Mary Breckinridge

Picture of Mary Breckinridge

Date of Birth: 02/17/1881

Age: 84

Birthplace: Memphis

Citizenship: United States

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She was born on February 17, 1881 in Memphis, Tennessee (Memphis, Tennessee), known in the family in the city, which gave the United States (Unites States) a large number of politicians. Mary was the daughter of Arkansas congressman Clifton Rhodes Breckinridge (Clifton Rodes Breckinridge) and granddaughter of John Cabell Breckinridge (John Cabell Breckinridge), lawyer, politician and Democratic US Vice-President (USA). Mary studied with private teachers in Washington, DC (Washington, DC), and in St. Petersburg, Russia (St. Petersburg). In 1894 Mary went together in Russia (Russia) with his family, when President Grover Cleveland (Grover Cleveland) appointed her father of the United States ambassador. They returned home in 1897.

Mother Mary disapproved of the fact that her cousin Sophonisba Breckinridge (Sophonisba Breckinridge), future political activist and social reformer, was going to come vkolledzh to start a career. She wanted her daughter to follow a more traditional way.

In 1904, Mary was married to lawyer Henry Ruffner Morrison (Henry Ruffner Morrison) from Hot Springs, Arkansas (Hot Springs, Arkansas). He, however, died two years later, and the children had no spouses. After his death, Mary was admitted to a nursing course at a New York hospital, St. Luke (St. Luke`s Hospital), studied for three years and in 1910 received a diploma, and then back to the south.

In 1912 she married Richard Ryan Thompson (Richard Ryan Thompson), a native of Kentucky (Kentucky), who led the college and conservatory (Crescent College and Conservatory) in Eureka Springs, Arkansas (Eureka Springs, Arkansas). They had two children, but his daughter Polly (Polly) was born prematurely in 1916 and lived for only six hours. Two years later the adored son of Mary, four BrekinridzhTompson Clifford (Clifford Breckinridge Thompson), died suddenly of appendicitis. My husband cheated on Mary, so in 1920 they divorced and she again took her mother`s maiden name.

The work of Mary Breckinridge helped to cope with the grief from the loss of children and divorce, and as a nurse, she joined the American organization `American Committee for Devastated France`, who worked in the territory devastated by the First World War in France (France). In Europe (Europe), she met with the French and British midwives and understand how people with their training can make life easier for mothers and children in rural America (America). A deeply religious woman, Breckinridge felt that this is her vocation.

As in the United States was not necessary for it on midwifery courses, Mary went to England (England), to undergo training at the nursing home in London`s Woolwich (Woolwich) - British Hospital for Mothersand Babies. She then passed the certification of the Central Council of the obstetric, in 1925 returned to the United States and 28 May of the same year organized the Kentucky Board of mother and child (Kentucky Committee for Mothers and Babies), soon converted into `Frontier Nursing Service`.

A spacious wooden house, which is called the Big House or Big House (Big House), located in Wendover, Kentucky (Wendover, Kentucky), and served as the home of Mary, and the headquarters of its organization. In 1939 she opened her own midwifery school.

In 1952, Mary Breckinridge completed his memoirs `Wide Neighborhoods`, the manuscript of which is kept in the archives of the university publishing house` University of Kentucky Press`. She continued to lead the `Frontier Nursing Service` until his death on May 16, 1965.

In 1998, the United States Postal Service issued a stamp dedicated to Mary Breckinridge in a series of `Great amerikantsy`.

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