Date of Birth: 09/13/1898
Place of birth: Wedge
Even without completing the secondary school, in 1916 he went to Moscow, and at the same time tried to enter the Chamber Theatre and the Moscow Art Theatre. AND I. Tairov Prudkin rejected hudozhestvenniki accepted. After completing his studies in Klin in 1918-1924 - studiets 2nd Moscow Art Studios (in parallel in 1918-1919 he studied at the Faculty of Moscow State University). The MAT Prudkin were played Priklonskii ( "Pattern of Roses" FK Sologub, dir. V.V.Luzhsky, 1920), Vladimir ( "Green Ring" ZN Gippius, dir. Mchedelov VL 1922 ), Charles Moore ( "The Robbers" Fr. Schiller, setting BI Vershilova, 1923), Don Lewis ( "The invisible Lady" Calderon, setting Vershilova, 1924), as well as Raskolnikov and Prince Myshkin in the passages on " crime and punishment "and" The Idiot "by FM Dostoevsky. In 1924, together with fellow practitioners on the 2nd Studio Prudkin included in the company of the Moscow Art Theatre, which will give the next seven decades.
From the first steps on the stage of the Moscow Art Theater, where KS Stanislavsky entrusted him with the role of Chatsky resumed in "Woe from Wit" A. Griboyedov (1925), artistic temperament Prudkin was perceived in a certain tone - lyrical and romantic. According to NA Krymova, "the fact that he - a great character actor noticed not all and not immediately." In 1920-1930, it was played Lisov ( "Pugachevshchina" KA Treneva, dir. Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Luga, LM Leonidov, 1925), Prince Golitsyn ( "Nicholas I and the Decembrists" AR Kugel, dir. N. Litovtseva, hands. post. Stanislavsky, 1926), Shervinsky ( "Days of Turbin" Bulgakov, dir. I.Ya.Sudakov, hands. post. Stanislavsky 1926 ) Nezelasov ( "Armored Train 14-69" Vs.V. Ivanov, staged Sudakov, 1927), Figaro ( "Crazy day or The Marriage of Figaro" by Beaumarchais, Stanislavsky staged, entering in 1929 in the performance of 1927), Attorney Breve ( "Resurrection" by Leo Tolstoy, dir. Sudakov, hands. post. Nemirovich-Danchenko, 1930), Castalian ( "Fear" AN Afinogenova, dir. Sudakov, 1931), Bakin ( "Talents and admirers" Ostrovsky, dir. Litovtseva, hands. post. Stanislavsky, 1933) and others. With all the brilliance of the young talent Prudkin sometimes he "seemed overly rational, prevent a glut of speech semantic accents - a trait brings dry shade" (OA Radishchev).
Among the indisputable successes of actors (after reckless Shervinsky and caustic Breve) - Mehdi role veil of "Deep exploration" AA Crohn staged MN Kedrov (1943). Nemirovich-Danchenko, thinking shortly before his death on Forest Ostrovsky, outlined the role of Prudkin Arkashka Schastlivtseva.
In 1943 Prudkin - a member of one of the governing bodies of the Moscow Art Theater of the time - art-director board (composed of five persons). Roles Prudkin 1940-1950-ies were mostly played in productions of expressing "the party and government line" (which they were awarded the State Prize): Gaidar in the "Front" AE Korniychuk (dir. Khmelev NP et al., 1942), Krutilin in "Green Street" AA Surova (statement Kedrov, 1948), Ustinov in "Lost House" S. Mikhalkov (dir. Karev AM, 1951), Kerensky "Volley" Aurora "MV Bolshintsov and ME Chiaureli (statement Kedrov, 1952). Later, they were embodied on stage cynic Basov (" Summer People " Gorky, dir. V.A.Orlov, hands. post. Cedars, 1953), English writer ( "The Kremlin chimes" NF Pogodin, dir. MO Knebel, IM Rajewski, V. P. Markov, entering 1956 performance 1942), academician Kareev ( "Golden carriage" LM Leonov, dir. P. Markov, Orlov VJ Stanitsyn, 1957), Jacob Kolomiitsev ( "Recent Gorky" , hand position O. Efremov, 1971), Krutitskii ( "Even a Wise Man Stumbles" Ostrovsky posing Stanitsyn, 1973), Shabelski -.. The first role Prudkin Chekhov ( "Ivanov" by Anton Chekhov, staged Ephraim, 1976), Svetlovidov ( "Chekhov page" on the plays and stories of Chekhov, staged EV Radomyslenskogo, 1977), others ( "It`s over" by E. Albee, setting LM Tolmacheva, 1979), Prince Abrezkov ( "Live corpse "Tolstoy, staged AV Efros, 1982), Pontius Pilate (" Ball candlelight "GS Epifantseva for "Master and Margarita" by Bulgakov, dir. VM Prudkin, 1983) and others. Prudkin was a member (Pan Khmelik) unforgettable ensemble of the second generation of artists of the Art Theatre in a nostalgic play "Solo for hours of battle" O. Zahradnik (dir. A. Vasiliev, hands. Post. Efremov, 1973).
Originally evolved Prudkin relationship with the movie: starring in the 1927 silent film YA Protazanov "Man of the restaurant" (as an officer), and then in the movie "The Seventh Companion" (as well as an officer, 1928), an artist for more than forty years with this kind of art case had not daring to cross the threshold of the scene. Film IA Pyryev twice Prudkin watched as Fyodor Pavlovich Karamazov (1960) in the play Nemirovich-1910 "The Brothers Karamazov" by Dostoyevsky and persistently invited the artist to transfer its theatrical character on the screen. Prudkin succumbed to persuasion: the film was released in 1969. From G.M.Kozintseva offers to star in the role of King Lear actor flatly refused, no feeling of intimacy with the art of cinema.
Faced with Dostoevsky on the scene back in the 2 nd Moscow Art Theatre Studio, Prudkin again confronted with it in a mature and old age. One of the peaks was the role of the Prince in the television drama K. Orlov "Uncle`s Dream" (1981). "If they ask, what is" typical actor "- wrote AM Smelyanskiy - now say -" Look at Prudkin Prince ". When the interest, that is the school of the Art Theatre, I repeat -" See Prudkin to riches "When they want to. find out what the mysterious theatricality Dostoevsky, once again answer - "Look Prudkin to riches".
Member of the television series "Theatrical Memoirs" (in collaboration with AI Stepanova). In 1987 it was released shellac recordings of fragments of the best works of the artist in recent years in the theater, on television and on the radio.
In the film - in 1926, he debuted a small role in the film E. Ivanov-Barkov "Mabul" (based on a story of Sholom Aleichem`s "The Bloody Stream"). People`s Artist of the USSR (1961).