Date of Birth: 10/21/1914
Place of birth: Tulsa
Citizenship: United States
Martin Gardner, son of petroleum geologist, born October 21, 1914 in Tulsa, the second largest city of Oklahoma (Tulsa, Oklahoma), and grew up in the surrounding area. He studied at the University of Chicago (University of Chicago) and in 1936 received a bachelor`s degree in philosophy. After Gardner worked as a reporter in `Tulsa Tribune`, the author in the department of media relations at the University of Chicago and a member of the administration in the black areas of Chicago (Chicago). During World War II, Gardner, foreman on the destroyer escort, for several years he served in the Navy in the Atlantic Ocean. His ship was still in the Atlantic, when, after the surrender of Japan (Japan) war ended.
After the war, Gardner returned to the University of Chicago. About a year he was in graduate school, but did not get a master`s degree. In 1950, he published an article in a literary magazine `Antioch Review` called` scientist otshelnik` (The Hermit Scientist), pioneering work that later became known as the false teaching. It was the first publication of Gardner`s skeptical, and two years later he refined and expanded its publishing in the form of his first book `In nauki` (In the Name of Science) name.
In the early 50`s Gardner moved to New York (New York City) and became the author and designer of the magazine `Humpty Dumpty`, designed for children from 5 to 7 years, and for eight years he wrote stories and drew illustrations for him and several other children`s magazines. His puzzles in `HumptyDumpty` entailed more serious work and allowed Gardner to get an author` Scientific American`.
Decades Gardner, his wife Charlotte (Charlotte Gardner) and their two sons lived in the town of Hastings-on-Hudson, NY (Hastings-on-Hudson, New York), where Martin made a career independent of the writer, to publish the book at once several publishing houses, and has also written hundreds of articles for magazines and newspapers for a variety of publications. Whether by ironic coincidence, whether by choice Gardner - and this is possible, given his interest in logic and mathematics, and uncommon sense of humor - but their house was at Euclid Avenue (Euclid Avenue).
In 1979, Martin and his wife, partly out of business and moved to Hendersonville, a small town, only in the state of North Carolina (Hendersonville, North Carolina). Charlotte passed away in 2000. A 2002 Gardner returned to his native Oklahoma and settled in Norman (Norman, Oklahoma), where his son James Gardner (James Gardner) has taught and still teaches at the University of Oklahoma (University of Oklahoma).
Martin Gardner died on May 22, 2010, at the age of 95 years. For years, he almost single-handedly planted the United States (United States) interest in entertaining mathematics. Interestingly, that he had difficulty with the study of mathematical analysis, and after high school Gardner never and nowhere have not studied mathematics.