Date of Birth: 04/21/1864
Place of birth: Erfurt
The founder of sociology
Maximilian Carl Emil Weber (Maximilian Carl Emil Weber) was born on April 21, 1864 th in Erfurt in Thuringia (Erfurt, Thuringia). The eldest of seven children of Max Weber Sr., a wealthy and well-known politician from the National Liberal Party of Germany, and Helen Fallenshtayn (Helene Fallenstein), Protestant and Calvinist. The house Weber gathered prominent scientists and politicians, and the young Weber, like his brother, Alfred (Alfred), also became a sociologist and economist, thrived in this intellectual atmosphere.
In 1882 Max entered the University of Heidelberg (University of Heidelberg), the Faculty of Law. Throughout the 1880s he continued to study the history, and in 1889 received his doctorate in law, writing his doctoral dissertation on the history of law, entitled `The history of medieval organization of enterprise deyatelnosti`. Became interested in modern social policy, Weber in 1888, he joined the new professional association of German economists `Verein f & # 252; r Socialpolitik`, which are attributed to the economy a key role in solving a wide range of social problems.
Weber is best known for her thesis on economic sociology, which has worked in detail in his book, `The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit kapitalizma` ( `Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism`). In this text Max argued that the method of investigating the connection between religion and economic behavior - is the definition of `selective srodstva`.
In another major work, `Politics as prizvanie` ( `Politics as a Vocation`), Weber defined the state as a person who claims to be` a monopoly on the legitimate use nasiliya`. This definition has become the key to the study of modern Western political science. His analysis of bureaucracy in the economy and obschestvo` `(` Economy and Society`) remains the focus of the study of universal organizations. Weber was the first to recognize a number of different aspects of social authority, which he accordingly qualified based on their charisma, tradition and legal forms.
His bureaucratic analysis pointed out that the modern state institutions based on a form of rational-legal authority. Weber`s thoughts on the rationalization and secularization trends in contemporary Western society (sometimes referred to as `Dissertation Vebera`) led krazvitiyu critical theory, in particular, in the works of later thinkers such as Jurgen Habermas (J & # 252; rgen Habermas).
After the First World War, Weber became a founding member of the German Liberal Democratic Party.
In 1893 Max married his distant cousin, Marianne Shnitger (Marianne Schnitger), which later became a feminist and has played an important role in the collection and publication of articles by Weber after his death. Max Weber died on June 14th 1920, in Munich, Bavaria (Munich, Bavaria).
As a rule, along with Emile Durkheim (& # 201; mile Durkheim) and Karl Marx (Karl Marx), Weber is considered one of the three principal architects of modern social science. It is also considered the most important classical thinker in the field of social sciences.