Date of Birth: 12/21/1893
Place of birth: Moscow
Cedar, Michael N. (1893 / 1894-1972), Russian actor, director. Born December 21, 1893 (2 January 1894) in Moscow in the family priest. From 1908 to 1914 he studied at the Moscow Theological Seminary, then at the Moscow Institute of National Economy. In 1920 he entered the Studio to V.Luzhskomu them. Griboyedov. For the first time I addressed in the play A Midsummer Shakespeare as Thisbe night. Another work in the studio was Zheront Mischief Scapin in Moliere. In 1922 he enrolled at the school 2nd Studio (managers Podgorny, N.Massalitinov, N.Aleksandrov) played character roles. In 1924-1925, at the confluence of the 2nd Studio with MAT, student of the school of the Art Theatre. In 1924 he enrolled in the troupe of the Moscow Art Theatre. Played Fedyuk Starkova in Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich, Khrol in Pugachev, Tartar in at the bottom, the caretaker of Maxim in the Days of turbines and other roles. In memory of several generations of the Cedars was a talented successor Stanislavsky case. From the large number of pupils only his Stanislavski attracted to the leadership of Opera and Drama Studio, he instructed to lead the work on Tartuffe with the Moscow Art Theatre actors group by the method of "physical actions". "Oh I have a high opinion of cedar, he is a true artist and a hard man," - Stanislavsky wrote. Stanislavsky Kedrov praised the work as the Chinese Xin Bina in the play Armoured Train 14-69 Vs.Ivanova. Cedars led the theater in the complex art of all the country`s period - from 1946 to 1949 in 1960-1969 was chairman of the board of the theater art. Since 1963 - Member of the Presidium of the Arts Council under the Ministry of Culture.
Cedars has directed the play The Fruits of Enlightenment - to talk about the rise of the theater, and was the author of the statement of Green Street, which marks his downfall. Cedars cherished the old repertory. His best roles: Manilov (Dead Souls), Karenin (Anna Karenina), Tartuffe (Tartuffe), and others.
O.N.Efremov, his pupil, recalled how the Cedars gone from the second act of the Miracle Tendryakova with the words: "Oleg, you are sent to prison, sent to prison!" He came to the performances of the young "Contemporary" quietly to avoid being spotted mhatovtsy. Many hated him in the Moscow Art Theater, the theater was considered a murderer. On behalf of the Moscow Art Theater under the chairmanship E.A.Furtsevoy he and other elders-mhatovtsami participated in the "lynching" on the play Three Sisters A.V.Efrosa theater on Malaya Bronnaya (14 May 1968). On the other hand, Yu.P.Lyubimov wrote that Kedrov lectures were the only living word of the modern theater and the art of the actor in the 1960s. From 1960 he led the creative laboratory at the All-Union Theatrical Society.
Cedars was a member of the Committee on Stalin (later Lenin) Prize of the USSR Council of Ministers from 1947 to 1963. In 1943 was awarded the title of People`s Artist of the RSFSR, and in 1947 - the title of People`s Artist of the USSR. Four times became the winner of the State Prize of the USSR, awarded the Order of Lenin and Red Banner of Labor. In 1968 he directed his last play by Konstantin Simonov The smoke of the fatherland.
Cedars died in Moscow March 22, 1972.