips to the local foreigners, and Cheremisov Mordovians were "Studies on the dialects Cheremis language" (Kaz., 1889) and a collection of 200 Cheremis and Mordvin songs. In Kazan, the same Veske began his most important work, "Slavic-Finnish cultural relations according to the language" (vol. I, Kaz., 1890), in which the first and definitely strongly suggested a broad prehistoric Slavic influence on Finnish peace. For the treatment of the second volume of this Labour suffered its unexpected death (4 May 1890). W. was the editor of a scientific journal and fiction "Ota Maa" ( "Native Land"), published in Estonian since 1884 Individual articles in his field of Estonian mythology and Estonian LANG. They were published in editions of the Estonian scholar and literary societies; See a list of them. in the article on Veske Smirnov (in the "Ethnographic Review" in 1890,