Date of Birth: 03/30/1882
Place of birth: Vienna
Klein (Klein) Melanie (03/30/1882, Vienna - 22.09.1960, London) - Austrian-British psychoanalyst. Incomplete Art and education in Vienna. In Budapest, he met in S. Ferenczi. From 1921 to 1926 he was trained by K. Abraham in Berlin. With the support of E. Jones moved to London. It has created its own school of psychoanalysis. Dealing with the problem of child psychoanalysis, at the same time did not focus on the sexual aspect of the relationship of mother and child, and on the social and cognitive. In her representations, court superego is formed in two years, and this age is characterized by the predominance of aggressive sexual needs above. Conducted child psychoanalysis in the form of play therapy. After 1930 he was engaged in adult studies.
Zur Fruhanalyse. 1923;
The development of a child. Moscow, 1925; Die Psychoanalyse des Kindes. 1932
Envy and Gratitude. 1956;
Narrative of a Child Analysis. 1958.
Clement K.-B. The origins and evolution of Freudian psychoanalysis // Marxist critique of psychoanalysis / (Ed.) Clement K.-B., Bruno P., Seve L. M .: Progress, 1976.