Date of Birth: 04/10/1877
Place of birth: Swieciany
In 1904 he participated in the so-called Romanovsky case (Yakutia protest of 1904 -.. Armament speech his political exiles), sentenced to 12 years in prison, fled. Baku joined the Menshevik group; actively participated in the roar. the events of 1904-05. At the 5 th (London) Congress of the RSDLP (1907) elected a member of the Central Committee. During the 1 st world. War "oboronets". In December. 1915 entered into the "working group" Center. Voen. Prohm. to-ta from oboronch. Menshevik wing. In January. 1917 arrested.
After the February. Revolution of 1917, a member of the Petrograd. RSD Council and its executive committee; Head. Secretariat of the Petrograd. Council RDA. The meeting elected a bureau of the Mensheviks before the Board of May 1st. fractions. On the 1 st All-Russia. Congress of Soviets (3-24 June), it elected a member of the Presidium of the Menshevik faction. Managing the affairs of the Central Executive Committee of the 1st convocation. At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the Petrograd. Council on June 9 came to the committee, to-heaven Joint. with the Bureau of the 1st All-Russia. Congress of Soviets was to work out a plan to counter the campaign was preparing the manifestation of the Bolsheviks and to make an appeal in this regard to the population. June 22 elected member of the Executive Committee of the Petrograd Soviet Bureau. On July 27, the workers` section of the Petrograd. Council opposed the resolution of the Bolsheviks, in a swarm, in particular, touched upon the issue of the transfer of power to the Soviets.
Sep 21. to Dem. meeting, he said: "Now all none Property class forces can not solve the task ahead The wider we will be united, the less will be our responsibility only right path - the path of unity roar and Dem power, and not the way of isolation of democracy..... to-ing will lead us to ruin "(" Proceedings of the CP and DM ", 1917 Sep 22,.). On the same day in a speech in Petrograd. Council said that the Bolsheviks seek power, relying on random "at random luck." Sov. we still did not have power. Do we deal with it? "(" Roar-tion 1917 ", Vol. 4, pp. 251-53). In September. RSDLP (o) entered in the All-Russia. Dem. Council (Pre-Parliament). On 26 September. before . hoz.-ordered Pre-Parliament committee in early October at the Joint in-ones Dem, org-tion pooborone said.... "The country, and with it the roar-tion can only save the strong front and we must make every effort to Moreover, in order to strengthen it. In order to create a strong front, it is necessary to have a first and a strong rear. It can and must be done immediately, moving from words to real creativity "(" Working Newspaper "1917, October 10th.).
October 12th. at a meeting of the Executive Committee of the Petrograd. Council opposed the creation of the Military Revolutionary Committee. At the plenary session of the Petrograd. Council on behalf of the Menshevik faction, said: "... the question of voen.-to-roar of those closely connected with the question of the defense of Petrograd, ... in danger not only of Petrograd by the Germans, but in Petrograd at present is carried out extremely dangerous. campaign, calling the masses into the streets with the slogan "All power to the Soviets." in this environment, business roar. k t can turn into something else, into something terrible and dangerous. we oppose this and we will not go there ... "(ibid , October 17th.). October 23. at a meeting of the Petrograd. Council said that he considers the activities of the Military Revolutionary Committee disruptive, leading to a split in the ranks of democracy, and requests the meeting to think carefully before taking graduate, solution.
October. roar-tion is not accepted. October 25th. at an emergency meeting of the Petrograd. Council was read a statement signed by the AI Weinstein, MI Lieber and Broido, that the Menshevik faction "relinquishes all responsibility for the disastrous consequences of the conspiracy and, in agreement with the RSDLP (o), announces his retirement from the presidium to fulfill. K is the Council `(` Roar-tion 1,917 ", Vol. 5, p. 181). Signed Joint. other published Nov. 4. in "Working Newspaper" letter, in a rum expressed protests against the 31 October. Menshevik Central Committee decision on negotiations with the Bolsheviks on the question of education "homogeneous Sots. Prospect Island". Nov 17. at a meeting of the Central Executive Committee of the 1st convocation raised the question of the relationship between the Central Executive Committee and K is the salvation of the country and the Revolution of. He claimed that the basic difference between these org-tions there, and offered them to drain. In 1919 he went to Vilna, in the spring of 1920 - in Vienna.