Matilda Joslyn Gage
Date of Birth: 03/24/1826
Place of birth: Cicero
Citizenship: United States
suffragettes Association President
Matilda Gage was born March 24, 1826 in the town of Cicero, NY (Cicero, New York), and spent her childhood in a house that was `stantsiey` secret system known as the Underground Railroad, and was used to organize the slaves escape from the South slave states in the north of the country. She was the daughter Hezekai Joslin (Hezekiah Joslyn), one of the first abolitionists of America (America), and was the wife of Henry Hill Gage (Henry Hill Gage), who gave birth to five children - died in infancy, Charles Henry (Charles Henry Gage), Helen Leslie ( Helen Leslie Gage), Thomas Clarkson (Thomas Clarkson Gage), Julia Louise (Julia Louise Gage) and Maud (Maud). The youngest of them, Maud came later married to L. Frank Baum (Lyman Frank Baum), children`s writer, invented Oz (Oz). Most of his life Matilda held in the town of Fayetteville, NY (Fayetteville, New York), and although her body was cremated in the cemetery Fayetteville a memorial stone with embossed on it dictum owned Matilda Gage. It says: `There is a word sweeter than a mother, a house or a heaven. This word - Svoboda`.
Maud, who was ten years younger than Julie, first brought her mother in horror, saying that she decided to throw a prestigious university and marry a novice actor on the Baum family, wrote a few plays, but later Mathilde loved in-law so that spent on six months of the year, staying with Frank and Maud, and died in their home in Chicago, Illinois (Chicago, Illinois), March 18, 1898. Alas, in the film `In The Dreamer of Oz: The L. Frank Baum Story` (1990), in which Mathilde Roux played Makklenahan (Rue McClanahan), their relationship with Frank wrongly depicted as hostile, and the filmmakers imagine all that, mother-in-law as if the writer was the inspiration to create the Wicked Witch of the West. In fact, Baum had deep respect for his mother and his wife considered her one of the most gifted and educated women of his era.
Matilda had their own experience to know what prison kogdaee action came into conflict with the law from 1850 prohibits assisting runaway slaves. In addition, she often had financial problems and troubles with health - to play tricks heart, - but all this did not stop Gage, who continued to fight for the rights of women and did it brilliantly. She began to participate in the movement of suffragettes in 1852, decided to speak at the National Convention on the Rights of Women (National Women`s Rights Convention) in Syracuse, New York (Syracuse, New York).
From 1875 to 1876 she was president of the National Association of suffragists (National Woman Suffrage Association) and 20 years was part of the executive committee of the association, or served as a vice president. Since Matilda Gage believed that women should have the right to vote because it is their `natural pravo`, it felt much more radical activist than Susan Brownell Anthony (Susan Brownell Anthony) and Elizabeth Cady Stanton (Elizabeth Cady Stanton), her co-authors on the creation a multivolume `History of Woman Suffrage`. Despite the opposition of the Church, Gage was in his deeply religious woman and participated in the creation of the Women `biblii` (The Woman`s Bible).
In 1878, she bought a `Ballot Box`, monthly suffragettes Association Journal in Toledo, Ohio (Toledo, Ohio), and turned it into` The National Citizen and Ballot Box`, occupying the post of chief editor until 1881 and publishing articles on a wide range of issues. Gage wrote clearly, logically, witty and ironic, and several of her aphorisms have become history. So, thinking about the law allowing men to single-handedly appoint a guardian for their children, unrelated to their mother, she noticed that `sometimes it`s better to be a dead man than a live zhenschinoy`.
In addition to the active voting rights for women, the most important themes of the works of Matilda Gage was a need for social reforms, the separation of church and state, the right of women to control their lives and mistreatment of Native Americans from the United States federal government.