It is called universal renaissance woman. She - the famous poet, memoirist, novelist, educator, dramatist, producer, actress, historian, filmmaker and civil libertarian. It - Dr. Maya Angelou, one of the most famous and influential voices of our time.
Nee Margaret Ann Johnson was born on April 4, 1928 in St. Louis, Missouri. Her father,Bailey Johnson, served as a porter, was also the cook, mother, Vivian Johnson, he was an agent for real estate, and later worked in the Merchant Navy. His nickname of Margaret obliged elder brother, called it ` Maya sestra`.
When she was three years old, and her brother Bailey four, their parents` marriage fell apart. The Father sent the kids to live with her mother in Stemps, Arkansas. However, four years later, suddenly he returned the children to St. Louis. At the age of 8 years Maya was sexually abused by her mother`s roommate of Mr. Freeman. Freeman was full, but the event left a deep mark on the girl`s heart. After this incident, Margaret was sent back to Stemps, where it is represented by a teacher and friend of the family, Mrs. Bertha Flowers finally found a man who was able to trust. It was she who introduced the Maya with the work of writers like Dickens, Shakespeare, Poe, as well as the black poets Francis Harper and Annie Spencer. With thirteen Maya Angelou studied and worked in San Francisco. Her love for art has helped to win a scholarship to study dance and drama. However, the difficult financial situation made it impossible to concentrate on their studies. Still, having left school at seventeen, she three weeks later gave birth to his son, the first - Guy. Lacking experience and a good education, Margaret had to work hard to ensure that the child, sometimes even had to engage in prostitution.
During the same period she married a Greek sailor Tosha Anzhelosa. And when the manager of a nightclub ` Purple lukovitsa` where she worked ,proposed to change the stage name of a more suitable to the dance number in calypso style, she chose the name ` Maya Anzhelu`.
In 1954-55 Maya toured Europe with a production of the opera ` Porgy and Bess`. In each country, which happened to be, she was trying to learn the language. In addition, she studied modern dance Martha Graham ,I danced with Alvin Ailey in various television shows, and in 1957 recorded their first album ` Miss Kallipso`.
In the late 1950s, the angel entered the Harlem Writers Guild, where she met with a number of African-American writers, including James Baldwin, who later became a close friend and mentor of Maya. Hearing in 1960, Martin Luther King`s speech, she joined the Civil Rights Movement, and after some time became one of the coordinators.
In the early 1960s, Maya and her son went to Cairo, where she became an assistant editor of the weekly ` Arabic obozrevatel`. A year later, fate brought her to Ghana ,where Angela worked as an instructor at the School of Dance and Drama at the University of Ghana, and a little later - the editor of ` The African obozrenie`. She wrote the play, and put them to learn foreign languages.
In 1964, Maya returns to the US to help his friend Malcolm Axa to create the Organization of Afro-American Unity, but he was soon killed.error status: 400.
Filming in the movie and acting in television shows, parallel Angelou wrote and released the music for the 1972 film ` Georgia Dzhordzhiya`. The script, written by African-American woman who became the first on which made the film, was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize.
In 1973, Maya Angelou remarried and pereehalav California. The following years were the most productive for her as a writer, poet and composer. She wrote articles, stories, TV scripts, poems, plays, and also lectured at the university. In 1977, Angela appeared in a supporting role in the TV miniseries ` Korni`. And in 1981 he moved to the US south and was a professor from the University of Wake Forest.
Since the mid- 80s and in the 90s Maya actively engaged in teaching activities. In 1996 he directed his first film as a director - ` Down delte`. In 1993, at the inauguration of President Clinton, broadcast all over the world ,she read his poem ` The pulse utra`.
Dr. Angela worked in two presidential committees, he was awarded the Medal of Arts and the Lincoln Medal, and three times received the award ` Gremmi`. In total it has more than 30 honorary degrees.
Maya Angelou died May 28, 2014. She was 86 years old.