Mark Avreliy Geliogabal
Antoninus Heliogabalus for his father belonged to the Syrian Variev aristocratic family and was called from birth Bassianom barium Avita. His great-grandfather, grandfather and father were the priests of the Phoenician sun god El-Gabala, the patron saint of Emesa. On the maternal side of the Bassian was related to the royal family: his grandmother, Julia Maesa, was the sister of Julia Domna, wife of Emperor Septimius Severus and Caracalla. But perhaps its relationship with native north was closer and more direct: the mother of the future emperor, Julia Soaemias, in his youth was having an affair with Caracalla, and was told that her son was born precisely from the younger of the North, and not from the legal spouse (Lampridy "Antoninus Heliogabalus", 1).
In 217, after the murder of Caracalla, Emperor Macrinus ordered Mesa to return home and live on their estates. Since that time Bassianu as senior in-kind Variev, it was entrusted with the administration of the cult of El-Gabala. He was in a flourishing age and was considered the most beautiful of all the young men of his time. When Bassianus and officiated at the altars danced to the sounds of flutes and panpipes, it is going to watch the crowds. Among the onlookers were soldiers, as under the Ames camping Third Gallic legions. Some soldiers were clients of Mesa and under its patronage. While Asian legions are already burdened by power Macrina and regretfully remembered Caracalla, always use hot love warriors. Hearing that Bassian - son Caracalla, sold throughout the army. It was said also that Mesa piles of money and that she willingly give them all the soldiers, if they will help restore power to her family. Many interpreting each other about these things, the legionnaires finally agreed to proclaim Bassianus emperor. Once customers Mesa night admitted her to the camp, along with his daughters and grandchildren, and they came and the soldiers immediately Bassianus dressed in a purple cloak, and proclaimed him Antonin.
As reported by Macrina in Antioch, he sent protivGallskogo Legion troops, but they immediately took the side of Antonina. Then he marched into Phoenicia Macrinus on June 8218, met at its borders with the rebels. Fierce battle began, but even before a winner, Macrinus fled. Legions it took the side of Antonina, and he was soon killed (Herodian: 5; 3-4).
The Senate approved the selection of soldiers, and in 219, at doing away with all the affairs of the East Mesa brought his grandson to Rome. The people welcomed the new Emperor with the greatest enthusiasm, placing him their best hope. But soon his behavior caused widespread bewilderment, and then outrage. From the first day Heliogabalus clearly showed that he intends, as before, be given to the service of his God. On the Palatine Hill near the palace temple it was built for El-Gabala, which henceforth was to be the main shrine of Rome. It was moved and molding the image of the Mother of the gods, and fire, and palladium, and sacred shields - in short, everything that is deeply revered by the Romans. Heliogabalus sought to worshiped in the capital is only one of his god. He said that here it is necessary to move and religious practices of the Jews, as well as Christian and worship to the priesthood El-Gabala held in his hands all the mystery cults. All the other gods, he called the servants of his god, his sleeping bag and slaves (Lampridy "Antonin Heliogabalus"; 3, 7). However, the emperor became indulge in all sorts of Fury: he enthusiastically danced around the statue of the god, did not recognize the Roman clothes by putting his wont in lush barbarian outfits, adorned themselves gilded purple fabrics, necklaces and bracelets, as well as fresh-faced and painted eyes. Every morning he slew, and laid on the altars hecatombs of bulls and a large number of sheep, piling up a variety of incense and pouring out before the altars many amphorae very old wines. Then he launched into a rapid dance to the sound of cymbals and tambourines, dancing with him a woman, it tribeswoman, and horsemen, and the Senate stood around as spectators (Herodian: 5, 5, 8). I do not shun it and human victims slain in honor of El-Gabala more noble and beautiful boys. Many were he forced to participate in orgies of their excited in Romans feeling of disgust and indignation special messengers were looking for the emperor in the public baths of people with large sexual organs and brought them to his palace so that he could enjoy a relationship with them. His lovers, people of the lowest rank, he did then consuls, prefects, governors and commanders. Praetorian prefect when there was dancer Evtihian prefect protection - driver cords supply prefect - Barber Claudius.
Anything to do it secretly, Geliogabalstal make openly, in front of many people. Lover he provided publicly intimate attentions: so your pet Hierocles he always kissed when they met in the groin. He himself, they say, did not have such a body cavity, which would not serve to lust, and was proud of the fact that the countless forms of debauchery former emperors managed to add a few new ones. Sometimes he appeared at banquets naked in a chariot drawn by naked prostitutes, which he drove the scourge. And his peers are often arranged so that after each change of dishes supposed to copulate with women. In the bath he usually bathed with women too and he rubbed them with ointment for hair removal (Lampridy "Antonin Heliogabalus", 5, 6, 10-12, 29-31, 33). In 221, he announced to his wife Woman-Vestal, although she put on the sacred laws till the end of life to keep her virginity. It was already his second wife, and with it, he did the same as the first - sent by itself after a short time in order to marry a third (Herodian: 5, 6). However, her marriage it was not long. In the end, Heliogabalus has married a woman for her lover Zotikov, enjoyed all the days of his reign a huge influence.
The luxury and extravagance of the emperor reached such an extent chtoon never in my life put twice the same clothes, and even the same jewelry. And some say that he never washed twice in the same bath, after washing ordering to break them and build new ones. Shit he only vessels of gold, bathed only in ponds filled with scented ointments or essence of saffron, and to warm their apartments ordered the burning Indian incense without coal. Luxury peers Heliogabalus surpassed even Vitellius. Not once in his peas served with golden balls, beans - with amber rice - with white pearls and fish instead of pepper sprinkled with pearls and truffles. Dogs feed he ordered foie gras, and horses in a manger pour anameysky grapes (Lampridy "Antonin Heliogabalus"; 10,29-33).
Seeing all this, and knowing that the soldiers do not like such a life of the emperor, Mesa convinced Heliogabalus declare Caesar and co-regent Aleksiana, the other her grandson from her second daughter Mamaea. In 221, the Heliogabalus adopted his cousin by the name of Alexander. He soon, however, repented of it, because all the nobles and soldiers turned their thoughts to Alexander and began to lay the best hope for this boy, and reasonably well educated. Heliogabalus had tried to take away from Alexander the title of Caesar. But, having learned about it, the soldiers rebelled, and Heliogabalus, enveloped by fear, took Alexander to his stretcher, and went with him to the Praetorian camp. He obviously wanted to come to terms with the army, however, saw with what enthusiasm greeted his co-ruler of the legionnaires, flared up again. He ordered to seize those especially ardently welcomed Alexander, and punish them as the instigators of the rebellion. Outraged by this order the soldiers attacked
the emperor, killed him and his mother. Their bodies are allowed to drag and dishonor to anyone interested; after their long dragged all over the city, and then, mutilated, thrown into the waste water flowing into the Tiber. He was proclaimed Emperor Alexander (Herodian: 5; 7.8).