Maurice Herbert Dobb
Date of Birth: 07/24/1900
Place of birth: London
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Explorer neoclassical economics
Maurice Dobb born July 24, 1900 in London (London). In 1919 he as a scholar became a student at Pembroke College, Cambridge University (Pembroke College, Cambridge), where he studied history, but already after the first year, he changed the subject of his study on the economy in 1921 and 1922 passed both parts of the exam, Cambridge necessary to obtain differences. After two years at the London School of Economics (London School of Economics) Dobb defended his doctoral degree, after which he returned to Cambridge, where in 1924 he was appointed teacher and also taught at his former college.
Contradictory rumors that circulated Dobb divorce with his first wife Phyllis (Phyllis Dobb), whom he married in 1923, and his devotion to Marxism are the reason that Dobb lost not only their students, but also the right to use the college canteen. Despite this, he soon got a new place at Trinity College, and maintained contact with the college for the next half-century, although a member of the local scientific community began only in 1948. In 1959, Maurice Dobb has become one of the senior faculty members.
In 1920 Dobb joined the ranks of the Communist Party of Great Britain (UK), became one of its leaders went into the composition of the executive committee, and in the 30s was one of the main figures of the growing communist movement in the university. One of his followers was the Kim Philby (Kim Philby), the next senior British intelligence agent, and at the same time - highly secret Soviet spy. It has been suggested that Dobb was searching for potential candidates for recruitment to the Communist International (Comintern). In the summer of 1925 he lived in Moscow (Moscow) and had the rare opportunity for Western economists see with their own eyes the features of economic development of the Soviet Union (Soviet Union).
Dobb was an economist, which is primarily engaged in the interpretation of neoclassical economic theory from a Marxist point of view. His participation in the original discussion of the problem of economic calculation was to criticize capitalist, socialist planned or market socialist model, which was based on the concept of neo-classical economic equilibrium. Dobb blamed market socialist model of Oskar Lange (Oskar Lange) and neo-classical ideas of socialists in general is that they narrow the focus on the study of the problem of exchange relations. Many of his works have been published in translation in different languages. His `Introduction to ekonomiku` (Introduction to Economics) has been translated into Spanish by the Mexican intellectual Antonio Castro Lilom (Antonio Castro Leal) for leading Mexican publishing` Fondo de Cultura Economica`, and since 1938 has stood for more than 10 editions.
By Dobby, the main economic problems of socialism are associated with the production and investment in their dynamic aspects. However, the British economist and identified three main advantages of the planned economy prior coordination, thanks to which removed a significant amount of uncertainty in the context of a coordinated and uniform information-gathering and decision-making prior to the allocation of resources; external influence, through which you can take into account a wider range of social effects, and variables in the planning process.
Maurice Dobb, died August 17, 1976, at the age of 76 years.