Mary Baker Eddy
Date of Birth: 07/16/1821
Place of birth: Bow
Citizenship: United States
Baker was born in Bow, New Hampshire (Bow, New Hampshire); she was the youngest of six children of Abigail (Abigail) and Mark Baker (Mark Baker). Rasta girl in the Congregational faith, but in a number of its dogma - like original sin and predestination - the girl did not believe. Much more Mary believed that God loves all of his children; on this basis it is often quarreled with his father, I prefer to trust rather rigid version of the theory of predestination and seriously confident that sinners after Judgment await eternal damnation. From the constant disputes even Mary fell ill; only ailment daughter persuaded Mark Baker begin to show greater flexibility in conversations with her. The disease is soon gone - after the prayers that, in terms of most of Mary, was another sign of the love of God.
In 8 years, the young Mary began to hear the voice calling her name and coming from nowhere. Later, while Mary Academy training in Pembroke (Pembroke Academy) - there was even more strange case. Escaped from a local psychiatric hospital patient wandered into the school yard and pretty scared there children present. Not afraid of him only one, Mary; boldly approached the man armed with a heavy baton, she took his hand and quietly withdrew beyond the yard. Next Sunday crazy back. Going to church, he sat on the bench Baker family. After the solemn chants fugitive left the church and without the slightest soprotivleniyasdalsya in the hands of the authorities.
December 10 1843rd Baker married George Washington Glover (George Washington Glover); six months later on June 27, 1844. He died from dengue fever, two months before their son`s birth. After her husband`s death, Mary granted freedom to all his servants.
Baker earned a living political articles for the `New Hampshire Patriot`; parallel she moonlighted as a teacher. Success in the teaching field gave Mary the opportunity to create an experimental school; School of Baker rehearsed some techniques that are considered in modern kindergartens norm - like education through kindness rather than punishment and the various approaches to the development of the students of this interest to the subject. Unfortunately, these techniques at the time seemed to be too innovative; plant them and failed.
Mary always stood rather poor health, which, coupled with financial problems, it greatly hampered provide decent care of his own son; to a certain point the boy had to pass Mark Baker. In 1853-m Mary remarried; her new husband, Daniel Patterson, a dentist (Dr. Daniel Patterson), it promised to adopt the boy, but his promise never kept.
Mother Mary died, my father married a second time; his new wife had little love for either step-daughter, nor her son. Sometimes a woman helping neighbors, do not hesitate, by the way, to use the boy as a free labor force. Baker condition is deteriorating; Patterson, meanwhile, avoided all adoptions George Bush that Mary sank even deeper depression. Husband Daniel proved generally extremely lousy - is he not ashamed married uhlestyvat for other women, and earned not very much; at some point, he even laid some of the books, jewelery and furniture, Mary, but even that is not really strengthened their financial condition.
In October 1862, Mary became the first patient healer Phineas Quimby (Phineas Quimby). Unusual methods Quimby temporarily eased state Baker. Later, however, she was disappointed in magic and hypnosis; Phineas himself claimed that he was Mary learned much more than she had.
In February 1866 Baker severely injured her back. After that incident, Mary turned even closer to God. In those days, she began to think about the basics of what the future was the basis of Christian Science; one of the principles of this science was self-healing power of religion and the complete impotence of purely earthly things as health or medicine. After some time, Baker not only recovered itself, but also has become a professional healer; Legend of the wonders of created it went just incredible.
In 1873 Mary divorced Patterson. Two years later, Mary published his magnum `opus` - work` Science and zdorove` ( `Science and Health`). It is this work later formed the basis of Christian Science. Baker taught this doctrine and personally; Many of her students later become healers themselves. The first edition of the book was only 1,000 copies; later, however, the book was reprinted several times.
In 1877-m married Gilbert Baker Eddy (Asa Gilbert Eddy); in 1882 they moved to Boston (Boston), where the husband in the same year he died.
The residue of his days Mary has devoted the creation of his own church and refinement `Science and zdorovya`, later published under the title `Science and Health with Key to the Pisaniyu` (` Science & Health With Key to the Scriptures`). The dispute over the new doctrine was a lot, but Baker and followers have sufficed.
In 1881, Mary founded the Massachusetts Metaphysical College (Massachusetts Metaphysical College); within the walls of this institution in the last 7 years it was prepared by about 800 students, most of who were healers and preachers. In 1889 Baker College closed in order to fully concentrate on his work. In total, the book was reprinted 400 times; 6 times the work was subjected to a rather global alterations. At the moment, the book was translated into 17 languages ??- including Braille font.
Mary Baker Eddy, died on December 3, 1910 th; Her body was buried on 8 December. At the time of the death of the healer she was 89 years old. About Eddie`s death in newspapers around the world; most of the reporters agreed that Mary was certainly a positive force.